Lycoperdon umbrinum

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Lycoperdon umbrinum
Lycoperdon umbrinum.JPG
Lycoperdon umbrinum, found in Gala (Norway) in late August
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Lycoperdon
Species: L. umbrinum
Binomial name
Lycoperdon umbrinum
Pers. (1801)
Lycoperdon umbrinum
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
glebal hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
lacks a stipe
spore print is olive
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Lycoperdon umbrinum, commonly known as the umber-brown puffball, is a type of Puffball mushroom in the genus Lycoperdon. It is found in China,[1] Europe,[2] and North America.[3]

Description[edit]

This species has a fruit body that is shaped like a top or a pear, with a short, partly buried stipe. It is 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) tall and 1 to 4 cm (0.4 to 1.6 in) broad. The fruit body is initially pale brown then reddish to blackish brown, and the outer wall has slender, persistent spines up to 1 mm long. Spores are roughly spherical, 3.5–5.5 µm in diameter, with fine warts and a pedicel that is 0.5–15 µm long. It is uncommon and found mostly in coniferous woods on sandy soils.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhishu B, Zheng G, Taihui L. (1993). The Macrofungus Flora of China's Guangdong Province (Chinese University Press). New York: Columbia University Press. p. 692. ISBN 962-201-556-5. 
  2. ^ Jordan M. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. London, UK: Frances Lincoln Publishers. p. 358. ISBN 0-7112-2378-5. 
  3. ^ Miller HR, Miller OK. (2006). North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, Connecticut: Falcon Guide. p. 455. ISBN 0-7627-3109-5. 
  4. ^ Ellis JB, Ellis MB. (1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes): An Identification Handbook. London, UK: Chapman and Hall. p. 239. ISBN 0-412-36970-2. 

External links[edit]