Lydia Gromyko

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Lydia Dmitrievna Gromyko (Russian: Лидия Дмитриевна Громыко; née Grinevich, Гриневич; 1911 – 2004) was the wife of Soviet leader Andrey Gromyko (1909-1989).


Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich was born in a village in Minsk region in 1911.[1] She was a daughter of Byelorussian peasants.[2]

Andrey Gromyko and she met in Minsk where they both were studying agriculture at the Minsk Institute of Agricultural Science.[1][3][4] They married in 1931.[5] The marriage was harmonious[6] and affectionate.[2] They had two children: a son, Anatoly, and a daughter, Emilia.[2][3] Anatoly (born 1932) also served as a diplomat and academic.[7]

She worked as a teacher and was fluent in English.[4] In addition, she was learned in politics and literature.[4] Her major interest was painting.[4] She was the wife of the Soviet head of state from 2 July 1985 to 1 October 1988.[8] She was regularly seen in public which was not common in the Soviet Union.[4][9] There were rumors that Raisa Gorbacheva and she did not get along.[10] Lydia died in 2004.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Соседи по парте (Neighbors on the desk)". Rosenbloom (in Russian). Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Craig R. Whitney (4 July 1989). "Andrei A. Gromyko: Flinty Face of Postwar Soviet Diplomacy". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Thom Shanker; Vincent J. Schodolski (4 July 1989). "Soviet Statesman Andrei Gromyko, 79". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Biography of Andrey Andreyevich Gromyko". Ford Library Museum. 31 May 1974. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Cold War: Biographies". GALE. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Ilya Zemtsov (1989). Chernenko. The Last Bolshevik: The Soviet Union on the Eve of Perestroika. Transaction Publishers. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-4128-1945-9. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Martin McCauley (1997). "Gromyko, Anatoly Andreevich". Who's Who in Russia since 1900. London: Routledge. p. 100. Retrieved 3 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  8. ^ "Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet". Rulers. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Steve Goldstein (4 July 1989). "Gromyko, Always A Loyalist In The Soviet Leadership, Dies At 79". Philly (Moscow). AP. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Gromyko's Wife, Not Raisa, to Escort 1st Lady". Los Angeles Times (Moscow). Reuters. 25 May 1988. Retrieved 3 September 2013.