Lydian chord

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Lydian chord on C About this sound Play .

In jazz music, the lydian chord is the major 711 chord,[1] or 11 chord, the chord built on the first degree of the lydian mode, the sharp eleventh being a compound augmented fourth. It is described as "beautiful" and "modern sounding."[1] The 7#11 chord generally resolves down by half step while the enharmonically equivalent 7(5) generally resolves up a fourth to the tonic[2] being a dominant chord (11=4=5, see octave equivalency).

Major 7(11) may also refer to the Lydian augmented chord, an augmented seventh chord with augmented fourth appearing in the Lydian augmented scale About this sound Play .[3]

In a chord chart the notation, "Lydian" indicates a major family chord with an added augmented eleventh, including maj711, add9(11), and 6(11).[1]

Harmonic function[edit]

Lydian chords may function as subdominants or substitutes for the tonic in major keys.[4]

Lydian chord: CMA13(sharp11) About this sound Play .

Lydian (CΔ11):

r 3 5 7 (9) 11 (6))

  • The Lydian chord has a peculiarity, in that placing the root both above and below the augmented eleventh creates an unpleasant dissonance of a tritone.[citation needed]
  • The interval of the sixth is used even though it is described after other compound intervals, and perhaps should also be a compound interval (i.e., 13th).[vague] However, convention in Jazz dictates that when describing the major sixth, the simple interval, i.e., 6 is almost invariably used instead of the compound interval, i.e., 13.[citation needed] This helps avoid confusion with the dominant thirteenth.[vague] However, this trend has been almost reversed in more recent evolutions of jazz.[clarification needed][citation needed]
Thirteenth chord: C13(sharp11) About this sound Play .[5]

The dominant 7th 11 or Lydian dominant (C711) comprises the notes:

r 3 (5) 7 (9) 11 (13)

Basing this chord on the pitch C results in the pitches:

C E G B D F A

The same chord type may also be voiced:

C E B F A D F

This voicing omits the perfect fifth (G) and raises the major ninth (D) by an octave. The augmented eleventh (F) is also played twice in two different registers. This is known as "doubling".

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Juergensen, Chris (2006). The Infinite Guitar, p.50. ISBN 1-4116-9007-9.
  2. ^ Juergensen (2006), p.51.
  3. ^ Munro, Doug (2002). Jazz Guitar: Bebop and Beyond, p.39. ISBN 978-0-7579-8281-1.
  4. ^ Miller, Scott (2002). Mel Bay Getting Into Jazz Fusion Guitar, p.44. ISBN 0-7866-6248-4.
  5. ^ Benward & Saker (2009). Music in Theory and Practice: Volume II, p.185. Eighth Edition. ISBN 978-0-07-310188-0.