Front facade of the Lyman Estate.
|Area||37 acres (15 ha)|
|Architect||Samuel McIntire, William Bell|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival, Federal, Other|
|NRHP Reference #||70000737|
|Added to NRHP||December 30, 1970|
|Designated NHL||December 30, 1970|
The Lyman Estate, formerly known as The Vale, is a historic country house located at 185 Lyman Street, Waltham, Massachusetts. It is now owned by the nonprofit Historic New England organization. The grounds are open to the public daily for free; an admission fee is required for the house.
The estate was established in 1793 by Boston merchant Theodore Lyman on 400 acres (160 ha) of grounds, and was the Lyman family's summer residence for over 150 years. It consisted originally of the mansion and its lawns, gardens, greenhouses, woodlands, a deer park, and a working farm. Today the grounds contain a number of specimen trees, a 600 foot (180 m) brick peach wall, and late 19th century rhododendrons and azaleas introduced by the Lyman family.
The fine Federal style mansion, of 24 rooms, was designed by Salem architect Samuel McIntire and completed in 1798. Its grand ballroom, with high ceiling, decorative frieze, large windows, and marble fireplace, was used for formal parties. A smaller oval room was used for family gatherings. McIntire's design was substantially altered during an expansion of the building in 1882 to designs by Richardson, Hartwell and Driver.
The estate's first greenhouse was constructed before 1800 and is thought to be the oldest in the United States. The Grape House, built in 1804 to raise exotic fruits such as oranges, pineapples, and bananas, today houses extensive grape vines, grown from cuttings taken in 1870 from Hampton Court in England. The Camellia House was built around 1820 for cultivation of camellias, introduced to America via Europe in 1797 from coastal China, Japan, and Korea. Many of the Lyman camellias are more than 100 years old. The greenhouses are open to the public.
The estate was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970 for its architecture and for its landscape design, which is remarkably rare for having retained much of its original 18th-century character.
- Gore Place, another former Waltham country estate from the same period
- Robert Treat Paine Estate, a former Lyman family estate just north of this one
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Waltham, Massachusetts
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "The Vale". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- "NHL nomination for The Vale" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-02-28.
- Historic New England : The Lyman Estate
- Historic New England: The Lyman Estate Greenhouses
- Waltham Community: Lyman Estate
- Functions at the Lyman Estate