Lynda Thomas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lynda Thomas
Lynda Foto Chat -14 Jul 2003-.jpg
Last public picture of Lynda Thomas in her singing career (July 14, 2003).
Background information
Birth name Lynda Aguirre Thomas
Born (1981-12-21) December 21, 1981 (age 32)[1]
Tijuana, Mexico
Genres
Occupations
  • Musician
  • singer
  • songwriter
  • producer
  • dancer
  • talent manager
  • anonymous activist
Years active 1989-2002
Labels EMI, Capitol
Associated acts R.E.M.,[2] Vinnie Colaiuta

Lynda Thomas (born Lynda Aguirre Thomas on December 21, 1981)[3] is a retired Mexican Eurodance[4] and alternative rock musician, singer and songwriter who first rose to fame in 1989; later in 2002, she left the music scene and public life when she was obtaining global commercial success, right after finishing recording her unreleased world music album in English-language.[5][6] The musician officially released her last album in 2001; she also is an anonymous humanitarian and animal rights activist.[7][8] She was formerly known professionally as Lynda.

She was a musician who said she hated being typecast,[9] during her career she dabbled with a number of distinct genres and musical styles,[10][11][6][12] fusing them and using musical instruments ranging from the "cajón", flute, tuba, the "ukelele and the acoustic-electric guitar to the "synthesizer" and sequencer.[13][14][15]

She has been working as a songwriter, record producer and music manager;[16] Taking into account only Mexican sales until 2002, Lynda sold over 3 millions albums. Her audience consisted mainly of teenagers, kids and young adults.[17] Lynda Thomas was an advocate for women's rights, she stated "Being brave is better than being a feminist".[18] Lynda also was an occasional fashion house model.[19][20][21]

Lynda Thomas released between 1989 and 2002, over 25 singles, including: Cantemos Juntos (1989), Inseparables (1995), Gira Que Gira (1996), Muriendo Por Él (1996), Blue Jeans (1996), Ya No Hay (1996), El Amor No Tiene Edad (1996), "Dile" (1997), Corazón (1997), No puedo No quiero (1997), Bang Bang (1998), Bailando (1998), Un Grito En El Corazón (1998), No Quiero Verte (1999), Maldita Timidez (1999), Vivir Sin Él (1999), Mi Dia De La Independencia (1999), Corazón Perdido (1999), Ahí Estare (2000), Voy A Seguir (2000), A Mil Por Hora (2000), Lo Mejor De Mí (2001), "Polen (Todas Las Mujeres)" (2001), Estoy Viva (2001), "Ay, ay, ay" (2001), Mala Leche (2002) and Para Ti (2002), mainly. Throughout her career, she preferably opted to promote her singles through radio format and promotional tours, instead of music videos.[4][14] During the 1990s, the singer stated, "A real artist takes risks and evolves".[10]

Career as a singer[edit]

1981-1985: Early life and family[edit]

Lynda was born in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, on December 21, 1981. She lived and received her early education in that city; at the time, following the advice of her parents and siblings, Lynda opted to break into the music territory. Alissa (Rosangel) Aguirre Thomas, her sister, was a collaborator throughout the whole career of Thomas, she also was a musician and singer-songwriter,[22] Lynda always thanked Alissa, mentioning her as "Mufasa", and said that Alissa was her great inspiration in her life and music.[23][24]

1986-1994: Breakout, professional career and first vinyl recording - "Cantemos Juntos (1989)" - Child career[edit]

In 1986, she began singing as an amateur singer on local festivals, later in 1989, she was discovered during a TV singing contest called Fantasía Musical made by "Siempre en Domingo", at the time, the most important variety-show in Ibero-America, in which, she winning first place in her native state and later, she became one of the national winners, at the age of eight.[25][26] Soon after, she moved to Mexico City to start a professional career, supported by her sister Alissa and producers Tino Geizer and Carlos Lara.[27][28]

Her debut promotional vinyl recording was released in 1989 only in Mexico, a theme written by her sister Alissa called "Cantemos Juntos" (Let's Sing Together). The track did not chart. Later, in 1990, "Cantemos Juntos" was included on the compilation LP Los Triunfadores de Fantasía Musical. Subsequently, Lynda continued her studies and her musical training.[26][29]

The release of her first full-length album, was delayed about six years. Lynda and her producers were looking for a new record label after she left Discos y Cintas Melody in 1989; they showing several demos from her album "Lynda" since 1990, but it wasn't until 1994, that Lynda Thomas signed with the defunct label "EMI-Capitol".[25]

1995-1996: Mainstream success - "Gira Que Gira" - Mid-90s teenage and Eurodance era - Revelation artist[edit]

In 1995, at the age of 13, Lynda began finishing recording "Lynda",[30] her debut full length album, it was completed in 1996 and officially released in the same year, it also was presented on the 1996 children show "El Show de Cositas".[31][32] Before the album was released, in 1995, Lynda released the pop-rock single "Inseparables", which later was included on the album, the song talks about the inconditional friendship between two teen friends, initially "Inseparables" (as well as the career of Lynda), received almost no support, later in Mexico city, the song gradually began to be played on the radio and subsequently became a Mexican Top 3 hit; afterwards, it was released in 1996 in other countries, in where, the song remained on the charts and received continuous airplay on the radio for about two years, since its release until the spring of 1997. "Inseparables" became a mid-90s classic theme although it not had a promotional music video.

The commercial breakout of "Lynda" came with her first international eurodance-bubblegum dance single "Gira Que Gira", it became a smash hit during the spring and summer of 1996 and climbed to the top position in Mexico and other countries, it also became one of the biggest classic hits for the youth of the mid-90s in Ibero-America, the promotional video for the song gained strong rotation on MTV and TeleHit; at the time, in 1996, eurodance and all its subgenres were at the peak of their popularity all around the world with acts such as Lynda Thomas herself, Haddaway, La Bouche, No Mercy, Corona, N-Trance, Mr. President, Alexia, 2 Unlimited, Scatman John or Ace Of Base among many others;[33] later, the successful teen girl band Jeans made their debut in October 1996, with "Pepe", a big hit single strongly influenced musically by "Gira Que Gira" by Lynda (released nine months before). At the same time, Lynda released only as a radio promo, a Eurodance/Hip Hop track called "Sólo Contigo" (Only With You), without any promotional video, the song entered the Top 10 on the dance radio stations, including Alfa Radio 91.3; "Sólo Contigo" combines elements of techno, hip hop and eurodance music, genres that were popular in the early and mid-90s. This promo is one of the earliest demos of the album Lynda.[34]

Subsequently, Lynda released a mid-tempo ballad called "Muriendo Por Él" (I´m Dying for Him), the track reached the top ten on the charts in several countries and became the first ballad since "Cantemos Juntos" (1989) released as a single by Lynda, it also was one of the first songs with acoustic arrangements, "Muriendo Por Él" climbed to the top position on Stereo Joya 93.7 and other romantic radio stations, beating successful songs such as "La cosa más bella" by Eros Ramazzotti and "Mas de lo que te imaginas" by The Sacados, earning strong airplay in the first half of 1996, despite the song did not have any promotional video. Soon after, Lynda Thomas released the eurodance single "Blue Jeans", it became a huge success all over IberoAmerica, the biggest since Gira Que Gira, the music video for Blue Jeans, was filmed near Santa Fe, Mexico City; both the single and its music video became number one in Mexico and a top 3 hit in several countries in the summer of that year, the song was loosely inspired on the Real McCoy 1994 Eurodance hit Another Night.

In the summer of 1996, Lynda released the Reggae single "Chicos", in "7-inch" format; the song, which was one of the early 90s demos from the album, obtained continuous airplay on the radio in Mexico and many other countries due to the high popularity of such musical genre at the time all around the world; While "Chicos" was getting airplay on the major radio stations in Mexico City, the musician also released for the teenage target market the successful ballad "Ya No Hay", both singles, "Chicos" and "Ya No Hay", became some of the most requested songs on the radio by the teen school students in the mid-90s between the ages of 12 and 16. Both singles had no promotional music video. "Ya No Hay" was notable for being the first official single released by Lynda with saxophone arrangements.[35]

Then came one of the biggest hit singles of 1996, "El Amor No Tiene Edad" (Love Has No Age), a pop-ballad released in June 1996, it reached the No.1 spot in Mexico, Argentina and other countries in the summer of 1996, and prolongued its success until the fall of such year. The music video was recorded on an Ice Rink in Mexico city. The single had its premiere on "Siempre en Domingo", following the advice of Raúl Velasco. One year later, Fey released her successful single "Subidón", which was similar in melody, lyrics and music video to "El Amor No Tiene Edad". The single "Subidón" and its music video were officially released and filmed respectively in mid-1997.[36] Subsequently, in mid-1996, Lynda released a eurodance-remix version of "El Amor No tiene Edad", which entered on the top ten of the charts and was a hugh success at the 90's IberoAmerican Discothèques, the dance version was presented in the early days of the comedy-variety show Otro Rollo in the same year. For this album, she received at the age of 14, the ERES Best New Singer award and was named the "Revelation Artist" of the year.[12][12][37]

Also, in 1996, Lynda made her first performance since 1989, on Siempre en Domingo, she performed her smash hits "Gira Que Gira" and "Blue Jeans" among others; she would return to the show in 1997 to present her single "Dile", before the show was cancelled after 30 years of transmission.[26]

At the time, in the mid-90s, her biggest competitors were Soraya, Fey, Laura Pausini and the eurodance singers Rebeca and K.U. Minerva.[38][39]

During the 1995-1996 Lynda Thomas teenage period, a famous and strong musical rivalry between Lynda and Fey emerged among teenage audience, pop singer Fey was 9 years older than Lynda Thomas and debuted in the music scene six years later that Lynda, this rivalry would only last three years, because Lynda in 1998 turned into acoustic and alternative rock music, while Fey still remaining as a bubblegum-pop singer until 2014; however in the mid-90s, Lynda Thomas said that there was not any rivalry between the two of them.[40][41]

The fashion look from the mid-90s of Lynda was characterized by using small school backpacks and yellow smiley faces in her clothes. In several countries of Ibero-America, Lynda set the fashion of carrying small backpacks among the young girls students of the nineties, besides, she established a way of dressing that consisted of berets, yellow vests, short dresses with coloured tights and platform shoes. Also, the euphoria of yellow smiley face products emerges strongly in such countries.[12][42][43][44]

Amongst her musical influences, Lynda cited the Peter Gabriel's pupil Paula Cole, Tragic Error (a pioneer in eurodance music), Björk, Sarah McLachlan, Fiona Apple, Janis Joplin, Alanis Morissette, the Irish alternative rock band "The Cranberries" and Jewel mainly.[20][29][45]

1997-1998: Consolidation - "Dile" - Pinnacle and ending of the Eurodance era and beginning of social activism[edit]

In 1997, at the age of 15, Lynda released a Eurodance album called "Un grito en el corazón", which got strong sales after its international release, it included the eurodance smash hit "Dile" (Tell Him), it was a number one hit in several countries, the track became the Ibero-American breakout single for Lynda. The song gained strong rotation on the music channels and got a lot of airplay during the whole year. Soon after, she had the lead in the official Children's Day theme for Mexico and other countries, the song was called "Por Un Mundo Feliz"; alongside the single release, a massive event was held at Plaza Mexico and several avenues from Mexico city (mainly Paseo de la Reforma) with a major participation of Lynda Thomas, it became the most attended event in the history of Mexico city with an attendance of more than 6 million people in April 1997. The single was a number one hit in Mexico and a top five hit in other countries.[46]

Then came, the top 3 Eurodance hit "No Puedo No Quiero" (I Can't, I Don't Want) a theme written also by Alissa, which was presented on "Siempre en Domingo" (as well as "Dile") and showed Lynda with a new teenager image, that imposed a new fashion of dress at the time, which consolidated her as a fashion icon from the nineties.[47][48]

Then, Lynda released "Corazón" (Heart), which became a number one hit both, in Mexico and on the Ibero-American dance radio stations, it was also a top 3 hit in other countries; the lyrics were written by her sister Alissa, the song became one of the biggest icon Bubblegum dance singles of the 90s for the teenagers, as well as the music video, which was filmed in Mexico city and featured Mexican actor Kuno Becker; The track was released in the golden era of Bubblegum dance (subgenre of Eurodance) in the nineties, Lynda was one of the representatives acts of such genre alongside artists such as Whigfield and later Aqua. "Corazón" was premiered in a massive live performance at Plaza de Toros México in April 1997, in front of more than 40,000 people, in where, Lynda had an acclaimed performance.[46][49]

In the summer of 1997, Lynda launched a power pop- ballad called "Tanto, Tanto" (So much, so much), the song had a strong acceptance among the school students and teenagers in Mexico and several countries, becoming a top ten hit; later, in the following year, in 1998, the teen band OV7 released a ballad with a similar melody, song title and lyrics, called "Te Quiero Tanto, Tanto" the OV7 song became a number one hit all over Ibero-America.[50][51]

Still, in 1997, in December, Lynda Thomas performed alongside other nineties pop artists a Christmas single called "Estas Navidades" (This Christmas); both, the track and the music video (which was filmed in Televisa studios) had a strong rotation and airplay in Mexico and other countries. The song was presented officially on the Sunday show "Siempre en Domingo", in where Lynda alongside other artists sang the single and broke together the usual Piñata at the end of the show, to celebrate the massive event.[52]

On her own, Lynda released for that Christmas period, a dance version of Jingle Bells, which was released as a promo single in December 1997. It was also performed in the last Christmas celebration ever on "Siempre en Domingo".[53]

In late 1997, lynda released a promo single of Bang Bang, soon after, in early 1998, the track was officially released as a single in the rest of IberoAmerica, it reached the top 3 in several countries and was a number one hit on the dance radio stations; "Bang Bang" became the last international eurodance hit released by Lynda, it coincided with the end of the golden years of eurodance all over the world in the first half of 1998. Then, in February 1998, she released officially the eurodance single, "Bailando" (Dancing), the track, which was first released only as a promo in 1997, reached the seventh position on the Mexican charts and was a top 15 hit in other countries, it became the last official eurodance single released by lynda, just before she evolved into the alternative rock and experimental music in the second half of 1998 for "Mi Día de la Independencia" and "Polen". By that time, with a massive success since the mid-90s, she had already become the first original 90s teen idol and paved the path for many later singers such as Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, Katy Perry, Lady Ga Ga or Selena Gomez among many others.[30][54] Also, in the first half of 1998, came the pop single Un Grito en el Corazón (A Cry From The Heart). All singles from "Un grito en el corazón" were massively played on the radios and all of them reached Top ten in Mexico and other countries. The album had a strong electronic and dance musical direction.[4][12]

During her absence in 1998, Lynda Thomas decided to move to Los Angeles, California. There she took English and music lessons. Also, since 1997, she became an activist and participant of several organizations like Greenpeace and Lazos, for the last, Lynda financed the school education of several children living in extreme poverty and marginalized and rural areas of Mexico and Central America.[7][55]

Later, in December of that year, Lynda returns to the stages on the Mexican Telethon held at Estadio Azteca, in Mexico city; she performed several hits from her eurodance album, Un Grito en el Corazón, including "Bang Bang" and "Dile".

Then, she had the lead in a Mexican-homage to Pope John Paul II alongside artists such as Imanol Landeta (in the intro), Kairo, Jeans, kabah and Mercurio among many others with the smash-hit El Pescador Juan Pablo II (1998), which became number one in that country and the video for the song gained strong rotation during the Pope`s visit to México. The song received the Medal of Merit from Vatican in the same year.[56][57]

1998-2000: Massive international success - "Mi Día De La Independencia-A Mil Por Hora" - Alternative rock era and pinnacle of her commercial and critical success[edit]

During the mid-1990s, she became one of the most successful Eurodance acts around the world, but, in early 1998, Lynda Thomas decided to change radically of musical genres, therefore she moved to Los Angeles, CA, to begin recording "Mi Día de la Independencia", alongside her producers and Vinnie Colaiuta,[58] in which she evolved into alternative rock and acoustic rock, it was finished recording in late 1998, soon after it was released internationally in early 1999, when Lynda Thomas had just turned 17. "MDI" had two re-releases in early and late 2000, due to its prolonged success;[59] this new musical production offered Lynda Thomas the opportunity to branch out and experiment with different genres and musical styles. Lynda released seven singles from the first edition of the album, and at least four singles from "Mi Dia De La Independencia" became international number one singles.[citation needed]

During the promotion of MDI, Lynda tries to convey the message that not all teenagers use drugs, alcohol or are depraved; on the contrary, she said that there are many teenagers who are interested in Social Welfare, Sustainable Development or Environmental Protection; she expressed her desire to become a spokeswoman for the teenagers. The album was presented officially to the media in early 1999, in a show case at the defunct "Hard Rock Live" in Mexico City. With "MDI" and her subsequent album "Polen", Lynda Thomas became one of the most successful folk and alternative rock acts in IberoAmerica and other places of the world alongside similar acts such as The Cardigans, Natalie Imbruglia, Suzanne Vega, The Cranberries, Alanis Morissette, Placebo, Pavement, The Verve or Sixpence None The Richer.[33] At the time, Lynda Thomas stated, "A real artist takes risks and evolves".[10][60]

Lynda first launched the single "No Quiero Verte", (I Don't Wanna See You), an alternative rock track which reached the number one position in Spain and remained over 14 weeks at the top in Mexico, this single, was the official beginning of a new musical direction by Lynda;[61] In "No Quiero Verte", Max Di Carlo (who worked before with Giorgio Moroder), co-wrote the song alongside Alissa, Di Carlo also was a recurrent producer (alongside Lara) and collaborator of Lynda;[62] No Quiero Verte also was one of the biggest end year chart hits of 1999 in Ibero-America. The music video which was made and produced by Argos Producciones,[10] gained strong popularity from the early 1999 until mid-2001. The successful song was performed live, two years later in February 2001, at Festival Internacional de Viña Del Mar, held in Chile, where she had an acclaimed performance and received a medal of recognition.[63][64]

Her second physical single was "Maldita Timidez" (Damn Shyness), it was an Ibero-American No. 1 and became one of her biggest hits, the single established Lynda as one of the most successful rock acts in IberoAmerica, mainly in Spain, in where, she received the Los 40 Principales award (the biggest recognition in mainstream music in such country); the physical single was released in two different versions for the Iberian market.[65] When Lynda was filming the music video for the song, in Mexico city, a high intensity earthquake occurred;[66] then came the hit "Mi Día de la Independencia" and her smash hit " Corazón Perdido", that songs helped Lynda Thomas to reach new levels of success in her young career.[9]

By mid-1999, Lynda made a limited release of the adult contemporary ballad "Vivir Sin Él" (Living Without Him),[67] initially the track became a strong radio-airplay hit in the summer of that year in Mexico, Central and South America, though Lynda not filmed any official video for the song; also, initially a music video was scheduled for the song, but it was cancelled due to decisions of her label; however, the successful single which was recorded originally in 1998, received good acceptance from the mainstream audience, it became a classic ballad from the 1990s in Ibero-America. Lynda rarely included the song during her 1999-2000 tour. Originally "Vivir Sin Él" was scheduled to be the first single from her album "Mi Día de la Independencia" in early 1999, but due to her record label's decision, "No Quiero Verte", written by Alissa, was chosen instead, the decision was right, the single peaked number one all over Ibero-America.[58][68]

Subsequently, came the successful single "Mi Día de la Independencia" (My Independence Day), which also was the opening theme from the album of the same name, it also became a strong hit all over Ibero-America, mainly in Spain, Argentina, Chile and Mexico; the track was released as a psychical single in 1999, the song talks about the misconception that adults have about teenagers, but mainly, the musical theme made strong complaints against animal cruelty and the extinction of the whales. The premiere of her single "Mi Día de la Independencia" was on the Mexican TV-show Hoy in 1999, Lynda made a live performance of the song; however the successful single, rarely was performed live on tour, it only was included on some shows on the 1999-2000 tour by Lynda.[69][70]

Subsequently, Lynda released "Con el Alma en la Piel" (With the Soul Over the Skin), a theme about a sixteen year old girl, who painfully leaves home after getting pregnant, and has to deal with the problem alone. It is based on a true story and was released only as a promo, the ballad obtained a moderate success during 1999, mainly in Mexico, Argentina and Chile.

"Corazón Perdido" (Lost Heart), was her last single and number one hit of the nineties for Lynda, it reached the number one position in several countries including Spain, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, the track remained at the top of the Mexican charts over four months; it became the biggest hit single from "Mi Día de la Independencia". The success of her 1999 album, would prolong its promotion over two years, both, the song and the album remained at the top of the charts at the same time, beating artists such as Luis Miguel, Ricky Martin or Enrique Iglesias among others. The music video was hastily filmed in an underground mall parking in Mexico city.[71] Lynda also recorded in Argentina a special acoustic version of the song for MuchMusic Latin America, due to the prolonged success of the single and its music video, "Corazón Perdido" remained on the charts of IberoAmerica since its release in 1999 to early 2001.[72][73]

In 2000, Lynda launched officially the mid-tempo ballad "Ahí Estare" (I'll Be There); first, the single won a lot of airplay on the radio in 1999, but due to the prolonged success of her previous singles, the official release of "Ahí Estare" was delayed about one year. Then, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during her "1999-2001 Mi Día de la Independencia tour", Lynda made an acoustic version of "Ahí Estare" (alongside Corazón Perdido), for MuchMusic, this, because the single achieved great success in South America, however in Mexico, the song was little-known. The theme was written by Alissa Rosangel and was one of the most performed live songs by Lynda.[73]

She also worked in the TV ad campaign for Sabritas snacks company, with an adaptation of her hit single "Corazón Perdido".[39]

Then, still in early 2000, Lynda Thomas released an acoustic single called "Voy A Seguir" (I'll Go Ahead) written by the then-unknown musician Leonel García, initially, during 1999, the song was played on the radio repeatedly, later in March 2000, it became a strong airplay hit, therefore, EMI Capitol decided to release the track as an official CD single; although the song achieved significative sales, it was surpassed strongly in popularity and sales by her next single "A Mil Por Hora". During the "Mi Día de la Independencia" Lynda Thomas Tour (Acoustic gigs phase), she performed "Voy A Seguir" with her band in Buenos Aires, such performance was released as an airplay radio single in Argentina only.[74][39][75] In the year 2000, Lynda Thomas released one of her most successful singles, A Mil Por Hora (A Thousand Per Hour), an alternative rock song, written by Lynda herself, which was released in September of the same year, it became a number one hit in several countries from IberoAmerica, including Spain, Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay and Chile during the years 2000 and 2001, "A Mil Por Hora" remained more than seven months at the top of the charts. While Lynda Thomas was performing live at Festival de Viña Del Mar held in Chile, in February 2001, A Mil Por Hora was still remaining at number one.[76] The song was the eighth single from her 1999 album "Mi Día de la Independencia" and the first single from Mi Día de la Independencia Edición Especial.

The track was the main-theme from the successful telenovela Primer Amor: A mil por hora a remake of the 1987 smash TV-hit Quinceañera. She also was hired to perform other musical theme for the teen melodrama, "Laberinto". Actually, Lynda had a brief appearance on Primer Amor: A mil por hora, in one of the last episodes, in which, Lynda helps to raise funds to the characters of Anahí and Ana Layevska, for their high school graduation, Anahí and Layevska sang alongside Lynda "A Mil Por Hora" a cappella.[77]

The music video for "A Mil Por Hora" was filmed in 35 mm and was one of the most showed videos in the early 2000s all over Ibero-America due to the 2003 Brazilian re-released. The single sold over 500'000 units in Ibero-America and won a Gold certification,[66] it also was included in the "A 1000 X Hora" EP, the Primer amor... a mil por hora OST and the 2000 international edition of her 1999 album Mi Día de la Independencia. The successful single "A Mil Por Hora", inspired the 2005 song "Responde" by actor and singer Diego Boneta, which also became a smash hit in several countries around the world and became the biggest hit single by Diego until 2014; the song was influenced by "A mil Por Hora" musically and in its lyrics, as well as in its promotional music video.

"A Mil Por Hora" talks about several youth problems, such as Bulimia, independence from parents, lack of love and desperation, same problems that eventually were the cause of her retirement. Lynda Thomas made a strong live performance of the successful soundtrack in its premiere on the shows Otro Rollo and Hoy in 2000; besides, this musical style would have its massive international success years later with new post-Lynda Thomas singers such as Avril Lavigne, Kelly Clarkson, Taylor Swift or Pink.[20][78][79]

Lynda also continued her extensive "Mi Dia de la Independencia 1999-2000 tour" that included an acclaimed performance in front an audience of 110,000 people, in the 2000 Mexican Telethon, celebrated at Estadio Azteca in Mexico city, in benefit of children with some disabilities and terminal diseases; she also had a major participation at the 2000 Chilean telethon, held in Santiago, Chile.[80]

Lynda also worked as a fashion model for the Italian fashion house Armani by Giorgio Armani in the early 2000s.[81]

2001-2002: Incursion into experimental music and setting new musical trends - "Polen" - New image and musical maturity, sudden and unannounced retirement[edit]

In 2001, the world saw a new album titled "Polen". It was oriented to the acoustic rock, folk rock, alternative rock, Pop punk and Brit-rock music style, the last album by Lynda Thomas was a predecessor and pioneer in the international teen alternative-rock scene, it was even released one year before that artists such as Avril Lavigne and Kelly Clarkson made their debut in the music scene or months before Pink began to dabble into alternative rock with Missundaztood. It also would be a fundamental musical and public image reference for the teen idol Belinda Peregrín among other singers.[82][83][84]

"Polen" counted with the participation of the American musician Vinnie Colaiuta on drums and production, who worked before with artists such as Frank Zappa, Megadeth, Duran Duran and several Jazz musicians.[85] The album went to number one in Mexico and other countries. It included 11 songs, most of them written by Lynda Thomas herself. This album included several singles including "Lo Mejor De Mí" (last number one), "Para Tí", "Polen (Todas Las Mujeres)", "Ay, ay, ay", "Mala Leche",(it also was the last music video made by Lynda) and "Estoy Viva". At the time, Polen was certified Gold and Platinum in several countries.[11]

Shortly before, that "Polen" was released, on Sunday, February 25, 2001, at Festival de Viña Del Mar held in Chile, Lynda was selected as a member of the internacional jury; Viña Del Mar is considered the biggest and most important musical event in the Americas, she also had an acclaimed performance and received positive reviews by critics and audience in the main day of the festival, she performed her latest hits (including "No Quiero Verte" and "Corazón Perdido") from her successful album "Mi Día De La Independencia", which was still remaining after about two years in the top of the charts in Ibero-America with nine singles released since 1999.[63][80]

The first single from "Polen" was the international Semi-acoustic alternative punk-rock track "Lo Mejor De Mí" (The Best Of Me), which was written by Lynda Thomas herself, it was the last Ibero-American number one hit for her; at the time, she was going through many personal, labor and family problems, nevertheless, she became an activist against environmental destruction, addictions to drugs and alcohol, animal abuse, violence against women and child abuse; a music video was filmed in Mexico city for the song, it was about a female Secret Agent who works for the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, the promo clip was directed by Pedro Damian. The song also had an acoustic version, which was performed live during her last tour in 2001 and 2002, including a massive performance at the 2001 Mexican Telethon held in Estadio Azteca. Both, the social awareness and musical proposals by Lynda Thomas was not well received by the mainstream audience.[11][18]

Subsequently, also in 2001, Lynda released in Argentina, Chile and Mexico an ambitious and innovative project called "Polen (Todas Las Mujeres)" (Polen - All Women), a Funk-Alternative metal single dedicated to the human rights of all women, the song talks about gender discrimination, child sexual abuse, poverty, school bullying and domestic violence, at the time, the mainstream audience were not accustomed to this kind of songs about social problems, nor to the rhythm of the single, for which, instead of receiving positive criticism, Lynda received harsh criticism and poor airplay due to the social complaints of the song. In the rest of Ibero-America, the single was officially released on April 11, 2002.[86] Vinnie Colaiuta collaborated on drums and the co-production of the track; the song was influenced musically by Led Zeppelin (Immigrant Song) and Faith No More (Epic), mainly.[19][87][88]

Meanwhile, Lynda also was the host alongside Colombian rock-singer Juanes at the first original edition of the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards LatinAmerica, held in Santa Monica, California, in 2001; this aired one hour before the American version of the awards.[89]

Then, Lynda released her third single from "Polen", an alternative-rock song called "Estoy Viva" (I'm Alive), written and produced by Lynda Thomas herself and recorded in Los Angeles, California. It was officially released as a psychical single in 2001; the song showed Lynda in a new musical facet, influenced by the Brit-pop and the Seventies punk rock, the song was one of the most personal songs for her; it had a lack of commercial promotion and poor airplay, due to the bad relation of Lynda with her record label and because at that time, such musical genre was not yet marketed among mainstream audiences; however, the song would become a musical reference for later pop and rock teen-idols in Ibero-America and other parts of the world. One year later that "Estoy Viva" was released, this musical style made its international commercial breakout with new singers such as Avril Lavigne, Kelly Clarkson or Pink. Lynda wrote the song at a time of deep depression.[90][91][15][92]

Still, in 2001, Lynda continued releasing uncommercial singles, even though her record label was against the decisions of Lynda Thomas, her fourth release from "Polen", "Ay, ay, ay", is an Andalusian-Flamenco Folk rock track with other folk arrangements from Spain. The song was written by Lynda Thomas herself and was inspired and based on the book "Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair" ("Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada") by the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, which was first published in 1924; the World-music theme "Ay, Ay, Ay" was a commercial failure in Ibero-America, except in Spain, Chile and Portugal, where the song obtained significative airplay and had a promotional tour in such countries. The song (like most of her singles) had no promotional video.[93][94]

Subsequently, Lynda launched the alternative rock song "En El Anden", only as a promo single, the track was a collaboration between Lynda and her sister Alissa Rosangel, who was a recurrent collaborator and composer throughout the whole Lynda's career, Vinnie Colaiuta was on drums, the track had a minor airplay, however, the single became an underground classic song for Lynda Thomas, since her retirement, although at the time the musical genre of the song was not according to the mainstream audience and was panned by critics.[95]

Still, in 2001, Lynda released at the request of her record label the teen pop-punk single Mala Leche (Cheater), it was the most "commercial"-sounding song from the album, unlike the rest of "Polen", which ventured into the experimental music; for this single, Lynda recorded what would be her last music video in her career, it was filmed in January 2002, three months after the release of the single in November 2001, the song was released in March in many other countries. It became a top three hit all over Ibero-America. "Mala Leche" became a strong musical and "fashion look" influence for many later singers, such as Belinda Peregrín, Eiza González or Danna Paola among many others. At the time Lynda was suffering from Bulimia and many personal and family problems, but still, she continued with her extensive tour in Ibero-America. The song had its last performance ever on TV in Otro Rollo, on March 12, 2002, with former football soccer legend Diego Armando Maradona as a special guest.[96][97]

Later, in 2002, lynda was the host on the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards and performed an extensive tour, which would be the last one.[98]

She also released what would be her last single in her career as a singer, "Para Ti" (It's For You), a semi-acoustic song which reached Top ten in several countries, although the single did not have any promotional video, due to personal and contractual problems of Lynda. The song written by Lynda herself, is an auto-biographical song about her childhood sweetheart and "the nostalgia of lost love". The acoustic theme "Para Ti", was the last song that Lynda performed live in her career; it happened in mid-2002.[99]

When Lynda Thomas had finished the promotion of "Polen" and its promotional tour in mid-2002, the Adult contemporary ballad "Amar Así" (Love This Way) written by Lynda herself, was scheduled to be the last official single of her album, but, it never had an official release, despite, the mid-tempo ballad obtained a moderate airplay on the radio; the song was one of the most personal for Lynda and talks about an impossible and unrequited love, for this song, Lynda wrote about the bad situation she was going through at the time, one of the reasons she fell into depression and decided to retire; "Amar Así" had no video and never was performed live, it became one of the last songs by Lynda played on the radio, shortly before she suddenly left the music scene and public life.

A new world music-alternative rock album in English-language by Lynda, which had already been finished,[5] was originally scheduled for release in 2003 for the English-speaking and international markets, the album was announced by Lynda herself repeatedly, during the first half of 2003, it also was to be released in Spanish-language version, but due to disagreements with her record label, personal problems and her retirement, the album never was released.[13][6][84][15]

2002-present: Retirement, legacy and influence on other artists[edit]

Press has been speculating about the hiatus of Thomas since the early 2000s from the media, after recording her unreleased album in English-language.[5][45] In early 2002, at the time that her last single "Para Tí" was released, Lynda Thomas stated that she was happy, with intentions of reaching the whole world with her music and her messages of social and ecological awareness, she said "I don't want to be remembered for scandals, love affairs or the money I make or spend", but she also stated: "Sometimes, I want to drop everything and send it to the hell and go to a desert island to live with whales or get a job at a zoo in Africa and never again see the TV news or reopen a newspaper". Later time, Lynda left the music scene without any notice. Since her retirement, false information about her eating disorders, residence, personal life and death has been published.[20][45][100][101]

Also in 2002, EMI was giving poor support to Thomas's career, the label was fully focused on new singers from musical reality shows such as La Academia (first Generation) or Operación Triunfo.[18] Lynda also said she hates stereotyped singers and new singers who only sells her body image, scandalous behaviours and misplaced statements.[13][14][102]

In 2002, she retired temporarily to begin recording her new world music album in English language, it was completely finished in early 2003; but in that year, she left the music scene, due to personal and legal problems with her label EMI MUSIC, Lynda had to pay an unknown amount of money to break free from her contract, because she had a deal for three more albums. She later continued her life as a song-writer, producer and devoted herself to charity work and animal protecting.[13][20][103]

She obtained success recognition and success in IberoAmerica and Continental Europe during the 1990s and the early 2000s,[4][9] even years before the debut of similar later teen pop idols such as Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, P!nk or Avril Lavigne and later alternative rock idols such as The Strokes, The White Stripes, Linkin Park or Coldplay. Lynda Thomas paved the path and has been a musical reference for later Latin teen idols such as Belinda Peregrín, Paty Cantú and Diego Boneta.[9][104][105][106] [107][34] Others singers and groups are Jeans, Natasha Dupeyrón, Natalia Lafourcade, Ellas Tres, Maite Perroni, Nina, Eiza González, Anahí, Irán Castillo, Gloria Aura, Paulina Goto, Dulce María, Daniela Luján, Danna Paola, Myriam Montemayor, Litzy Domínguez and Ximena Sariñana.[16][108][109]

Career as song-writer and producer[edit]

After the release and promotion of her fourth album, Lynda Thomas took a long hiatus from the music arena, she started writing and producing songs for the globally successful teen pop band RBD, which was composed of the six lead actors from the teen series Rebelde.[110]

She also wrote musical themes for many other Soap operas, including the teen drama Clase 406 with the songs "Jamas", "Vete" and "Jeroglifico" among others.[13]

Meanwhile, according to "Rebelde" the official magazine for RBD, Lynda worked in the first five albums of the band, she also wrote the songs "No pares" (which won the Latin Song of the Year of the Orgullosamente Latino Awards), El Mundo Detrás and Me Voy among others and directed the gospel chorus that was part of 4 songs that were included in the 2006 album Live in Hollywood. She also provided the studio vocals for several songs of the band, and according with the journalist Horacio Villalobos and other press publications, she provided the original lead studio voice for many hits of RBD, including the Ibero-American number one hit "Sálvame" (2004), under the uncredited pseudonym "Polen Thomas".

"Sálvame" was originally written and recorded in 2002 for the 2003 Lynda Thomas album (Spanish language version), but due to her retirement, the song was re-recorded for the 2004 RBD debut album, becoming a number one hit all over IberoAmerica in 2005 including Brazil, Argentina and Spain. The successful ballad was written anonymously by Lynda herself alongside her close friend Max DiCarlo and produced by Lara. In fact, most of RBD singles were originally Lynda Thomas songs, but these were never released.[111] Afterwards, she continued her career as composer, manager and producer of many other artists such as the teen-bands Eme 15, Uff! or Kudai among others.[16][112]

Personal life, eating disorders and charity work[edit]

Lynda has been working on environmental sustainable development projects and she has said that she hates addictions to drugs or alcohol, environmental pollution and singers who are a product of marketing and scandals in media.[12][37][113] Since her public absence, Lynda has been participating anonymously in projects about poverty, animal rescuing and other global problems. She alongside Greenpeace helped to create a Whale Sanctuary on the Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, against illegal hunting, contamination and industrial waste.[29][8][114]

During the late 90s and early 2000s, Lynda suffered from Bulimia, subsequently, she declared to the Chilean and Argentinean press: "I didn't want to realize what I was suffering, this disease caused me several damages; Lynda claimed she lost large amounts of hair; she said "Weight became an obsession for me, I was wrong" "I'm now under medical treatment and working on my self-esteem, with the help of my family and close friends." Actually, in her hit single "A Mil Por Hora", she talks about this disease.[6][45][113][114][115][116]

Ibero-American Press has had speculated without reliable sources and unfounded about her personal life. Press has been publishing false information about she actually died in the mid 2000s, anorexia, residence or relationships. Since 2003 to 2013, she only has appeared one time in public life, to clarify such media speculation; it happened in January 2005; Also, since 2003, it has been speculated about her musical return to the stages, but until 2013, never happened.[45][108][117][118]

Discography as a singer[edit]

Albums[edit]

Singles[edit]

Debut Vinyl Single

  • 1989: Cantemos Juntos

Lynda

  • 1995: Inseparables (In Alto Mare)
  • 1996: Gira Que Gira
  • 1996: Sólo Contigo
  • 1996: Muriendo Por Él
  • 1996: Chicos
  • 1996: Blue Jeans
  • 1996: Ya No Hay
  • 1996: El Amor No Tiene Edad

Un grito en el corazón

  • 1997: Dile
  • 1997: Tanto, Tanto
  • 1997: Corazón
  • 1997: No Puedo No Quiero
  • 1997: Sálvame
  • 1998: Bang Bang
  • 1998: Bailando
  • 1998: Un Grito En El Corazón

Mi Día de la Independencia

  • 1999: No Quiero Verte
  • 1999: Maldita Timidez
  • 1999: Vivir Sin Él
  • 1999: Mi Día De La Independencia
  • 1999: Con el Alma en la Piel
  • 1999: Corazón Perdido
  • 2000: Ahí Estare
  • 2000: Voy A Seguir

Mi Día de la Independencia Edición Especial

Polen

  • 2001: Lo Mejor De Mi
  • 2001: Polen (Todas Las Mujeres)
  • 2001: Estoy Viva
  • 2001: Ay, ay, ay
  • 2001: En El Anden
  • 2002: Mala Leche
  • 2002: Para Tí
  • 2002: Amar Así (Unofficial, airplay only)

Other singles and EPs[edit]

  • 1990: Los Triunfadores De Fantasía Musical (Compilation only)
  • 1996: Blue Jeans (Radio Edit Mix)
  • 1996: El Amor No Tiene Edad (Remix)
  • 1997: Lo Que Daría Por Un Mundo Feliz (Children's Day official theme, alongside other singers)
  • 1997: Jingle Bells (Compilation only)
  • 1997: Estas Navidades (Christmas theme, alongside other singers)
  • 1998: El Pescador (Pope John Paul II theme, alongside other singers)
  • 2000: A 1000 X Hora (Extended Play)

Official Music Videos[edit]

Year Title Director
1996 "Gira Que Gira" Benny Corral
1996 "Blue Jeans" Edmon Williams
1996 "El Amor No Tiene Edad" Patty Juárez
1997 "Dile"
1997 "Corazón"
1999 "No Quiero Verte" Pitipol Ybarra
1999 "Maldita Timidez " Felipe Gómez
1999 "Corazón Perdido" Nunca Pepe
2000 "A Mil Por Hora" Pedro Damián
2001 "Lo Mejor De Mi" Pedro Damián
2002 "Mala Leche" Scegami Brothers

Other Music Videos[edit]

Year Title Notes
1997 "Por Un Mundo Feliz" Children's Day Official theme, alongside other artists
1997 "Estas Navidades" Christmas song, alongside other artists
1998 "El Pescador" Pope John Paul II theme, alongside other artists

Discography as a songwriter, record producer and backup vocals[edit]

- (Not including uncredited work)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lynda". IMDB Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Lynda Artist Biography by Drago Bonacich - Credits". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  3. ^ "Lynda" (in spanish). lastfm.es. Retrieved 2013-10-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d "The EuroDance Encyclopaedia-Lynda Thomas(Mexico)-EuroDance Group". eurokdj.com. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Debutará Lynda como cantante en inglés" (in spanish). esmas.com. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Lynda sigue luchando contra la Bulimia". El Universal (Mexico) (in spanish). 2000-10-26. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  7. ^ a b "LYNDA THOMAS BIOGRAPHY". in.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  8. ^ a b "Hemeroteca - Universidad de Colima". Diario de Colima (in spanish). 200-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Lynda realiza su internacionalización" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Lynda evolución Mi día de la independencia" (in spanish). Notimex. 1999-05-14. Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  11. ^ a b c "Lynda: Una artista con futuro" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Mi día de la independencia" (in spanish). critica.com.pa. Retrieved 2013-07-25. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "CHAT CON LYNDA EN UNIVISIÓN" (in spanish). lyndaplanet.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-08-30. 
  14. ^ a b c "LYNDA: Se niega a girar" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  15. ^ a b c "Univisión 2003" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  16. ^ a b c "EME-15 permanece con su disco homónimo en el primer lugar de ventas" (in spanish). informador.com.mx. 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2014-01-29. 
  17. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/lynda-mn0000166398
  18. ^ a b c "LYNDA, DE CANTANTE JUVENIL A ACTIVISTA DEFENSORA DE LA MUJER". La Jornada (in spanish). 2001-11-25. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  19. ^ a b "Lynda en pro de las mujeres" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "Lynda Aguirre Thomas" (in spanish). lamusicanet.tripod.com. Retrieved 2013-09-13. 
  21. ^ "Mexicana Lynda se dejará caer el próximo 15 de abril" (in spanish). lacuarta.com (Prensa de Chile). 2002-04-07. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  22. ^ "Sociedad de Autores y Compositores de México - Consulta de Repertorio" (in spanish). sacm.org.mx. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  23. ^ "Biografia Oficial" (in spanish). wanadoo.es. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  24. ^ "ALISSA ROSANGEL, VUELVE EL SOL A BRILLAR". NME. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  25. ^ a b "Lynda-Entrevistada por Kuno Becker para la revista ERES" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  26. ^ a b c "Lynda: una chica pop que se expande" (in spanish). mercuriovalpo.cl. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  27. ^ http://www.mtv.com/artists/lynda/
  28. ^ "Biografia Oficial de Lynda" (in spanish). vh1la.com. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  29. ^ a b c "Charla con Lynda" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  30. ^ a b "BIOGRAFÍA DE LYNDA" (in spanish). yes.fm. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  31. ^ "Lynda: en el show de "Cositas"" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-10-23. 
  32. ^ "Lynda "El Show de Cositas"" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-10-23. 
  33. ^ a b "Similar music-artists like Lynda Thomas". similarkind.com. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  34. ^ a b "Ellas y el pop dance de los 90" (in spanish). filmeweb.net. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  35. ^ "Lynda - Chicos - single Release date : 1996". eurokdj.com. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  36. ^ "En voz baja(1997)" (in spanish). nacion.com. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  37. ^ a b http://www.blackandblanco.net/images/A8_195-1-AGOSTO-1996.JPG
  38. ^ "Lynda-Portal Argentina" (in spanish). cmtv.com.ar. Retrieved 2013-07-25. 
  39. ^ a b c "Curiosidades" (in spanish). lyndaplanet.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  40. ^ "Rivalidad-Fey-Lynda-cantante-mexicana". amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  41. ^ "Crecí en los 90" (in spanish). estoespurpura.com. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  42. ^ "Moda - Los Looks jamas regresaran" (in spanish). esmas.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  43. ^ "El Mono viste a la moda" (in spanish). periodicocentral.mx. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  44. ^ "8 Mejores artistas "Pop" de los 90′s" (in spanish). laprimeraplana.com.mx. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  45. ^ a b c d e "A Lynda le indigna que la "maten"". El Siglo de Torreón (in spanish). 2005-01-13. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  46. ^ a b "Desfile y concierto "Por un mundo feliz" 1997 - Lynda: Por un mundo feliz" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  47. ^ "Ser niño en los 90's versión México-22 cosas que se popularizaron en la década de los noventas" (in spanish). sandiegored.com. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  48. ^ "Musica de lo noventas" (in spanish). univision.com. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  49. ^ "Lynda - Corazón". eurokdj.com. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  50. ^ "Con esta Joya Musical recordaremos siempre su don de gente y su glorioso aporte a los Combos Nacionales. Se lo recomendamos" (in spanish). http://portal.critica.com.pa. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 
  51. ^ http://www.lastfm.es/music/Onda+Vaselina/Entrega+Total
  52. ^ "Lynda, Onda Vaselina, Iran Castillo, Jeans, Kairo y Sentidos Opuestos.". firstpost.com. Retrieved 2013-12-23. 
  53. ^ "Lynda - Jingle Bells". eurokdj.com. Retrieved 2014-01-07. 
  54. ^ "Lynda - Bailando - single Release date : 1997". eurokdj.com. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  55. ^ "Lynda contribuye a varias causas humanitarias Lynda: artista con responsabilidad" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  56. ^ "Contiene 14 temas; participan siete disqueras". La Jornada UNAM (in spanish). 1998-10-26. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  57. ^ "BOHEMIA 10 EL ROSTRO DEL AUTOR" (in spanish). formula-romantica.com. 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  58. ^ a b "Lynda - Mi Dia de la Independencia Review by Drago Bonacich - Overview". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  59. ^ "Mi Día de la Independencia - Lynda". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 2014-08-11. 
  60. ^ "Agencia Notimex Lynda opina" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-09. 
  61. ^ "Lynda cambio hasta de casa" (in spanish). elsalvador.com. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  62. ^ "Mi Dia de la Independencia" (in spanish). iheart.com. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  63. ^ a b "Festival Histórico de Viña del Mar - Lynda, No quiero verte, Festival de Viña 2001" (in spanish). festivaldevinadelmar. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  64. ^ "El último Girados: Festival Viña del Mar". Viña Del Mar official site (in spanish). anatorroja.net. 2001-02-03. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  65. ^ "LYNDA-MALDITA TIMIDEZ ( 2 VERSIONES )" (in spanish). ebay.es. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  66. ^ a b "Mis XV" (in spanish). radioformula.com.mx. 2011-12-30. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  67. ^ "Lynda - Vivir Sin El". eurokdj.com. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  68. ^ "Vivir sin él" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-30. 
  69. ^ "Lynda en "Al fin de semana"" (in spanish). angelfire.com. 1999-07-05. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  70. ^ "Lynda promociona MDI el día 5 de Julio - Lynda: en el programa "HOY"" (in spanish). angelfire.com. 1999-07-05. Retrieved 2013-12-09. 
  71. ^ "Prepara Lynda su internacionalización" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  72. ^ "Prensa 2001". El Universal (in spanish). luismiguelsite.com. 2001-01-16. Retrieved 2014-02-28. 
  73. ^ a b "Lynda - Corazon Perdido [Acustico Much Music] video". NME. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  74. ^ "UN DIA COMO HOY NACE LEONEL GARCIA" (in spanish). formula-romantica.com. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  75. ^ "Lynda - Argentina - Voy A Seguir" (in spanish). cmtv.com.ar. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  76. ^ "Lynda y su presentación en Viña del Mar". La Cuarta - Prensa de Chile (in spanish). angelfire.com. 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  77. ^ "Primer Amor Semana 20" (in spanish). primeramor.net. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  78. ^ "Primer amor... a mil por hora, remake de Quinceañera" (in spanish). kidzworldespanol.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  79. ^ "Otro Rollo by EMI International". barnesandnoble.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  80. ^ a b "Lynda realiza una gira muy exitosa por Sudamerica". El Universal (in spanish). 2000-12-29. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  81. ^ http://lyndaplanet.angelfire.com/fotos_armani.html
  82. ^ "Lynda describe el concepto detras del titulo de su nuevo disco (Notimex-TV Azteca)" (in spanish). angelfire.com. 2001-09-21. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  83. ^ "LO NUEVO ¡¡" (in spanish). galeon.com. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  84. ^ a b "Biografia" (in spanish). gocites.ws. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  85. ^ "Lynda-Polen" (in spanish). Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  86. ^ "Polen (Todas Las Mujeres)" (in spanish). ritmic.com. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
  87. ^ "Cantante Lynda presenta nuevo disco" (in spanish). airwolf.lmtonline.com/. 2001-11-02. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  88. ^ "Lynda dará a conocer el 9 de septiembre 'Polen', álbum en el que muestra su evolución como artista". Diario Reforma (in spanish). 2001-09-02. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  89. ^ "Kids Choice Awards: No es cosa de niños" (in spanish). mtv.com. 2001-05-24. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  90. ^ "Allmusic: Lynda - Polen". Allmusic. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  91. ^ "El Polen impregna a Lynda" (in spanish). lyndaplanet.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  92. ^ "La Pagina de Lynda" (in spanish). geocities.ws. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  93. ^ "Obra de Pablo Neruda" (in spanish). neruda.uchile.cl University of Chile. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  94. ^ "Lynda causó sensación en la ciudad de México" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  95. ^ "Polen" (in spanish). mx.livra.com/. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
  96. ^ "Graba video de 'Mala Leche'". El Norte (Monterrey) (in spanish). 2002-03-06. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  97. ^ "Intérprete mexicana Lynda sacó pecho y confesó: "La bulimia me provocó mucho daño"" (in spanish). lacuarta.com. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  98. ^ "Noticias de Lynda [2002]" (in spanish). lyndaplanet.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  99. ^ "Arranca el Concierto EXA" (in spanish). esmas.com. 2002-05-25. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  100. ^ "Lynda, indignada con su supuesta muerte" (in spanish). orizabaenred.com.mx. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  101. ^ "Lynda: en sus propias palabras" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  102. ^ "Firma Myriam contrato con disquera" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. Retrieved 2013-12-30. 
  103. ^ "Una mamá muy Lynda". Diario Basta! (in spanish). Retrieved 2013-08-30. 
  104. ^ "Dejan huella en la música". El Siglo de Torreón (in spanish). 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  105. ^ "Los 7 famosos que se fueron sin decir adiós-Cantantes que se retiraron de los escenarios musicales". Diario Basta (in spanish). 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  106. ^ "OCESA Seitrack - Agencia Artistica" (in spanish). seitrack.mx/. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  107. ^ "Efemérides nacionales". El Universal (in Spanish). 21 December 2006. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  108. ^ a b http://www.eymard7vivas.com/2011/07/regresa-la-cantante-lynda-en-septiembre.html
  109. ^ "Biografía de Belinda" (in spanish). coveralia.com. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  110. ^ "RBD faz "Tour Empezar Desde Cero -Brasil 2008"". Correio de Ublerlandia (in Portuguese). 11 May 208. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  111. ^ "Rebelde - Live Brasilia". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  112. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/eme-15-mw0002406910
  113. ^ a b "Lynda y la Bulimia" (in spanish). angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  114. ^ a b http://www.angelfire.com/ne/album/greenpeace.html
  115. ^ "La bulimia me provocó mucho daño" (in spanish). lacuarta.com. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  116. ^ "Patologías que matan por remordimiento" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  117. ^ "Lynda 'no está muerta'" (in spanish). terra.com.mx. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  118. ^ "Lynda y Carlos Lara desmienten rumores" (in spanish). lyndaplanet.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 

External links[edit]