Lyndeborough, New Hampshire
|Lyndeborough, New Hampshire|
1846 Town Hall
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||Fred Douglas, Chair
Arnold A. Byam III
Lee F. Mayhew
|• Total||30.5 sq mi (79.1 km2)|
|• Land||30.4 sq mi (78.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) 0.38%|
|Elevation||883 ft (269 m)|
|• Density||55/sq mi (21/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873655|
Originally granted by the Massachusetts General Court to veterans of New England's first war with Canada from Salem, Massachusetts, the area was known as Salem-Canada. John Cram and his family were the first settlers, and established a sawmill in the community in 1736. The name Lyndeborough resulted from a re-grant to a group of people that included Benjamin Lynde, who later became Chief Justice of Massachusetts. This group of proprietors never lived in Lyndeborough and may never have visited the community. For instance, while serving as a proprietor of Lyndeborough, Judge Lynde lived in Massachusetts, where he presided in Suffolk County over the trial stemming from the Boston Massacre.
The town has been home to the Lafayette Artillery Company (founded 1804) since 1833. The town office building, Citizens' Hall (opened 1889), is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Lyndeborough Center Historic District, which consists of the Congregational Church (circa 1836), Town Hall (1846), and remnants of the Town Pound (1774).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.5 square miles (79 km2), of which 30.4 square miles (79 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.38% of the town. The highest point in Lyndeborough is just shy of 1,800 feet (550 m) above sea level, where the east ridge of North Pack Monadnock Mountain crosses the town's western border. Notable summits in town include Winn Mountain (1,686 ft or 514 m), Rose Mountain (1,730 ft or 530 m), and The Pinnacle (1,703 ft or 519 m).
Lyndeborough is bordered by Greenfield to the northwest, Francestown to the north, New Boston to the northeast, Mont Vernon to the east, Milford to the southeast, Wilton to the south, and Temple to the southwest.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,585 people, 560 households, and 420 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.0 people per square mile (19.7/km²). There were 587 housing units at an average density of 18.9 per square mile (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.17% White, 0.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.
There were 560 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $59,688, and the median income for a family was $70,223. Males had a median income of $37,941 versus $29,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,169. About 1.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Citizens' Hall
- Hartshorn Memorial Cannon
- Lafayette Artillery Company
- Lyndeborough Center Historic District
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Profile Bureau
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 562.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) – Lyndeborough town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town of Lyndeborough official website
- J. A. Tarbell Library
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
- Town of Wilton Ambulance website