Lyneham, Oxfordshire

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Lyneham
Lyneham High Street - geograph.org.uk - 1232271.jpg
Lyneham is located in Oxfordshire
Lyneham
Lyneham
 Lyneham shown within Oxfordshire
Population 153 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP2309
Civil parish Lyneham
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°53′02″N 1°35′42″W / 51.884°N 1.595°W / 51.884; -1.595

Lyneham is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. It is bounded to the southwest by the River Evenlode, to the southeast by the A361 road linking Chipping Norton and Burford, and on other sides by field boundaries. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 153.[1]

History[edit]

Lyneham Camp or The Roundabout is a former Iron Age hill fort about 1 12 miles (2.4 km) northeast of the village beside the A361 road. It was excavated in 1956.[2] About 250 yards southwest of the hill fort is Lyneham Longbarrow, which was excavated in 1894. The barrow is of Cotswold-Severn type[3] and contains two chambers. Northwest of the barrow is a standing stone that it is believed was originally part of the barrow.[2]

Lyneham was a chapelry of the Church of England parish of St Mary, Shipton-under-Wychwood[4] until 1895. It was then transferred to the parish of SS Simon and Jude, Milton-under-Wychwood. The church of St Michael and All Angels was built in Lyneham in 1907. It was a timber-framed building with a corrugated iron exterior, colloquially called a "tin tabernacle". It ceased to be used for worship early in the 1970s and was demolished in 1975.[5]

In the 19th century the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway was built through the south of the parish along the Evenlode valley. The line was authorised in 1845 and completed in 1853. This part of the OW&W Railway is now the Cotswold Line. Its nearest station is Shipton, about 1 12 miles (2.4 km) south of Lyneham by road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Lyneham (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Site Name: Lyneham". Oxfordshire's Historic Archives. Ashmolean Museum. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Benson & Whittle 2007[page needed]
  4. ^ Greenaway 1991, p. 97.
  5. ^ "Lyneham". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Lyneham, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons