Lyngngam is an Austroasiatic language of Northeast India. Once listed as a dialect of Khasi, Lyngngam has in recent literature been classified as a distinct language which shares a common heritage with Standard Khasi.
The following table lists the consonants attested in Lyngngam.
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal /m/ /n/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/ Stop voiceless /p/ /t/ /c/ /k/ /ʔ/ aspirated /pʰ/ /tʰ/ /cʰ/ /kʰ/ voiced /b/ /d/ /ɟ/ /ɡ/ Voiceless fricative /s/ /h/ Liquid /l, r/ Glide /w/ /j/
The main difference with the Khasi language is that Lyngngam does not possess the voiced aspirated series. Furthermore, Lyngngam does not have the phoneme /ç/. Words which have /ç/ in Khasi typically have /c/ or /s/ in Lyngngam, as in the following pairs of cognates:
Lyngngam Khasi meaning cʔeŋ çʔeŋ bone cɨppʰeu çipʰeu 10 sɲjək çɲiuʔ hair snaːr çnjaʔ chisel
The following table lists the vowel inventory of the language. The only vowels showing a length distinction are /i/ and /a/, in contradistinction to Khasi, where length is distinctive for all vowels.
Words with diphthongs in Khasi have monophthongs in Lyngngam, as in the following pairs of cognates:
Lyngngam Khasi meaning bni bnaːi month ksu ksəu dog mot miet night
- Nagaraja, K.S. (1996). "The status of Lyngngam". Mon–Khmer Studies 26: 37–50. Retrieved 9 March 2014.