Lynn Woolsey

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Lynn Woolsey
Lynn Woolsey Official Portrait.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 6th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Barbara Boxer
Succeeded by Doris Matsui
(redistricted from 5th)
Personal details
Born (1937-11-03) November 3, 1937 (age 76)
Seattle, Washington
Political party Democratic
Residence Petaluma, California
Alma mater University of San Francisco
Occupation Human resources manager, college professor
Religion Presbyterian

Lynn C. Woolsey (born November 3, 1937) is a former U.S. Representative for California's 6th congressional district, serving from 1993 to 2013. She is a member of the Democratic Party. The district she represented included all of Marin County and most of Sonoma County. She was a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, and was its co-chair from 2010 until her retirement in 2013. Woolsey, who described herself as "the first former welfare mother to serve in Congress,"[1] was one of two members of the House to have been on welfare; the other is Congresswoman Gwen Moore (D-WI).[2]

On June 28, 2011, Woolsey announced that she would not run for re-election in the 2012 election.[3]

Early life, education and career[edit]

Woolsey was born in Seattle, Washington. She was educated at the University of Washington, where she became a member of Alpha Phi sorority, and at the University of San Francisco. She later became a human resources manager and personnel service owner, a teacher at the College of Marin and the Dominican University of California, and a member of the Petaluma, California, City Council before entering the House.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Political campaigns[edit]

In 1992, five-term Congresswoman Barbara Boxer gave up her seat to make a successful run for the Senate. Woolsey entered a nine-way Democratic primary. Seven of her opponents lived in Marin County and split that county's vote, allowing Woolsey to win the nomination with only 26 percent of the vote. In the general election, she faced Republican Assemblyman Bill Filante, who was diagnosed with a brain tumor and did not actively campaign. Woolsey won with 65 percent of the vote.[4]

Woolsey was reelected eight times with no substantial opposition.

Tenure[edit]

Woolsey was ranked as the most liberal member of Congress in 2012 by That's My Congress.[5]

Iraq

Woolsey was an outspoken opponent of the War in Iraq. On October 10, 2002, she was among 133 members of the House who voted against authorizing the invasion of Iraq.[6] She has taken an active role in calling for U.S. troops to be withdrawn from that country. She led 15 members of Congress in writing a letter to President George W. Bush dated January 12, 2005, calling for U.S. troops to be withdrawn from Iraq.[7] She also was the first Member of Congress to call for a troop withdrawal, when she introduced H.Con. Res. 35 on January 26, 2005. Woolsey gave war protestor Cindy Sheehan a guest pass to attend Bush's 2006 State of the Union speech. Sheehan's attendance at the speech became noted when she was arrested for wearing a T-shirt with a political message.[8]

Indian gaming

Woolsey introduced the Graton Rancheria Restoration Act on August 6, 1998.[9] It was signed by President Clinton as Title XIV of the Omnibus Indian Advancement Act in December 2000.

Woolsey testified in support of H.R. 946, citing her approval for the clause restricting gaming on land that is "taken into trust for the tribes."[10]

Woolsey's original bill (H.R. 4434, later H.R. 946) would not have permitted the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria to have an Indian casino. Senator Barbara Boxer removed that prohibition when she included Woolsey's bill in the Omnibus Act.

Now the tribe and Station Casinos of Las Vegas, Nevada, propose to build large hotels and casino complex in Sonoma County, California, near Rohnert Park.

In response, Woolsey introduced H.R. 2656 (which never left the House Resources Committee) and appeared frequently at local town-hall meetings, saying that the Miwok Indians double-crossed her by seeking to legalize gambling on their reservation.[11]

Scouting for All Act

In September 2000, Woolsey sponsored H.R. 4892, the Scouting for All Act, to revoke the charter held by the Boy Scouts of America.[12]

Recognition of Ramadan

On December 11, 2007, Woolsey, along with 8 other Democrats, voted ‘nay’ on a resolution to recognize the importance of "Christmas and the Christian faith" but did vote to "recognize the commencement of Ramadan",’ a Muslim religious observance in October.[13]

Vote recount

Woolsey was one of the 31 House members who voted not to count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 preseidential election.[14]

Health care

Woolsey introduced a bill to revive the public option on July 22, 2010.[15] The Congressional Budget Office projected that the legislation would save $68 billion between 2014 and 2020.[16]

She was strongly critical of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which prevents private health insurance plans from covering abortion if the plan is subsidized by tax breaks in the context of the November 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act.[17]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Controversies[edit]

Darfur protest arrest[edit]

Woolsey was arrested April 27, 2009, outside the embassy of Sudan in Washington, D.C., during a protest against genocide in Darfur.[18] Woolsey and four other U.S. lawmakers were protesting the blocking of aid to victims. They were arrested on a charge of trespassing after they crossed a police line.

Other Democratic House members arrested were Jim McGovern, Donna Edwards, Keith Ellison and John Lewis.

Stewart Pearson letter[edit]

On December 2, 2003, Woolsey wrote a letter on behalf of Stewart Pearson, the son of one of her senior aides, who had pleaded guilty to rape. In a letter written on her official congressional stationery, she asked the judge to consider mitigating circumstances and show leniency.[19] The judge in the case was not swayed by the letter, and sentenced Pearson to eight years in prison, the maximum allowed under the plea bargain. Woolsey has apologized for writing the letter, saying she did not know all the facts; the victim did not accept her apology.[20]

Electoral history[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey 190,322 65.2%
Republican Bill Filante 98,171 33.6%
No party Write-in 3,293 1.1%
Totals 291,786 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 137,642 58.1%
Republican Michael J. Nugent 88,940 37.5%
Libertarian Louis Beary 6,203 2.6%
Peace and Freedom Ernest K. Jones, Jr. 4,055 1.7%
Totals 236,840 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 156,958 61.6%
Republican Duane C. Hughes 86,278 33.8%
Peace and Freedom Ernest K. Jones, Jr. 6,459 2.5%
Natural Law Bruce Kendall 5,240 2.1%
Totals 254,935 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 158,446 68.0%
Republican Ken McAuliffe 69,295 29.7%
Natural Law Alan R. Barreca 5,240 2.2%
Totals 232,981 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 182,166 64.3%
Republican Ken McAuliffe 80,169 28.3%
Green Justin Moscoso 13,248 4.7%
Libertarian Richard O. Barton 4,691 1.9%
Natural Law Alan R. Barreca 2,894 1.1%
Totals 283,118 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 139,750 66.7%
Republican Paul L. Erickson 62,052 29.7%
Libertarian Richard O. Barton 4,936 2.3%
Reform Jeff Rainforth 2,825 1.3%
Totals 209,563 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 226,423 72.7%
Republican Paul L. Erickson 85,244 27.3%
Totals 311,667 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 173,190 70.3%
Republican Todd Hooper 64,405 26.1%
Libertarian Richard W. Friesen 9,028 3.6%
Totals 246,623 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 229,672 71.7%
Republican Mike Halliwell 77,073 24.1%
Libertarian Joel R. Smolen 13,617 4.2%
Totals 320,362 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lynn Woolsey (incumbent) 172,216 66.0%
Republican Jim Judd 77,361 29.7%
Peace and Freedom Eugene F. Ruyle 5,915 2.2%
Libertarian Joel R. Smolen 5,660 2.1%
Totals 261,152 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey: Biography". woolsey.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4274341
  3. ^ CNN Wire Staff (June 27, 2011). "California Democrat will not seek re-election to Congress". CNN. 
  4. ^ "Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D)". The National Journal Almanac. The National Journal. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  5. ^ http://thatsmycongress.com/house/
  6. ^ "H J RES 114: To Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq". clerk.house.gov. October 10, 2002. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ Epstein, Edward (January 13, 2005). "16 Dems Urge Bush to Start Pullout from Iraq". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ "CNN.com - Activist Sheehan arrested in House gallery - Feb 1, 2006". CNN. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  9. ^ "H.R.4434 -- Graton Rancheria Restoration Act". The Library of Congress. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Hearing on H.R.946, H.R.2671, and H.R.4148". Commdocs.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  11. ^ Sen. Boxer ambushes Woolsey, adds casino rights for Miwok[dead link]
  12. ^ Bill Text 106th Congress (1999-2000) H.R.4892.IH
  13. ^ [1],Ramadan "Yea", Christmas "Nay" 12 December 2007, Town Hall
  14. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 7: On Agreeing to the Objection". clerk.house.gov. January 6, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ Levey, Noam N. (July 21, 2010). "Proposed deficit remedy: the healthcare 'public option'". The Los Angeles Times. 
  17. ^ Gilbert, Kathleen (November 9, 2009). "Senior Democrat "Confident" Stupak Amendment Will Perish in Later Bill Version". LifeSiteNews.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  18. ^ "U.S. lawmakers arrested in Darfur protest at Sudan embassy". CNN. April 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  19. ^ Gollan, Jennifer (February 7, 2004). "Woolsey's pitch for rapist questioned". The Marin Independent Journal. 
  20. ^ Gollan, Jennifer (February 15, 2004). "Teen victim rejects Woolsey's apology". The Marin Independent Journal. 
  21. ^ "1992 election results". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  22. ^ "1994 election results". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  23. ^ "1996 election results". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  24. ^ "1998 election results". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  25. ^ "2000 election results". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  26. ^ 2002 election results[dead link]
  27. ^ 2004 election results[dead link]
  28. ^ "2006 election results" (PDF). sos.ca.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  29. ^ "2008 election results". sos.ca.gov. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Articles
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Barbara Boxer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 6th congressional district

1993–Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mel Watt
D-North Carolina
United States Representatives by seniority
94th
Succeeded by
Bennie Thompson
D-Mississippi