|Company / developer||LynuxWorks|
|OS family||Unix-like real-time operating system|
|Source model||Closed source|
|Latest stable release||5.0 / April 3, 2007|
|Marketing target||Embedded systems|
|Available programming languages(s)||Ada, C, C++|
|Supported platforms||Motorola 68010, Intel 80386, ARM architecture, PowerPC|
|Kernel type||Dynamic Extendable|
|Default user interface||Command line interface|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2010)|
The LynxOS RTOS is a Unix-like real-time operating system from LynuxWorks (formerly "Lynx Real-Time Systems"). Sometimes known as the Lynx Operating System, LynxOS features full POSIX conformance and, more recently, Linux compatibility. LynxOS is mostly used in real-time embedded systems, in applications for avionics, aerospace, the military, industrial process control and telecommunications.
The first versions of LynxOS were written in 1986 in Dallas, Texas, by Mitchell Bunnell and targeted at a custom-built Motorola 68010-based computer. The first platform LynxOS ever ran on was an Atari 1040ST with cross development done on an Integrated Solutions UNIX machine. In 1988-1989, LynxOS was ported to the Intel 80386 architecture. Around 1989, ABI compatibility with System V.3 was added. Compatibility with other operating systems, including Linux, followed.
Full Memory Management Unit support has been included in the kernel since 1989, for the reliability of protected memory and the performance advantages of virtual addresses. ARM and PowerPC architectures are also supported.
LynxOS components are designed for absolute determinism (hard real-time performance), which means that they respond within a known period of time. Predictable response times are ensured even in the presence of heavy I/O due to the kernel's unique threading model, which allows interrupt routines to be extremely short and fast.
LynuxWorks holds a patent on the technology that LynxOS uses to maintain hard real-time performance. U.S. Patent 5,469,571 was granted to LynuxWorks November 21, 1995: "Operating System Architecture using Multiple Priority Light Weight kernel Task-based Interrupt Handling."
In 2003, LynuxWorks introduced a specialized version of LynxOS called LynxOS-178, especially for use in avionics applications that require certification to industry standards such as DO-178B.
The Usenet newsgroup comp.os.lynx is devoted to discussion of LynxOS.
- LynuxWorks real-time operating systems (RTOS)
- Patent #5,469,571: LynuxWorks' "Operating System Architecture using Multiple Priority Light Weight kernel Task-based Interrupt Handling."
- Whitepaper: Using the Microprocessor MMU for Software Protection in Real-Time Systems
- Applications using LynxOS and other LynuxWorks operating systems