Cathédrale Saint Jean-Baptiste
|St. John's Cathedral of Lyon|
Cathédrale Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Lyon (English: St. John the Baptist's Cathedral in Lyon) is a Roman Catholic cathedral near the Saone river in Lyon, France, and is the seat of the Archbishop of Lyon.
It was founded by Saint Pothinus and Saint Irenaeus, the first two bishops of Lyon. The cathedral is also known as a "Primatiale" because in 1079 the Pope granted to the archbishop of Lyon the title of Primate of All the Gauls with the legal supremacy over the principal archbishops of the kingdom. It is located in the heart of the old town (Vieux Lyon), less than five minutes away from the banks of the Saone river, with a large plaza in front of it and a metro stop nearby providing easy access to and from the city center.
Begun in the twelfth century on the ruins of a 6th-century church, it was completed in 1476. The building is 80 metres long (internally), 20 metres wide at the choir, and 32.5 metres high in the nave. The cathedral organ was built by Daublaine and Callinet and was installed in 1841 at the end of the apse and had 15 stops. It was rebuilt in 1875 by Merklin-Schütze and given 30 stops, three keyboards of 54 notes and pedals for 27.
Noteworthy are the two crosses to right and left of the altar, preserved since the council of 1274 as a symbol of the union of the churches, and the Bourbon chapel, built by the Cardinal de Bourbon and his brother Pierre de Bourbon, son-in-law of Louis XI, a masterpiece of 15th century sculpture.
The cathedral also has the Lyon Astronomical Clock from the 14th century.
Until the construction of the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, it was the pre-eminent church in Lyon.
Organists in residence
- Edouard Commette - most of the first half of the 20th century.
front elevation of the Cathedral by night during Festival of Lights (Lyon)
Exterior, overlooked by the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière
- Association Cathédrale de Lyon Primatiale Saint John n.d.
- Transportation for the Community of Lyon. "My Journey".
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