Lyon County, Kansas

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Not to be confused with Lyons, Kansas.
Lyon County, Kansas
Lyon county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Lyon County Courthouse in Emporia
Map of Kansas highlighting Lyon County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 5, 1862
Named for Nathaniel Lyon
Seat Emporia
Largest city Emporia
Area
 • Total 855.14 sq mi (2,215 km2)
 • Land 850.87 sq mi (2,204 km2)
 • Water 4.27 sq mi (11 km2), 0.50%
Population
 • (2010) 33,690
 • Density 41.8/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website lyoncounty.org

Coordinates: 38°27′N 96°09′W / 38.450°N 96.150°W / 38.450; -96.150

Lyon County (standard abbreviation: LY) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 33,690.[1] The county seat and largest city is Emporia.[2] The county was named for General Nathaniel Lyon, who was killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in the Civil War.[3]

Lyon County is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Lyon County.[4] In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized. In 1862, Lyon County was founded.

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.[5]

Law and government[edit]

Lyon County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1992.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 855.14 square miles (2,214.8 km2), of which 850.87 square miles (2,203.7 km2) (or 99.50%) is land and 4.27 square miles (11.1 km2) (or 0.50%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 8,014
1880 17,326 116.2%
1890 23,196 33.9%
1900 25,074 8.1%
1910 24,927 −0.6%
1920 26,154 4.9%
1930 29,240 11.8%
1940 26,424 −9.6%
1950 26,576 0.6%
1960 26,928 1.3%
1970 32,071 19.1%
1980 35,108 9.5%
1990 34,732 −1.1%
2000 35,935 3.5%
2010 33,690 −6.2%
Est. 2012 33,748 [8] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 35,935 people, 13,691 households, and 8,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 14,757 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.27% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.79% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 16.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,691 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.20% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,819, and the median income for a family was $43,112. Males had a median income of $28,865 versus $21,338 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,724. About 9.60% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2010 census):

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Lyon County is divided into eleven townships. The city of Emporia is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Agnes City 00525 430 2 (4) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°39′54″N 96°13′50″W / 38.66500°N 96.23056°W / 38.66500; -96.23056
Americus 01700 1,503 7 (17) 225 (87) 1 (0) 0.35% 38°31′12″N 96°16′0″W / 38.52000°N 96.26667°W / 38.52000; -96.26667
Center 11800 1,198 4 (10) 308 (119) 3 (1) 0.82% 38°14′17″N 96°13′13″W / 38.23806°N 96.22028°W / 38.23806; -96.22028
Elmendaro 20687 788 4 (10) 257 (99) 1 (0) 0.31% 38°15′31″N 96°1′8″W / 38.25861°N 96.01889°W / 38.25861; -96.01889
Emporia 21300 907 8 (21) 143 (55) 2 (1) 1.20% 38°23′7″N 96°10′13″W / 38.38528°N 96.17028°W / 38.38528; -96.17028
Fremont 24750 903 5 (12) 184 (71) 1 (0) 0.33% 38°29′35″N 96°9′17″W / 38.49306°N 96.15472°W / 38.49306; -96.15472
Ivy 34700 269 3 (9) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°38′23″N 96°5′25″W / 38.63972°N 96.09028°W / 38.63972; -96.09028
Jackson 34825 979 4 (11) 227 (88) 1 (1) 0.62% 38°23′39″N 96°0′37″W / 38.39417°N 96.01028°W / 38.39417; -96.01028
Pike 55825 1,034 6 (17) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0.35% 38°24′13″N 96°17′39″W / 38.40361°N 96.29417°W / 38.40361; -96.29417
Reading 58625 487 3 (8) 175 (67) 1 (1) 0.79% 38°31′35″N 95°59′56″W / 38.52639°N 95.99889°W / 38.52639; -95.99889
Waterloo 75925 284 2 (5) 154 (59) 1 (0) 0.40% 38°41′32″N 96°0′26″W / 38.69222°N 96.00722°W / 38.69222; -96.00722

People[edit]

Homer Woodson "Bill" Hargiss was an early-adopter of the forward pass in football and is credited with the invention of the huddle.
See List of people from Lyon County, Kansas

R. Lee Ermey was born in Emporia on March 24, 1944. He is a retired United States Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant, Drill Instructor and actor. Ermey is often best known for his roles of authority figures, such as his breakout performance as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman in Full Metal Jacket, Mayor Tilman in the Alan Parker film Mississippi Burning, Bill Bowerman in Prefontaine, Sheriff Hoyt in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre remake, and plastic army men leader Sarge in the Toy Story films.

Homer Woodson Hargiss was an innovative college football coach who regularly used the forward pass and records show that it was used as early as 1910, three years before Knute Rockne began to call the play. He was head coach at both the College of Emporia and Emporia State.[11][12] He is also credited with inventing the huddle.[13]

Jerry Kill is presently the head football coach for the Minnesota Golden Gophers. He has over 100 wins in his career as a head coach, having worked as a head coach through several institutions at the college level.[14]

Dean Smith is a retired American head coach of men's college basketball. Originally from Emporia, Kansas, Smith has been called a “coaching legend” by the Basketball Hall of Fame. Smith is best known for his successful 36-year coaching tenure at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Smith coached from 1961 to 1997 and retired as the NCAA Division I men's basketball record-holder for victories (879), a record which was surpassed by Bob Knight in 2007, Mike Krzyzewski in 2011, and Jim Boeheim in 2012.[15] During his tenure as head coach of North Carolina, the team won two national titles and appeared in 11 Final Fours.[16]

William Allen White was a renowned American newspaper editor, politician, author, and leader of the Progressive movement. Between 1896 and his death White became the iconic spokesman for middle America. He won a 1923 Pulitzer Prize for his editorial "To an Anxious Friend," published July 27, 1922, after being arrested in a dispute over free speech following objections to the way the state of Kansas handled the men who participated in the Great Railroad Strike of 1922.

Education[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Lyon County (map legend)

Unified school districts[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

Further reading[edit]

Lyon County
Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 196. 
  4. ^ 1806 Pike Expedition map through Lyon County.
  5. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  6. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  9. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Emporia Gazzette, 1910 Forward Pass
  12. ^ Definitive use of forward pass and the option pass in 1910 by Bill Hargiss
  13. ^ http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/CFHSN/CFHSNv11/CFHSNv11n2c.pdf#2
  14. ^ DeLassus, David. "Jerry Kill Records by Year (Jerry Kill)". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  15. ^ "NCAA stats". NCAA. NCAA. Archived from the original on 2006-10-08. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  16. ^ "Dean Smith Biography". Hall of Famers. Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Inc. Archived from the original on May 5, 2007. Retrieved 2006-10-29. 

External links[edit]

Official Site
General county information
County Level Data
Maps