Lyon Metro

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Lyon Metro
Lyon tcl logo-metro-full.svg
Overview
Native name Métro de Lyon
Locale Lyon, Rhône-Alpes, France
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 4
Number of stations 40
Daily ridership 740,000 (weekday avg., 2013)
Operation
Began operation 1978
Operator(s) TCL
Number of vehicles
Technical
System length 31.8 km (19.8 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge with roll ways along the rails
System map

Lyon - Metro network map.png

The Lyon Metro (French: Métro de Lyon) is the metro system of Lyon, France. It first opened in 1978[1] (although the metro's current Line C opened, independently, earlier, in 1974).[1] The Lyon Metro currently consists of four lines,[2] serving 40 stations (44 when counting transfer stations twice),[1] and comprising 31.8 kilometres (19.8 mi) of route.[1] It is part of the Transports en Commun Lyonnais (TCL) system of public transport, and is supported by Lyon's network of tramways.

Unlike all other French metro systems, but like the SNCF and RER, Lyon Metro trains run on the left. This is the result of an unrealised project to run the metro into the suburbs on existing railway lines. The loading gauge for lines A, B, and D is 2.90 m (9 ft 6.2 in),[3] more generous than the average for metros in Europe. The loading gauge for line C is 2.78 m (9 ft 1.4 in).[3] The Lyon Metro owes its inspiration to the Montreal Metro which was built a few years prior, and has similar (wider) rubber-wheel cars and station design.[citation needed] The metro had 740,000 daily weekday boardings in 2011.[4]

Routes[edit]

The Lyon Metro consists of four lines, A, B, C and D, each identified on maps by different colours:

Line Opened[1] Length[1] Stations[1] Termini Rolling stock
Lyon Metro Line A 1978 9.2 km (5.7 mi) 14 MPL 75
Lyon Metro Line B 1978 7.7 km (4.8 mi) 10 MPL 75
Lyon Metro Line C 1974 2.4 km (1.5 mi) 5 MCL 80
Lyon Metro Line D 1991 12.5 km (7.8 mi) 15 MPL 85

Lines A and B[edit]

Line A (Perrache - Laurent Bonnevay) and Line B (Charpennes - Part-Dieu) were constructed using the cut-and-cover method, and went into service on May 2, 1978, as the inaugural lines of the Lyon Metro. Trains on both lines run on tyres rather than steel wheels.

Line B was extended to Jean Macé on September 9, 1981, to Gerland on September 4, 2000,[1] then to Gare d'Oullins on 11 December 2013.[5]

An extension to Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie on Line A opened in October 2007.[1]

By 2020, Line A and B will be automated with the same system as Line D.

Line C[edit]

Main article: Lyon Metro Line C

The Croix-Rousse-Croix-Paquet rack railway, which was refurbished in 1974,[1] was integrated into the Metro in 1978 as Line C, with an extension to Hôtel-de-Ville[1] (thus running from Hôtel-de-Ville to Croix-Rousse). It was extended to Cuire on December 8, 1984.[1]

The line was constructed using various methods; the incline rising through a deep tunnel, the portion on the flat at Croix-Rousse using cut-and-cover, while the section beyond Hénon runs on the surface. The Croix Paquet station claims to be the steepest metro station in Europe, with an incline of 17%.

Line C uses an overhead wire, while Lines A, B and D use a third rail.

Line D[edit]

Main article: Lyon Metro Line D

Line D started with a manned service on September 4, 1991 between Gorge-de-Loup and Grange-Blanche. The line was extended to Gare de Vénissieux on December 11, 1992,[1] at which time it switched to automatic operation. Rubber-tyred trains run automatically with no driver on board, controlled by a system known as MAGGALY (Métro Automatique à Grand Gabarit de l’Agglomération Lyonnaise). On April 28, 1997, it was extended again to Gare de Vaise.[1]

Being the deepest of the lines in Lyon, it was constructed mainly using boring machines and passes under both rivers, the Rhône and the Saône. At 12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi) long with 15 stations,[1] it is also the longest of the lines in Lyon.

Operation[edit]

Trains of the Lyon Metro

The Metro, like the rest of the local public transport system, is operated by SLTC - the Société lyonnaise de transports en commun (Lyon public transport company), under the TCL brand - Transports en commun lyonnais (Lyon public transport). It is operated on behalf of SYTRAL - the Syndicat de transports de l'agglomération lyonnaise (Lyon metropolitan transport syndicate), a Syndicat Mixte.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Lyon Metro at Wikimedia Commons