Lyon tramway

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Lyon tramway
Lyon tcl logo-tram-full.svg
Overview
Native name Tramway de Lyon
Locale Lyon, Rhône-Alpes, France
Transit type Tram
Number of lines 6 (T1-T5 & Rhônexpress)[1][2]
Number of stations 80 (T1-T5)[1]
4 (Rhônexpress)[2]
Operation
Began operation 2001[1]
Operator(s) TCL (T1-T5)
Rhônexpress (Rhônexpress)
Technical
System length 53.3 km (33.1 mi) (T1-T5)[1]
22 km (14 mi) (Rhônexpress)[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map
Map of Lyon rail public transit network

The Lyon tramway (French: Tramway de Lyon) comprises 6 lines, 5 lines operated by TCL and one by Rhônexpress in the city of Lyon in Rhône-Alpes, France. The original tramway network in Lyon was first developed in 1879, but the modern network was not built until 2001.[1]

Line T1 opened in 2001; T2 opened in 2001; T3 opened at the end of 2006; line T4 opened in 2009; line Rhônexpress (airport connector) opened in 2010; and line T5 opened in 2012. The tramway system complements the Lyon metro and forms an integral part to the public transportation system (TCL) in Lyon. The network of 5 tram lines (T1-T5) operated by TCL runs 53.3 kilometres (33.1 mi);[1] the single line operated by Rhônexpress runs for 22 kilometres (14 mi)[2] (including approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) shared with the T3 tram line[2]). The network is currently served by 73 Alstom Citadis 302 trams.

Line T1 extends from Debourg to IUT Feyssine via Perrache, Part-Dieu Vivier-Merle and Charpennes. Line T2 runs from Perrache to Saint-Priest – Bel-Air via Jean-Macé, Grange-Blanche and Porte des Alpes. Line T3 goes from Part-Dieu - Villette to Meyzieu Z.I. via Vaulx – La Soie. T4 Line connects La Doua at the Clinic Feyzin via Charpennes, Part Dieu Villette, Jet d'Eau and Gare de Vénissieux.

History: the Original network (1879 - 1957)[edit]

Tram station at Place Carnot at the beginning of the 20th century

The first steam-driven tram line, the number 12, linked Lyon and Vénissieux in 1888. The network was electrified between 1893 and 1899. Extensions to the suburbs were built until 1914. This was the height of the network - high quality service, low price, high frequency and high profitability for shareholders. The inflation after World War II made the network unprofitable. Beginning in the 1930s, tramways were progressively replaced with trolleybuses and later buses. A modernization plan, including underground sections in the city centre, planned in the 1940s was rapidly abandoned. The last urban tram ran on line 4 in January 1956 and the last suburban tram, the "Train bleu" in Neuville-sur-Saône, was abandoned in June 1957.

Original OTL network[edit]

The first tram network was built and operated by the Compagnie des Omnibus et tramways de Lyon (OTL), founded in 1879. It consisted of ten 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge), horse-drawn lines with a total length of 44 km serving Lyon, Villeurbanne, La Mulatière et Oullins .

In 1894, new electrics trams are in service with these lines

The first line to open was line 5, from Place Bellecour to Vaise along the Saône river, competing with riverboats. Lines 1 and 7 followed the approximate routes of the current metro lines D and A, respectively. The network was gradually extended, by the OTL and by acquisitions of competing operators between 1894 and 1914.

OTL extensions[edit]

Tram from Line 12

La Société du Tramway d'Écully[edit]

1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) (Metre gauge) lines to the northwest, acquired by the OTL in 1894.

La Compagnie Lyonnaise des Tramways (CLT)[edit]

Metre gauge, steam powered lines on the left bank of the Rhône river. Became the Nouvelle Compagnie Lyonnaise des Tramways (NLT) in 1902, then acquired by the OTL in 1906.

  • 23 : Pont Lafayette - Cimetière de la Guillotière, extended to Monplaisir-la-Plaine. The extension of the line, electrified to Saint-Priest used the number 34 from 1925 à 1935.
  • 24 : Pont Lafayette - Asile de Bron, extended to Bron (Village).
  • 25 : Cordeliers - Montchat, extended to Genas.
  • 26 : Rue Casimier-Périer - Parc de la Tête d'Or
  • 27 : Cordeliers - Vaulx-en-Velin.

La Compagnie du Fourvière Ouest Lyonnais (FOL)[edit]

Fourvière and Saint-Just funiculars and trams in the west plateau. Acquired by the OTL in 1910.

La Compagnie du Tramway de Caluire (CTC)[edit]

Acquired by the OTL in 1914. Originally metric gauge, converted to standard gauge in 1925.

Tramway de l'Ouest du Dauphiné[edit]

This company reach Lyon in 1909.The meter gauge line leading to the east suburb was used on 6 km after being electrified in 1925.

The current network (since 2001)[edit]

Following a decline in the 1950s and 1960s, public transit in Lyon was revived in the 1970s with the opening of the Lyon Metro. In 1996 a decision was made to build a new tram network to complement the metro. The first two lines were opened on January 2, 2001: Line T1 from Perrache to IUT-Feyssine via Part-Dieu and Charpennes and Line T2 from Perrache to Porte des Alpes via Jean-Macé and Grange-Blanche. Line T2 was extended to Saint-Priest on October 27, 2003 and Line T1 was extended to Montrochet on September 15, 2005. Line T3 (codenamed LEA) was opened on December 4, 2006 along the former Chemin de Fer de l'Est Lyonnais tracks from Part-Dieu Villette to Meyzieu. Line T4 opened on April 20, 2009, running from Jet d'eau - Mendès France to Hôpital Feyzin - Vénissieux.

Line T1[edit]

Line 1

Operates from 04:40 to 00:35, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priest - Porte des Alpes.

Line T2[edit]

Line 2

Operates from 04:55 to 00:34, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priest - Porte des Alpes.

  • Perrache train station (transfers: SNCF, metro A, tram T1)
  • Centre Berthelot
  • Jean Macé (transfers : metro B)
  • Garibaldi - Berthelot
  • Route de Vienne
  • Jet d'Eau - Mendès France (transfer: tram T4)
  • Villon
  • Bachut - Mairie du 8ème
  • Jean XXIII - Maryse Bastié
  • Grange-Blanche (transfers: metro D, tram T5)
  • Ambroise Paré (transfer: tram T5)
  • Vinatier (transfer: tram T5)
  • Essarts - Iris (transfer: tram T5)
  • Boutasse - Camille Rousset (transfer: tram T5)
  • Hôtel de Ville - Bron (transfer: tram T5)
  • Les Alizés (transfer: tram T5)
  • Rebufer
  • Parilly - Université
  • Europe - Université
  • Porte des Alpes
  • Parc Technologique
  • Hauts de Feuilly
  • Salvador Allende
  • Alfred de Vigny
  • Saint-Priest - Hôtel de Ville
  • Esplanade des arts
  • Jules Ferry
  • Cordière
  • Saint-Priest - Bel Air

Line T3[edit]

Line 3

Operates from 04:32 to 00:06, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Meyzieu.

Codenamed "LEA" (Ligne de L'Est de l'Agglomération), Line T3 runs along a portion of the former CFEL (Compagnie des chemins de fer de l'Est de Lyon) train line from the Gare de l'Est de Lyon to Saint-Genix-d'Aoste (via Crémieu, Jallieu et Montalieu).[3]

Line T3, which is 14.6 km long, runs largely on ballasted railroad track. It takes 23 minutes to go from Part-Dieu Villette to Meyzieu - ZI, and runs at a maximum speed of 70 km/h (60 km/h at intersections, of which 26 are equipped with crossing gates). 7 km run near residential areas and are equipped with a noise barrier.

Line T4[edit]

Operates from 04:39 to 00:45, maintained by the Centre de Maintenance de Saint-Priest - Porte des Alpes.

  • IUT - Feyssine (7.30am to 9am only, as of November 2013)
  • Croix-Luizet (7.30am to 9am only, as of November 2013)
  • INSA - Einstein (7.30am to 9am only, as of November 2013)
  • La Doua - Gaston Berger (transfer: tram T1)
  • Université Lyon I (transfer: tram T1)
  • Condorcet (transfer: tram T1)
  • Le Tonkin (transfer: tram T1)
  • Charpennes - Charles Hernu (transfers: metro A, metro B, tram T1)
  • Collège Bellecombe (transfer: tram T1)
  • Thiers - Lafayette (transfer: tram T1)
  • Gare Part-Dieu Villette (transfers from platform nearby: tram T3, Rhônexpress - walking distance: SNCF, tram T1, metro B)
  • Félix Faure
  • Manufacture - Montluc
  • Lycée Colbert
  • Jet d'Eau - Mendès France (transfer: tram T2)
  • Lycée Lumière
  • États-Unis - Musée Tony Garnier
  • Professeur Beauvisage - CISL
  • États-Unis - Viviani
  • Joliot Curie - Marcel Sembat
  • La Borelle
  • Gare de Vénissieux (transfers: TER, metro D)
  • Croizat - Paul Bert
  • Marcel Houël - Hôtel de Ville
  • Lycée Jacques Brel
  • Herriot - Cagne
  • Vénissy
  • Division Leclerc
  • Maurice Thorez
  • Lénine - Corsière
  • Darnaise
  • Hôpital Feyzin - Vénissieux

Line T5[edit]

Operates from 05:00 to 00:00 between Grange-Blanche and Parc du Chêne. Calls at Eurexpo Convention Centre (8am-10pm) on every exhibition day. Will connect Chassieu René Cassin roundabout and permanently call at all stations as of 2014.

  • Grange-Blanche (transfers: metro D, tram T2)
  • Ambroise Paré (transfer: tram T2)
  • Vinatier (transfer: tram T2)
  • Essarts - Iris (transfer: tram T2)
  • Boutasse - Camille Rousset (transfer: tram T2)
  • Hôtel de Ville - Bron (transfer: tram T2)
  • Les Alizés (transfer: tram T2)
  • De Tassigny - Curial
  • Lycée Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Parc du Chêne (service ends here when no Eurexpo conference)
  • Eurexpo (only on conference days)
  • Eurexpo 2 (opens 2014)
  • René Cassin (opens 2014)

Rhônexpress[edit]

A Rhônexpress train, foreground, with a T3 tram.
Main article: Rhônexpress

The Rhônexpress is an express line which links Part-Dieu Villette to Saint-Exupéry airport, with intermediate stops at Vaulx-en-Velin – La Soie (transfer to Metro Line A) and Meyzieu ZI. It only serves four stations (including the airport). The route is served by 6 tram trains, constructed by the Swiss builder Stadler Rail. Its route consists of the existing T3 tram line, which is built with passing tracks to allow express service, and an extension of 8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi)[citation needed] of new track to the airport from Meyzieu. The total length of track is 22 kilometres (14 mi)[2] and it takes approximately 30 minutes to go from Part-Dieu to the airport.[2] Service runs from morning until night, with departures every 15 minutes at peak times.

Work began on October 9, 2008 and was completed August 9, 2010.[4] The Conseil général of the Rhône department franchised the operation rights for 30 years to Rhônexpress, a consortium including VINCI (28.2%), Veolia Transport (28.2%), Vossloh Infrastructure Service (4.2%), Cegelec Centre Est (2,8%) and the Caisse des dépôts et consignations.[5] Unlike the Lyon tramways, the Rhônexpress is not run by TCL. Stadler's Tangos are used as rolling stocks.

Rolling stock[edit]

The fleet is composed of 73 articulated Alstom Citadis 302 trams built between 2000 and 2009. They have production numbers N°801 - 873. And 10 articulated Alstom Citadis 402 which are on order of Lyon T3.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Le Tramway sur le réseau TCL" [The Tramway in TCL's network] (in French). TCL - SYTRAL. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "La société Rhônexpress : les chiffres clefs du service offert" [The Rhônexpress company: Key figures for the service offered] (in French). Rhônexpress. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  3. ^ Le Chemin de fer de l'Est de Lyon de MM. Domengie, Alquati, Moulin et Roze, Les Éditions du Cabri, 1996
  4. ^ http://www.lyon-en-lignes.org/content/view/312/129/
  5. ^ Ville et transports - magazine, January 17, 2007

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°43′06″N 4°55′43″E / 45.71833°N 4.92861°E / 45.71833; 4.92861