Lyons-la-Forêt

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Lyons-la-Forêt
17th-century covered market
17th-century covered market
Lyons-la-Forêt is located in France
Lyons-la-Forêt
Lyons-la-Forêt
Coordinates: 49°24′01″N 1°28′37″E / 49.4003°N 1.4769°E / 49.4003; 1.4769Coordinates: 49°24′01″N 1°28′37″E / 49.4003°N 1.4769°E / 49.4003; 1.4769
Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Department Eure
Arrondissement Les Andelys
Canton Lyons-la-Forêt
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Thierry Plouvier
Area
 • Land1 26.99 km2 (10.42 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 754
 • Population2 density 28/km2 (72/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 27377 / 27480
Elevation 67–178 m (220–584 ft)
(avg. 163 m or 535 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Lyons-la-Forêt is a commune in the Eure department in Haute Normandie in north-western France.

Because of its architecture which has been maintained as it was at the beginning of the 17th century, it is also a well-known landmark within the very distinct geophysical and geocultural entity that is the end of Vexin normand and the forest of Lyons around the town is the border with Pays de Bray known for its traditional bocage landscape of woods, orchards and cattle economy.

Geography[edit]

Lyons-la-Forêt[1] is located 34 km (21 mi) from Rouen and 28 km (17 mi) from Gisors. Former name: Saint-Denis-en-Lyons.

Lyons was originally the name of the forest < Licontio-/Ligontio-, based probably on the Celtic root lic/lig, that is to find also in the name of the stream running here: la Lieure < Licoris /Ligoris. Same root as the River Loire < Liger and -ley in Beverley (Yorkshire) from Celtic *bibro- *licos > Old English beofor beaver, *licc stream.

History[edit]

remains of the rampart

An early mention of a ducal residence in Lyons can be found in 936, when William I, Duke of Normandy used to stay here.

In 1135 Henry I of England, also known as “Henri Beauclerc”, died at the Lyons castle, at the time called Saint-Denis-en-Lyons.

The town and the castle were occupied by King Philip II Augustus of France in 1193 but the following year, Richard I of England, back from captivity, obtained the restitution of Lyons; the king of England and duke of Normandy resided frequently here until 1198. In 1202 Philip II Augustus conquered back the city, and after him several French kings sojourned here, attracted by the Lyons forest and the good hunting grounds.

From 1359 to 1398 the castellan domain of Lyons was part of Blanche de Navarre's dower after she became widow of king Philip VI of France. In 1403-1422 it was the dower of Isabeau de Bavière, wife of king Charles. In 1419, in the course of the Hundred Years War, the English took Lyons.[2]

Houses Normandy style
Maurice Ravel's mansion

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 1,650 —    
1800 1,674 +1.5%
1806 1,754 +4.8%
1821 1,660 −5.4%
1831 1,650 −0.6%
1836 1,608 −2.5%
1841 1,524 −5.2%
1846 1,538 +0.9%
1851 1,609 +4.6%
1856 1,441 −10.4%
1861 1,443 +0.1%
1866 1,391 −3.6%
1872 1,370 −1.5%
1876 1,323 −3.4%
1881 1,269 −4.1%
1886 1,260 −0.7%
1891 1,223 −2.9%
1896 1,185 −3.1%
1901 1,157 −2.4%
1906 1,042 −9.9%
1911 1,000 −4.0%
1921 931 −6.9%
1926 856 −8.1%
1931 818 −4.4%
1936 792 −3.2%
1946 878 +10.9%
1954 781 −11.0%
1962 749 −4.1%
1968 880 +17.5%
1975 772 −12.3%
1982 734 −4.9%
1990 701 −4.5%
1999 795 +13.4%
2008 754 −5.2%

Sights[edit]

  • Roman theatre (private property)
  • Castle of Henry I of England (private property)
  • Covered market place (18th century)
  • Church Saint-Denis (12th and 18th centuries)
  • Town hall (17th century)
  • Houses built in typical Normandy style (17th and 18th centuries)
  • The forest is 10,700 hectares, the largest state forest in Normandy and one of the largest Beech forests in Europe. It is renowned for the "cathedral-like" straightness and height of its trees' trunks. One of its characteristics is its having so many open spaces and clearings among which lie small villages and hamlets. This makes a transition between the Vexin plateau and the Andelle valley.[3]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The city of Lyon, in France too, is sometimes written Lyons in English as well, but the writing and the pronunciation of /s/ is the result of a confusion with Lyons-la-Forêt. Lyon does not share the same etymology and is a former Lugdunu(m) that evolved step by step into Lyon.
  2. ^ Site listing the communes of France.
  3. ^ Lyons Tourism office.
  4. ^ info site on the Pays de Bray.

External links[edit]