|Location||Newcastle Demesne, County Kildare, Ireland|
|Design and construction|
Lyons Demesne, also Lyons Estate, is a country house and estate in Lyons Hill, County Kildare, Ireland. It is located near Newcastle Demesne and Celbridge, to the northeast of Tipperstown, 24.8 kilometres (15.4 mi) west of the city centre of Dublin. The Georgian house, completed in 1797 under architect Oliver Grace, is set in 600 acres (240 ha). Historically, Lyons was the setting of a notable duel between Daniel O'Connell and John D'Esterre. University College Dublin Lyons Research Farm consists of a portion of the original Lyons Estate and is used by the School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine for teaching and research activities.
Michael Aylmer inherited the estate at the age of four in 1733 and became indebted to banker Nicholas Lawless (later Baron Cloncurry), eventually losing the house in 1796. Lawless commissioned architect Grace to build a "grand Georgian mansion" in 1785, and it was completed in 1797. His son, Valentine Lawless, 2nd Baron Cloncurry continued the efforts between 1804 and 1810, developing the house further.
A duel took place at Lyons in 1815 subsequent to a speech made by O'Connell. He was challenged by the John D'Esterre, a member of the Dublin Corporation, who objected to O'Connell's description of 'Corpo' being a 'beggarly corporation'. The expectation was that D'Esterre would kill O'Connell. However it was O'Connell who mortally wounded D'Esterre with a shot in the hip which lodged the bullet in D'Esterre's stomach.
University College Dublin (UCD) purchased the Lyons Estate in 1963, the purchase consisting of the Lyons House and approximately 1,200 acres (490 ha). In the early 1990s, the university sold the house and half of the land, approximately 620 acres. It was purchased by the late Ryanair businessman Tony Ryan in 1996 for £3.5 million who spent over £80 million renovating it, and it was bequeathed to his wife upon his death. In 2009, the estate was valued at £65.5 million but has since drastically declined in value, on the market in July 2012 at £25 million.
Architecture and fittings
Lyons Demesne, considered a "Georgian treasure", was completed between 1785 and 1797. Later, Valentine Lawless, 2nd Baron Cloncurry, spent £200,000 on renovation included frescoes by Gaspare Gabrielli and three ship loads of classical art imported from Italy. A fourth shipment was lost when it sank off Wicklow. Treasures which were successfully imported include three columns from the ruins of the Golden House of Nero in Rome, used in the portico, and a statue of Venus excavated at Ostia. Country Life, which regards Lyons as Ireland's most significant estate, says of it, "There are seven suites in the main house, a self contained guest wing with four bedrooms and staff quarters in the north wing." The house has its own private cinema, gymnasium, billiards room, helicopter landing pad, traditional Irish pub, wine cellar, and half Olympic-sized swimming pool. It is decorated in the Directoire style, of which there are few examples in Ireland.
The gardens of the estate were developed by Lawless between 1804 and 1810. There are an additional five lodges on the estate, a 22 acres (8.9 ha) spring-fed, stocked lake, stables, stud farm facilities and natural gallops. The University College Dublin Lyons Research Farm consists of a portion of the original Lyons Estate, having retained approximately 580 acres (230 ha), which are used by the School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine for teaching and research activities.
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- Lyons Demesne: Works of Art from the Collection of the late Dr. Tony Ryan. BRIMSTONES, Christie's. 14 July 2011.
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- "Ireland's most significant estate". Country Life. 11 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Have a spare €50m? You could buy this Kildare estate at a knockdown price". The Daily Edge. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "UCD Lyons Research Farm". University College of Dublin. Retrieved 15 July 2012.