Lysgårdsbakken

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Lysgårdsbakken
Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena
Lysgård.JPG
Location
City or Town Lillehammer
Country Norway
Opened 1993
Renovated 2007
Size
K-spot K-90
K-123
Hill size HS100
HS138
Hill record Karl Geiger
(107.5 m in 2013)
Simon Amman
(146.0 m in 2009)
Championships
Olympics 1994 Winter Olympics
2016 Winter Youth Olympics opening ceremony

Lysgårdsbakken, officially known as Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (Norwegian: Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg), is a ski jumping hill in Lillehammer, Norway. It consists of a large hill, with a K-point of 123 and a hill size of 138, and a small hill with a K-point of 90 and a hill size of 100. It opened in 1993 for the 1994 Winter Olympics, where it hosted the ski jumping and Nordic combined events, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. After the Olympics, ownership was transferred to the municipal Lillehammer Olympiapark and it has since been used for several FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup tournaments, including hosting the Nordic Tournament. It has a capacity for 35,000 spectators and is one of three national ski jumping hills in Norway. In 2007, the large hill was rebuilt to a larger profile, and received a new plastic lining. The venue sees 80,000 annual jumps in the winter and 20,000 in the summer season.

Construction[edit]

Stands and commentator boxes

The plans which were approved when Lillehammer were awarded the 1994 Winter Olympics, involved using the existing Balbergbakken in Fåberg, north of Lillehammer.[1] However, the venue was rejected by the broadcasting planners, and instead it was decided that an all-new venue would be built at Lysgård.[2] Financing of the venue was given through a grant issued by the Parliament of Norway on 1 August 1990. Architects were Økaw Arkitekter, with Martin M. Bakken as the main contractor. Construction had already stated earlier in 1990, and it was completed by December 1992. The seating area was made with pre-fabricated concrete elements with metal bars. Temporary buildings and facilities for the opening ceremonies were installed in December 1993, and removed after the Olympics.[3] This included 70 commentator boxes, a media center, and offices for technical personnel.[4] The original construction included plastic on the outrun and porcelain tracks on the small hill, allowing jumping during summer. The venue was placed deep in the terrain to shield the jumpers from the wind while minimizing the venue's impact in the surroundings.[5] The National Association of Norwegian Architects awarded the hill the 1993 Betongtavlen.[6] In 2007, the large hill was renovated. The profile was expanded, increasing the K-point from 120 to 123. In addition, plastic way was laid, allowing both hills to be used during summer.[7]

Facilities[edit]

The hill has a capacity for 35,000 spectators, of which 7,500 can be seated.[3] In addition, up to 25,000 people can followed the games from free areas around the venue.[8] Auxiliary structures include a start house, a judges tower—which includes office space for organizers and judges—a media building, and a technical room below the stands, as well as a first aid room and restrooms. It also features a high-pressure snow production facility with outtakes all along the approach and outrun. Transport to the tower of the large hill is accessible via a chair lift.[4] During the Olympics, transport to the venues was mostly by railway. Spectators discharged at Lillehammer Station on the Dovre Line and would then walk to the stadium.[9]

View down the large hill, from before the renovation

The small hill has a K-point of 90 and a hill size of 100. It has a 36 degree slope for the outrun and an 11 degree slope for the approach. The height difference is 112 meters (367 ft) and the approach is 82 meters (269 ft) long. Prior to 2007, the large hill had a K-point of 123, a 27.5 degree slope for the outrun and an 11.5 degree slope for the approach. The height difference was 137 meters (449 ft), while the approach is 96.6 meters (317 ft) long.[4] After 2007, the hill size was increased to 138 and the K-point to 123.[7]

Events[edit]

During the 1994 Winter Olympics, the venue hosted three ski jumping and two Nordic combined events, in addition to the opening and closing ceremonies.[3] Competition evens consisted of individual normal hill, individual large hill, and team large hill in ski jumping,[10] and individual and team small hill for Nordic combined.[11]

The hills in 2007, just after the new plastic had been laid

Lysgårdsbakken is a regular site for FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup tournaments. FIS Ski Jumping World Cup has been hosted nearly every year since 1993.[12] Since 2004, with the exception of 2007 and 2010, Lysgårdsbakken is a co-host of the Nordic Tournament.[12] The FIS Nordic Combined World Cup has been hosted nine times, in 1993, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009, and 2010. All tournaments have been held in December; nine of the ten have had the cross-country skiing part held at nearby Birkebeineren Ski Stadium, while in 2001 the cross-country skiing was held at Beitostølen.[13] Lillehammer is scheduled to host the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics,[14] where Lysgårdsbakken would be used for ski jumping and Nordic combined.[15]

The hill record for the large hill is 146 meters (479 ft), set by Simon Amman in 2009. The summer record for the large hill is 140.5 meters (461 ft), set by Thomas Lobben in 2007. The winter record for the small hill is 104 meters (341 ft), set by Espen Bredesen during the 1994 Olympics. The summer small hill record is 106.5 meters (349 ft), set by Daniela Iraschko in 2010.[7] The hill is one of three national ski jumping hills in Norway, with the other two being Holmenkollbakken in Oslo and Granåsen in Trondheim.[16] Lysgårdsbakken is regularly used as a training venue, and sees 80,000 winter jumps and 20,000 summer jumps per year.[7]

In 2005, the hills were the eleventh-most visited tourist attraction in Norway.[17] The hill has a souvenir shop and visitors are permitted to take the elevator to the top of the hill. Alternatively, tourists can walk the 954 steps to the top.[7] In 2006, the BBC One television show Top Gear's episode "Winter Olympics Special", was filmed at various Olympic venues around Lillehammer. It included a successful attempt at a ski jump using an unoccupied rocket-powered British Leyland Mk V Mini.[18] KT Tunstall shot the majority of the video for her 2008 single "If Only" at Lysgårdsbakken.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hansen, Espen (2 April 1985). "Hvem får OL?". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 18. 
  2. ^ Kvalheim, Svein (29 January 1994). "Kongen på haugen". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). p. 29. 
  3. ^ a b c LOOC (III): 18
  4. ^ a b c LOOC (III): 21
  5. ^ LOOC (III): 22
  6. ^ National Association of Norwegian Architects. "Betongtavlen". Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Lillehammer Olympiapark. "Lysgårdsbakkene hoppsenter" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  8. ^ LOOC (II): 241–242
  9. ^ LOOC (III): 43
  10. ^ LOOC (IV): 106–112
  11. ^ LOOC (IV): 129–135
  12. ^ a b International Ski Federation. "Results". Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  13. ^ International Ski Federation. "Nordic combined World Cup Lillehammer medalist history: 1993-2010". Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "Lillehammer awarded 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games". Inside the Games. 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on 7 December 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2011. 
  15. ^ Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports. "Candidate city for the Winter Youth Olympic Games: Lillehammer 2016". Archived from the original on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture (19 December 1999). "Nasjonalanlegg – anlegg for internasjonale mesterskap og konkurranser" (in Norwegian). 
  17. ^ "Turistattraksjoner: Plass 11 til 50". British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Series 7 – Episode 7". British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  19. ^ Nyhagen, Alexander (27 February 2008). "Se premieren på KT Tunstalls "norske" video" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
Bibliography


Coordinates: 61°07′30″N 10°29′14″E / 61.12500°N 10.48722°E / 61.12500; 10.48722