Lysychansk

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Lysychansk
Лисичанськ
City of regional significance
Flag of Lysychansk
Flag
Coat of arms of Lysychansk
Coat of arms
Lysychansk is located in Ukraine
Lysychansk
Lysychansk
Coordinates: 48°55′N 38°24′E / 48.917°N 38.400°E / 48.917; 38.400Coordinates: 48°55′N 38°24′E / 48.917°N 38.400°E / 48.917; 38.400
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Luhansk Oblast
Raion Lysychansk Municipality
Founded 17101
City rights 1938
Area
 • Total 95.64 km2 (36.93 sq mi)
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 104,314
 • Density 1,091/km2 (2,830/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 93100 — 93199
Area code(s) +380 6451
Licence plate BB
Website http://lis.gov.ua

Lysychansk (Ukrainian: Лисичанськ) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of south-eastern Ukraine. The city is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast, and is located on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River, approximately 90 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk.

Population on January 1, 2013 - 104,314 (Municipality - 120,085) (2013)

Area — - 95.64 km ² (municipality - 115.25 km ²) (2010).[1]

In 1952, Lysychansk became the regional center. The present borders of Lysychansk were finalized by the mid-1960.

  • In 1962 the city of Sieverodonetsk separated from Lysychansk and became its own independent city.
  • In 1963 towns of Novodruzhesk and Pryvillia were included in the city limits of Lysychansk and became cities.
  • In 1965 Lysychansk incorporated the cities of Verkhnye and Proletarsk.

Now, the administration of the Lysychansk Municipality includes cities:

  • Novodruzhesk
  • Pryvillia

Together with the cities of Sieverodonetsk, Rubizhne, Kreminna and the nearest towns, the Lysychansk area constitutes a major urban and industrialized hub of the Donets basin area, with a population of about 353,000 (2009).

Geography[edit]

Lysychansk is located in the North-Western part of the Luhansk region, 90 km from Luhansk, on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River. The area is surrounded by large hills, ravines and valleys. The city is interestingly situated on the northern spur of the Donetsk Ridge (Донецький кряж). This picturesque area was once called "Deer Mountain".

Lysychansk is located in the continental climate of the steppe zone of Ukraine. Water resources stemming from here are one of the most important resources. Seversky Donets is the main water artery of the Lysychansk and the whole region. The length of the Seversky Donets River within the city is 26.5 km. Belenkaya River, a tributary of the Donets River, flows through the southern part of the city, the length of the river within the city is 7.7 km.

Lysychansk - Ukrainian regional cities[edit]

[2]

District Population Car
Luhansk 445,900 89 km (55 mi)
Donetsk 975,959 141 km (88 mi)
Kharkiv 1,442,910 242 km (150 mi)
Dnipropetrovsk 1,001,612 320 km (200 mi)
Zaporizhia 770,411 334 km (208 mi)
Poltava 298,652 387 km (240 mi)
Sumy 283,700 429 km (267 mi)
Kirovohrad 239,400 563 km (350 mi)
Cherkasy 286,037 621 km (386 mi)
Mykolaiv 498,748 641 km (398 mi)
Kherson 358,000 682 km (424 mi)
Simferopol 362,366 699 km (434 mi)
Kyiv 2,847,200 720 km (450 mi)
Odesa 1,003,705 773 km (480 mi)
Chernihiv 296,008 783 km (487 mi)
Zhytomyr 271,172 858 km (533 mi)
Vinnytsia 370,100 883 km (549 mi)
Khmelnytskyi 290,100 1,011 km (628 mi)
Rivne 256,774 1,045 km (649 mi)
Lutsk 255,095 1,118 km (695 mi)
Ternopil 218,641 1,137 km (706 mi)
Chernivtsi 259,419 1,185 km (736 mi)
Lviv 729,842 1,259 km (782 mi)
Ivano-Frankivsk 226,124 1,323 km (822 mi)
Uzhhorod 116,400 1,529 km (950 mi)

Lysychansk - European capitals[edit]

[3]

District Population Car
Chisinau  Moldova 728,700 886 km (551 mi)
Moscow  Russia 11,979,529 920 km (570 mi)
Tbilisi  Georgia 1,693,768 1,196 km (743 mi)
Minsk  Belarus 1,917,344 1,215 km (755 mi)
Bucharest  Romania 1,883,425 1,320 km (820 mi)
Vilnius  Lithuania 537,152 1,404 km (872 mi)
Warsaw  Poland 1,810,598 1,491 km (926 mi)
Istanbul  Turkey 13,854,740 1,610 km (1,000 mi)
Riga  Latvia 695,539 1,629 km (1,012 mi)
Sofia  Bulgaria 1,204,685 1,680 km (1,040 mi)
Tallinn  Estonia 429,899 1,765 km (1,097 mi)
Budapest  Hungary 1,740,041 1,851 km (1,150 mi)
Bratislava  Slovakia 462,603 2,054 km (1,276 mi)
Berlin  Germany 3,292,365 2,055 km (1,277 mi)
Vienna  Austria 1,730,278 2,061 km (1,281 mi)
Prague  Czech Republic 1,284,927 2,133 km (1,325 mi)
Copenhagen  Denmark 1,213,822 2,484 km (1,543 mi)
Athens  Greece 1,442,910 2,492 km (1,548 mi)
Brussels  Belgium 163,210 2,783 km (1,729 mi)
Bern   Switzerland 133,868 2,942 km (1,828 mi)
Rome  Italy 2,777,979 3,074 km (1,910 mi)
Stockholm  Sweden 871,952 3,127 km (1,943 mi)
Paris  France 2,243,833 3,135 km (1,948 mi)
Madrid  Spain 3,273,049 4,416 km (2,744 mi)
Lisbon  Portugal 545,245 4,880 km (3,030 mi)

Lysychansk - World capital[edit]

[4]

District Population Plane
Ankara  Turkey 4,338,620 1,092 km (679 mi)
Helsinki  Finland 610,601 1,522 km (946 mi)
Nicosia  Cyprus 310,355 1,583 km (984 mi)
Tehran  Iran 7,705,036 1,812 km (1,126 mi)
Jerusalem  Israel 890,428 1,921 km (1,194 mi)
Oslo  Norway 629,313 2,150 km (1,340 mi)
Cairo  Egypt 9,120,350 2,181 km (1,355 mi)
Astana  Kazakhstan 780,880 2,356 km (1,464 mi)
London  United Kingdom 8,308,369 2,735 km (1,699 mi)
Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 921,000 3,050 km (1,900 mi)
Dublin  Ireland 525,383 3,114 km (1,935 mi)
Algiers  Algeria 3,415,811 3,155 km (1,960 mi)
Reykjavík  Iceland 119,108 3,895 km (2,420 mi)
New Delhi  India 302,363 3,989 km (2,479 mi)
Beijing  China 20,693,000 6,011 km (3,735 mi)
Ottawa  Canada 883,391 7,764 km (4,824 mi)
Tokyo  Japan 13,185,502 7,851 km (4,878 mi)
Pretoria  South Africa 741,651 8,327 km (5,174 mi)
Washington, D.C.  United States 646,449 8,398 km (5,218 mi)
Jakarta  Indonesia 10,187,595 8,979 km (5,579 mi)
Havana  Cuba 2,106,146 10,112 km (6,283 mi)
Brasília  Brazil 2,789,761 11,054 km (6,869 mi)
Mexico City  Mexico 8,851,080 11,352 km (7,054 mi)
Buenos Aires  Argentina 2,890,151 13,272 km (8,247 mi)
Canberra  Australia 367,752 14,304 km (8,888 mi)

Climate[edit]

Lysychansk has a humid continental climate (Dfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 26–27 °C (78.8–80.6 °F) and lows of 14–15 °C (57.2–59 °F). Winters are relatively cold with average high temperatures of -1 °C (30.2 °F) and lows of −8 to -6 °C (17.6 to 21.2 °F). Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild.[5]


The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 41.0 °C (105.8 °F) on June 1984. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was −34.0 °C (−29.2 °F) on February 1954.

Annual precipitation is 480 millimeters (18.9 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Light snowfall mainly occurs from December through March, but snow cover does not usually remain for long.[6]



Climate data for Lysychansk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
23.0
(73.4)
31.0
(87.8)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104)
40.0
(104)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
21.0
(69.8)
16.0
(60.8)
29.1
(84.4)
Average high °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.0
(41)
15.0
(59)
22.0
(71.6)
26.0
(78.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
21.0
(69.8)
13.0
(55.4)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−5.0
(23)
1.6
(34.9)
9.5
(49.1)
15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68)
22.0
(71.6)
21.0
(69.8)
15.0
(59)
11.0
(51.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−8
(18)
−3.0
(26.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.0
(48.2)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
15.0
(59)
9.0
(48.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6
(21)
3.5
(38.3)
Record low °C (°F) −32.0
(−25.6)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
6.0
(42.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−5.0
(23)
−12.0
(10.4)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−13.7
(7.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 32.0
(1.26)
30.0
(1.181)
36.0
(1.417)
37.0
(1.457)
48.0
(1.89)
53.0
(2.087)
61.0
(2.402)
34.0
(1.339)
45.0
(1.772)
31.0
(1.22)
37.0
(1.457)
36.0
(1.417)
480
(18.899)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.0 5.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 5.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 8.0 89
Source: Microsoft Corporation program "Weather"

History[edit]

The History of the Donetsk coal basin began in 1700 with the decree by Peter I to search for ore deposits, leading to the development of Lysychansk - "the cradle of Donbas (Донбас)". This type of coal mining lead to "pit heaps"- piles of rocks on the surface in the shape of large pyramids.

The territory of Lysychansk, like other lands in the area, since the Mongol-Tatar invasion until Mid 18th century had not been settled. On the left bank of the Seversky Donets River were the river towns of Borovsky, Trehizbensky and others, settled by educated runaway peasants of 18th century. These communities were suppressed and destroyed during the Bulavin Uprising started by the decree of Peter I. They reappeared only after two or three decades. Not destroyed, but moved to other areas (see map Boplana 1825), was Voronovo (Вороново) (founded by Khokhlova Coassacks), Syrotyne (Сиротино) (Popov and Sirotina Cossacks), Borovenki (Боровеньки) (partly settled by Borovschan after the burning of the settlement Bohr), Metelkina (Метелкино) (Metelnikova Cossacks) and Smolyaninovo (Смоляниново) (Smolkina Cossacks).

Population[edit]

  • As of 01.04.2010 the population of Lyscychansk was 104,314. The total population of the surrounding area governed by the city council is 120,085 people. (2013) [7]
  • According to the 2001 Census the population was 115,229 people, total area governed by the city council was 133,258 people.[8]


Ethnic Groups

[9]

  • According to the 1989 census the population was 127,000 people.[10]

Industry[edit]

When Lysychansk was a city in the Soviet Union it was among the biggest industrial centres in Luhansk Oblast.[11] It kept this status long after Ukraine turned independent in 1991.[11] But since 2010 most major plants have been closed leading to massive lay-offs.[11]

The city and the surrounding area has 5 coal mines owned by Lysychanskvuhillya. Production of coal reserves amount to 179.7 million tons. Production capacity - 2,8 million tons of coal per year.

Companies that are:

Companies that are under construction:

Bankrupt Companies:

  • Lysychansk Plant of Rubber Products
  • Lysychansk Plant of Meat
  • Lysychansk Plant of Bakery
  • Lysychansk Plant of Dairy
  • Lysychansk Plant of Rare Gases
  • Lysychansk Heat Elektrotsentral
  • Lysychansk Tire-Repair Plant
  • Lysychansk Farm of Poultry


Shopping centers and supermarkets[edit]

  • Shopping centers:

"Кристалл", "Донбасс", "Лемон", "Октал", "Морозко плаза".

  • Supermarkets:

"Сільпо", "Абсолют", "АТБ", "Парус", "Брусниця".

  • Electronics Stores:

"Фокстрот", "Comfy", "Diawest"

Media[edit]

  • The newspaper "Новый путь"
  • Television and Radio Company "Акцент"
  • Publishing house "Час Пик"

Education[edit]

Preschool[edit]

  • Child Care №1 "Шпачок"
  • Child Care №2 "Бірюза"
  • Child Care №3 "Дюймовочка"
  • Child Care №4 "Росинка"
  • Child Care №5 "Усмішка"
  • Child Care №6 "Чайка"
  • Child Care №7 "Іскорка"
  • Child Care №8 "Світлячок"
  • Kindergarten №9 "Червона шапочка"
  • Child Care №10 "Малятко"
  • Child Care №12 "Катруся"
  • Child Care №13 "Ромашка"
  • Child Care №14 "Теремок"
  • Child Care "Колосок"

Schools[edit]

Basic[edit]

Higher[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Lysychansk Children's Musical School №1
  • Lysychansk Children's Musical School №2

Attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Public Transport[edit]

(11.04.2014)

Trolley

  • №1 Plant "Пролетарій" - Brick Plant — 0.09 or 0,12$
  • №2 is currently closed.
  • №3 Central Market - Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №3 — 0.09 or 0,12$

Bus

A large number of buses run to and from Lysychansk as well as within the city. Most of the buses running in and out of the city stop running after 6 pm.

  • №101: Central Market - mine "Чорноморка"
  • №106: Central Market - Berezove
  • №107: Central Market - Dibrovka
  • №109: Central Market - Plant of Rubber Products — 0.2 or 0,28$
  • №111: Central Market - Plant "Пролетарій" 0.11 or 0.16$
  • №112: Central Market - Glass Plant 0.2 or 0,28$
  • №114: Glass Plant - Plant of Rubber Products — 0.14 or 0,2$
  • №191: Central Market - Glass Plant — Plant of Rubber Products — 0.2 or 0,28$

Railway[edit]

Railway Station Lysychansk

From the city centre the railway station can be reached by foot, down Malinowski Street, starting from the Central Market (15-20 minute walk) or by bus "Lysychansk - Severodonetsk."

The town has three railway stations: Nasvetevich, Pereizna, Volcheyarskaya, as well as 956th km (stop is for diesel commuter trains). Almost all transit distance trains stop at Stations Pereizna and Volcheyarskaya, allowing residents of Southern Lysychansk not to be dependent on the central railway station.

Trains running through Lysychansk allow access to all of Ukraine as well as run to Russia and Belarus.

Intercity Bus[edit]

Regular bus service is available to many Ukrainian cities. There are direct buses to Donetsk, Kharkiv, Berdyansk, Meriupol, etc.

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport is located 12 kilometers from the city center, located in Sieverodonetsk. Built in 1968 the airport is to serve residents and workers of the surrounding cities. The airport is administered by the Lysychansk District pipeline OAO Ukrtransnafta.[14]

Politics[edit]

In the 2010 Presidential Election Viktor Yanukovych won 90.95% of the vote in Lysychansk. Runner up Yulia Tymoshenko received 5.91% of the vote [15]

2004 Presidential Elections the city vote- Viktor Yanukovych (92.51%) and Yushchenko (5.08%) [16]

Famous people[edit]

  • Gregory Kapustin- Russian rudoznatets.[17]
  • Vladimir Chernikov (monumental artist, painter)
  • Kliment Voroshilov - Marshal of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Soviet Union, the Politburo Central Committee, President of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR | Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.[18]
  • Volodymyr Sosyura - Ukrainian Soviet poet.[19]
  • Peter Severs- Ukrainian writer.
  • Dmitry Lalenkov - Honored actor theater and film.
  • Kuzema Vadim - author and performer of songs in the style of Russian chanson, nominee of the prize "Chanson, in 2006".[20]
  • Igor Sergeyev - Ministry of Defense of Russia | Russian Defense Minister from 1997–2001, Marshal of the Russian Federation.[21]
  • Nicholas Chuzhikov - Olympic rowing champion.

Demographics[edit]

  • 1989 - 127,000 inhabitants
  • 2001 - 115,000 inhabitants
  • 2010 - 105,200 inhabitants

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ РЕГІОНИ УКРАЇНИ ТА ЇХ СКЛАД
  2. ^ http://della.com.ua/distance/
  3. ^ http://della.com.ua/distance/
  4. ^ http://www.travelmath.com/
  5. ^ "weather.com". weather.com. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Climate figures". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  7. ^ lugastat.lg.ua
  8. ^ Державний комітет статистики України. Всеукраїнський перепис населення `2001. Чисельність наявного населення та його розподіл за статтю, Луганська область, м. Лисичанськ(міськрада)
  9. ^ Дністрянський М. С. Етнополітична географія України. Львів: Літопис, 2006. С.464.
  10. ^ Численность и состав населения Украины по итогам Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001 года
  11. ^ a b c The Looming Revolt in Lysychansk, The Ukrainian Week (22 July 2013)
  12. ^ Донецкая складчатая область
  13. ^ История Луганского края. Глава 3. Луганщина в XIX веке. Геологические исследования края
  14. ^ Аэропорты Украины — Авиакассы, заказ и продажа авиабилетов, туры и шоп туры — Тур фирма Авиатор — Донецк Киев
  15. ^ http://www.electoralgeography.com/new/en/countries/u/ukraine/ukraine-presidential-election-2010.html
  16. ^ http://www.electoralgeography.com/new/en/countries/u/ukraine/ukraine-presidential-election-2004.html
  17. ^ (Капустин, Григорий Григорьевич)
  18. ^ (Ворошилов, Климент Ефремович)
  19. ^ (Сосюра, Владимир Николаевич)
  20. ^ (Кузема Вадим)
  21. ^ (Игорь Сергеев)

External links[edit]

Map of automobile roads surrounding the city.