||This article uses bare URLs for citations, which may be threatened by link rot. (August 2014)|
|City of regional significance|
|• Total||96 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||145 m (475.7 ft)|
|Population (January 1, 2014)|
|• Total||103 459|
|• Density||1,201.430/km2 (3,111.69/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||93100 — 93199|
|Area code(s)||+380 6451|
Lysychansk (Ukrainian: Лисичанськ, Russian: Лисича́нск ) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of Ukraine. The city is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast, and is located on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River, approximately 90 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk.
In 1952, Lysychansk became the regional center. The present borders of Lysychansk were finalized by the mid-1960s.
- In 1962 the city of Severodonetsk separated from Lysychansk and became its own independent city.
- In 1963 towns of Novodruzhesk and Pryvillia were included in the city limits of Lysychansk and became cities.
- In 1965 Lysychansk incorporated the cities of Verkhnye and Proletarsk.
Now, the administration of the Lysychansk Municipality includes cities:
Together with the cities of Severodonetsk, Rubizhne, Kreminna and the nearest towns, the Lysychansk area constitutes a major urban and industrialized hub of the Donets basin area, with a population of about 353,000 (2009).
- 1 Geography
- 2 Climate
- 3 History
- 4 Population
- 5 Industry
- 6 Shopping centers and supermarkets
- 7 Media
- 8 Education
- 9 Attractions
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Politics
- 12 Famous people
- 13 Demographics
- 14 Gallery
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Lysychansk is located in the North-Western part of the Luhansk region, 115 km from Luhansk, on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River. The area is surrounded by large hills, ravines and valleys. The city is interestingly situated on the northern spur of the Donets Ridge. This picturesque area was once called "Deer Mountain".
Lysychansk is located in the continental climate of the steppe zone of Ukraine. Water resources stemming from here are one of the most important resources. Seversky Donets is the main water artery of the Lysychansk and the whole region. The length of the Seversky Donets River within the city is 26.5 km. Belenkaya River, a tributary of the Donets River, flows through the southern part of the city, the length of the river within the city is 7.7 km.
Lysychansk has a humid continental climate (Dfb/Dfa) according to the Köppen climate classification system.
Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 26–27 °C (78.8–80.6 °F) and lows of 14–15 °C (57.2–59 °F). Winters are relatively cold with average high temperatures of -1 °C (30.2 °F) and lows of −8 to -6 °C (17.6 to 21.2 °F). Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild.
The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 41.0 °C (105.8 °F) on June 1984. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was −34.0 °C (−29.2 °F) on February 1954.
Annual precipitation is 480 millimeters (18.9 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Light snowfall mainly occurs from December through March, but snow cover does not usually remain for long.
|Climate data for Lysychansk|
|Record high °C (°F)||16.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−9
|Record low °C (°F)||−32.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||32.0
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||6.0||5.0||7.0||9.0||9.0||8.0||7.0||5.0||7.0||9.0||9.0||8.0||89|
|Source: Microsoft Corporation program "Weather"|
The History of the Donetsk coal basin began in 1700 with the decree by Peter I to search for ore deposits, leading to the development of Lysychansk - "the cradle of Donbas". This type of coal mining lead to "pit heaps"- piles of rocks on the surface in the shape of large pyramids.
Previously existing settlements in the area around Lysychansk were completely destroyed by the Muscovy punitive expedition against the Bulavin Rebellion. After the uprising was extinguished the area was resettled with Voronove (founded by Khokhlova Coassacks), Syrotyne (Popov and Sirotina Cossacks), Borovenki (partly settled by Borovschan after the burning of the settlement Bohr), Metelkine (Metelnikova Cossacks) and Smolyaninove (Smolkina Cossacks).
During the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine the town was captured early April 2014 by pro-Russian separatists. On 22 July 2014 Ukrainian Ukrinform reported that the separatists "massively leave Lysychansk" with "seized cars from the population and in parking lots"; Russian ITAR-TASS reported the same day that the separatists had "decided to leave the town in order to save the population and stop clashes". The next day heavy fighting continued around the town while the Ukrainian National Guard and the Ukrainian army released a statement that stated "the military plan to free Lysychansk, Luhansk region, from terrorist groups in the near future". On 24 July 2014 the Ukrainian army claimed its troops had entered Lysychansk and its Col. Andriy Lysenko stated "We will take the town, and the road will be open to Horlivka, then Donetsk". On 25 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.
- As of 01.04.2010 the population of Lyscychansk was 104,314. The total population of the surrounding area governed by the city council is 120,085 people. (2013) 
- According to the 2001 Census the population was 115,229 people, total area governed by the city council was 133,258 people.
- According to the 1989 census the population was 127,000 people.
When Lysychansk was a city in the Soviet Union it was among the biggest industrial centres in Luhansk Oblast. It kept this status long after Ukraine became independent in 1991. But since 2010 most major plants have been closed leading to massive lay-offs.
The city and the surrounding area has 5 coal mines owned by Lysychanskvuhillya. Production of coal reserves amount to 179.7 million tons. Production capacity - 2,8 million tons of coal per year.
Companies that are:
- Lysychansk Factory of Technical Textiles
- Lysychansk Gelatin Plant
- Lysychansk Engineering Works
- Lysychansk Brewery
- Lysychansk Plant of Glassworks
- Lysychansk Plant of Reinforced Concrete
- Lysychansk Factory of Christmas Tree Decorations
- Lysychansk Factory of Garment
Companies that are under construction:
- Lysychansk Refinery Plant
- Lysychansk Soda Plant → Lysychansk Cement Plant
- Lysychansk Plant of Rubber Products
- Lysychansk Plant of Meat
- Lysychansk Plant of Bakery
- Lysychansk Plant of Dairy
- Lysychansk Plant of Rare Gases
- Lysychansk Heat Elektrotsentral
- Lysychansk Tire-Repair Plant
- Lysychansk Farm of Poultry
Shopping centers and supermarkets
- Shopping centers:
"Кристалл", "Донбасс", "Лемон", "Октал", "Морозко плаза".
"Сільпо", "Абсолют", "АТБ", "Парус", "Брусниця".
- Electronics Stores:
"Фокстрот", "Comfy", "Diawest"
- The newspaper "Новый путь"
- Television and Radio Company "Акцент"
- Publishing house "Час Пик"
- Child Care №1 "Шпачок"
- Child Care №2 "Бірюза"
- Child Care №3 "Дюймовочка"
- Child Care №4 "Росинка"
- Child Care №5 "Усмішка"
- Child Care №6 "Чайка"
- Child Care №7 "Іскорка"
- Child Care №8 "Світлячок"
- Kindergarten №9 "Червона шапочка"
- Child Care №10 "Малятко"
- Child Care №12 "Катруся"
- Child Care №13 "Ромашка"
- Child Care №14 "Теремок"
- Child Care "Колосок"
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №2
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №3
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №4
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №5
- Special School І-ІІІ levels № 8
- Comprehensive School І-ІІ levels №9
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №12
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №13
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №14
- Comprehensive School І-ІІ levels №18
- Comprehensive School І-ІІ levels №24
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №26
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №27
- Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №30
- Educational Complex School I-II levels - Lyceum "Гарант"
- Lysychansk Lyceum
- Lysychansk Multidisciplinary Gymnasium
- Vocational Technical School № 51
- Higher Vocational School № 94
- Lysychansk Medical School
- Lysychansk Professional Building Lyceum
- Lysychansk Professional Commercial and Culinary Lyceum
- Lysychansk Professional Mining and Industrial Lyceum
- Lysychansk Taras Shevchenko Pedagogical College
- Lysychansk Mountain College
- Lysychansk Petrochemical College
- Lysychansk Branch Donbas State Technical University
- Lysychansk of teaching and counseling center Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs
- Lysychansk Children's Musical School №1
- Lysychansk Children's Musical School №2
- Fox Beam - "the cradle of Donbas."
- Pereezdnyanskaya Church.
- National History Museum and the Polovtsian stone images (center, Lenin).
- Monument to the first mine in the Donbas Region.
- Monument Rudoznattsu Gregory Kapustin (the central market).
- Monument to Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov (District Pereizna).
- House-Museum of Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov (St.Pereezdnaya, the former switch tower) - destroyed.
- T34 Tank - a monument to the defenders and liberators of Lysychansk (Lenin).
- Monument Lysychanam - pilots of the WWII (District RTI, on a former airfield).
- WWII Memorial «Привольнянский плацдарм»
- "Chernobyl" Monument
- Monument to the Soviet Poet Vladimir Nikolaevich Sosyury (Glass District, Square at DC).
- Palace of Culture. Vladimir Nikolaevich Sosyury with a mosaic mural on the theme "Power to the Soviets" and "Astronaut" (Glass-district).
- Claw lake and Recreation area
- City Park "Water Station"
- Gresovsky Recreation Park: in the woods on the left bank of the Seversky Donets River opposite of the Mount of Kirov. The park is now under repair. Between 1940 - 1960 the recreation park of the city, "Lyssoda" and Power Plant was full of attractions and a great stadium for sporting events.
- Конгрессов Яр (Гельмерсенов Яр) - Geological Monument. Long, curved ravine with steep slopes at the end Sverdlova street, which stretches to the railway station Pereizna. On the surface you can see Paleozoic-Mesozoic geological formations. In the 1860s geological expeditions of Academician Gregory Helmersen were carried out, the ravine is now named for him. In the postwar years in the Donbas geological studies were conducted by the World Geological Congress, whose members visited Lysychansk and Gelmersenov Yar.,.
- №1 Plant "Пролетарій" - Brick Plant — € 0.09 or 0,12$
- №2 is currently closed.
- №3 Central Market - Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №3 — € 0.09 or 0,12$
A large number of buses run to and from Lysychansk as well as within the city. Most of the buses running in and out of the city stop running after 6 pm.
- №101: Central Market - mine "Чорноморка"
- №106: Central Market - Berezove
- №107: Central Market - Dibrovka
- №109: Central Market - Plant of Rubber Products — € 0.2 or 0,28$
- №111: Central Market - Plant "Пролетарий" — € 0.11 or 0.16$
- №112: Central Market - Glass Plant — € 0.2 or 0,28$
- №114: Glass Plant - Plant of Rubber Products — € 0.14 or 0,2$
- №191: Central Market - Glass Plant — Plant of Rubber Products — € 0.2 or 0,28$
Railway Station Lysychansk
From the city centre the railway station can be reached by foot, down Malinowski Street, starting from the Central Market (15-20 minute walk) or by bus "Lysychansk - Severodonetsk."
The town has three railway stations: Nasvetevich, Pereizna, Volcheyarskaya, as well as 956th km (stop is for diesel commuter trains). Almost all transit distance trains stop at Stations Pereizna and Volcheyarskaya, allowing residents of Southern Lysychansk not to be dependent on the central railway station.
Trains running through Lysychansk allow access to all of Ukraine as well as run to Russia and Belarus.
Regular bus service is available to many Ukrainian cities. There are direct buses to Donetsk, Kharkiv, Berdyansk, Meriupol, etc.
The nearest airport is located 12 kilometers from the city center, located in Severodonetsk. Built in 1968 the airport is to serve residents and workers of the surrounding cities. The airport is administered by the Lysychansk District pipeline OAO Ukrtransnafta.
- Gregory Kapustin- Russian rudoznatets.
- Vladimir Chernikov (monumental artist, painter)
- Kliment Voroshilov - Marshal of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Soviet Union, the Politburo Central Committee, President of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR | Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
- Volodymyr Sosyura - Ukrainian Soviet poet.
- Peter Severs- Ukrainian writer.
- Dmitry Lalenkov - Honored actor theater and film.
- Kuzema Vadim - author and performer of songs in the style of Russian chanson, nominee of the prize "Chanson, in 2006".
- Igor Sergeyev - Ministry of Defense of Russia | Russian Defense Minister from 1997–2001, Marshal of the Russian Federation.
- Nicholas Chuzhikov - Olympic rowing champion.
- 1939 - 93,000 inhabitants
- 1959 - 114,000 inhabitants
- 1970 - 119,000 inhabitants
- 1989 - 126,503 inhabitants
- 2001 - 115,229 inhabitants
- 2011 - 107,621 inhabitants
- 2012 - 106,557 inhabitants
- 2013 - 104,314 inhabitants
- 2014 - 103,459 inhabitants
Next to the SBU building.
- РЕГІОНИ УКРАЇНИ ТА ЇХ СКЛАД
- "weather.com". weather.com. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Climate figures". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Державний комітет статистики України. Всеукраїнський перепис населення `2001. Чисельність наявного населення та його розподіл за статтю, Луганська область, м. Лисичанськ(міськрада)
- Дністрянський М. С. Етнополітична географія України. Львів: Літопис, 2006. С.464.
- Численность и состав населения Украины по итогам Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001 года
- The Looming Revolt in Lysychansk, The Ukrainian Week (22 July 2013)
- Донецкая складчатая область
- История Луганского края. Глава 3. Луганщина в XIX веке. Геологические исследования края
- Аэропорты Украины — Авиакассы, заказ и продажа авиабилетов, туры и шоп туры — Тур фирма Авиатор — Донецк Киев
- (Капустин, Григорий Григорьевич)
- (Ворошилов, Климент Ефремович)
- (Сосюра, Владимир Николаевич)
- (Кузема Вадим)
- (Игорь Сергеев)
- (Russian) City portal
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lysychansk.|