Lysychansk

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Lysychansk
Лисичанськ
Лисичанск
City of regional significance
Flag of Lysychansk
Flag
Coat of arms of Lysychansk
Coat of arms
Lysychansk is located in Lugansk Oblast
Lysychansk
Lysychansk
Lysychansk is located in Ukraine
Lysychansk
Lysychansk
Coordinates: 48°55′N 38°24′E / 48.917°N 38.400°E / 48.917; 38.400Coordinates: 48°55′N 38°24′E / 48.917°N 38.400°E / 48.917; 38.400
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Luhansk Oblast
Raion Lysychansk Municipality
Founded 17101
City rights 1938
Area[1]
 • Total 95.64 km2 (36.93 sq mi)
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 104,314
 • Density 1,091/km2 (2,830/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 93100 — 93199
Area code(s) +380 6451
Licence plate BB
Website http://lis.gov.ua

Lysychansk Ukrainian: Лисичанськ) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of south-eastern Ukraine. The city is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast, and is located on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River, approximately 90 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk.

In 1952, Lysychansk became the regional center. The present borders of Lysychansk were finalized by the mid-1960s.

  • In 1962 the city of Sieverodonetsk separated from Lysychansk and became its own independent city.
  • In 1963 towns of Novodruzhesk and Pryvillia were included in the city limits of Lysychansk and became cities.
  • In 1965 Lysychansk incorporated the cities of Verkhnye and Proletarsk.

Now, the administration of the Lysychansk Municipality includes cities:

  • Novodruzhesk
  • Pryvillia

Together with the cities of Sieverodonetsk, Rubizhne, Kreminna and the nearest towns, the Lysychansk area constitutes a major urban and industrialized hub of the Donets basin area, with a population of about 353,000 (2009).

Geography[edit]

Lysychansk is located in the North-Western part of the Luhansk region, 90 km from Luhansk, on the high right bank of the Seversky Donets River. The area is surrounded by large hills, ravines and valleys. The city is interestingly situated on the northern spur of the Donets Ridge. This picturesque area was once called "Deer Mountain".

Lysychansk is located in the continental climate of the steppe zone of Ukraine. Water resources stemming from here are one of the most important resources. Seversky Donets is the main water artery of the Lysychansk and the whole region. The length of the Seversky Donets River within the city is 26.5 km. Belenkaya River, a tributary of the Donets River, flows through the southern part of the city, the length of the river within the city is 7.7 km.

Climate[edit]

Lysychansk has a humid continental climate (Dfb/Dfa) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 26–27 °C (78.8–80.6 °F) and lows of 14–15 °C (57.2–59 °F). Winters are relatively cold with average high temperatures of -1 °C (30.2 °F) and lows of −8 to -6 °C (17.6 to 21.2 °F). Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild.[2]

The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 41.0 °C (105.8 °F) on June 1984. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was −34.0 °C (−29.2 °F) on February 1954.

Annual precipitation is 480 millimeters (18.9 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Light snowfall mainly occurs from December through March, but snow cover does not usually remain for long.[3]


Climate data for Lysychansk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
23.0
(73.4)
31.0
(87.8)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104)
40.0
(104)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
21.0
(69.8)
16.0
(60.8)
29.1
(84.4)
Average high °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.0
(41)
15.0
(59)
22.0
(71.6)
26.0
(78.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
21.0
(69.8)
13.0
(55.4)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−5.0
(23)
1.6
(34.9)
9.5
(49.1)
15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68)
22.0
(71.6)
21.0
(69.8)
15.0
(59)
11.0
(51.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−8
(18)
−3.0
(26.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.0
(48.2)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
15.0
(59)
9.0
(48.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6
(21)
3.5
(38.3)
Record low °C (°F) −32.0
(−25.6)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
6.0
(42.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−5.0
(23)
−12.0
(10.4)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−13.7
(7.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 32.0
(1.26)
30.0
(1.181)
36.0
(1.417)
37.0
(1.457)
48.0
(1.89)
53.0
(2.087)
61.0
(2.402)
34.0
(1.339)
45.0
(1.772)
31.0
(1.22)
37.0
(1.457)
36.0
(1.417)
480
(18.899)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.0 5.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 5.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 8.0 89
Source: Microsoft Corporation program "Weather"

History[edit]

The History of the Donetsk coal basin began in 1700 with the decree by Peter I to search for ore deposits, leading to the development of Lysychansk - "the cradle of Donbas". This type of coal mining lead to "pit heaps"- piles of rocks on the surface in the shape of large pyramids.

Previously existing settlements in the area around Lysychansk were completely destroyed by the Muscovy punitive expedition against the Bulavin Rebellion. After the uprising was extinguished the area was resettled with Voronove (founded by Khokhlova Coassacks), Syrotyne (Popov and Sirotina Cossacks), Borovenki (partly settled by Borovschan after the burning of the settlement Bohr), Metelkine (Metelnikova Cossacks) and Smolyaninove (Smolkina Cossacks).

During the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine the town was captured early April 2014 by pro-Russian separatists.[4][5] On 22 July 2014 Ukrainian Ukrinform reported that the separatists "massively leave Lysychansk" with "seized cars from the population and in parking lots"; Russian ITAR-TASS reported the same day that the separatists had "decided to leave the town in order to save the population and stop clashes".[6][7] The next day heavy fighting continued around the town while the Ukrainian National Guard and the Ukrainian army released a statement that stated "the military plan to free Lysychansk, Luhansk region, from terrorist groups in the near future".[8][9] On 24 July 2014 the Ukrainian army claimed its troops had entered Lysychansk and its Col. Andriy Lysenko stated "We will take the town, and the road will be open to Horlivka, then Donetsk".[10][11] On 25 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.[12]

Population[edit]

  • As of 01.04.2010 the population of Lyscychansk was 104,314. The total population of the surrounding area governed by the city council is 120,085 people. (2013) [13]
  • According to the 2001 Census the population was 115,229 people, total area governed by the city council was 133,258 people.[14]

Ethnic Groups

[15]

Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[16]

  • According to the 1989 census the population was 127,000 people.[17]

Industry[edit]

When Lysychansk was a city in the Soviet Union it was among the biggest industrial centres in Luhansk Oblast.[18] It kept this status long after Ukraine became independent in 1991.[18] But since 2010 most major plants have been closed leading to massive lay-offs.[18]

The city and the surrounding area has 5 coal mines owned by Lysychanskvuhillya. Production of coal reserves amount to 179.7 million tons. Production capacity - 2,8 million tons of coal per year.

Companies that are:

Companies that are under construction:

Bankrupt Companies:

  • Lysychansk Plant of Rubber Products
  • Lysychansk Plant of Meat
  • Lysychansk Plant of Bakery
  • Lysychansk Plant of Dairy
  • Lysychansk Plant of Rare Gases
  • Lysychansk Heat Elektrotsentral
  • Lysychansk Tire-Repair Plant
  • Lysychansk Farm of Poultry

Shopping centers and supermarkets[edit]

  • Shopping centers:

"Кристалл", "Донбасс", "Лемон", "Октал", "Морозко плаза".

  • Supermarkets:

"Сільпо", "Абсолют", "АТБ", "Парус", "Брусниця".

  • Electronics Stores:

"Фокстрот", "Comfy", "Diawest"

Media[edit]

  • The newspaper "Новый путь"
  • Television and Radio Company "Акцент"
  • Publishing house "Час Пик"

Education[edit]

Preschool[edit]

  • Child Care №1 "Шпачок"
  • Child Care №2 "Бірюза"
  • Child Care №3 "Дюймовочка"
  • Child Care №4 "Росинка"
  • Child Care №5 "Усмішка"
  • Child Care №6 "Чайка"
  • Child Care №7 "Іскорка"
  • Child Care №8 "Світлячок"
  • Kindergarten №9 "Червона шапочка"
  • Child Care №10 "Малятко"
  • Child Care №12 "Катруся"
  • Child Care №13 "Ромашка"
  • Child Care №14 "Теремок"
  • Child Care "Колосок"

Schools[edit]

Basic[edit]

Higher[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Lysychansk Children's Musical School №1
  • Lysychansk Children's Musical School №2

Attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Public Transport[edit]

(11.04.2014)

Trolley

  • №1 Plant "Пролетарій" - Brick Plant — 0.09 or 0,12$
  • №2 is currently closed.
  • №3 Central Market - Comprehensive School І-ІІІ levels №3 — 0.09 or 0,12$

Bus

A large number of buses run to and from Lysychansk as well as within the city. Most of the buses running in and out of the city stop running after 6 pm.

  • №101: Central Market - mine "Чорноморка"
  • №106: Central Market - Berezove
  • №107: Central Market - Dibrovka
  • №109: Central Market - Plant of Rubber Products — 0.2 or 0,28$
  • №111: Central Market - Plant "Пролетарий" 0.11 or 0.16$
  • №112: Central Market - Glass Plant 0.2 or 0,28$
  • №114: Glass Plant - Plant of Rubber Products — 0.14 or 0,2$
  • №191: Central Market - Glass Plant — Plant of Rubber Products — 0.2 or 0,28$

Railway[edit]

Railway Station Lysychansk

From the city centre the railway station can be reached by foot, down Malinowski Street, starting from the Central Market (15-20 minute walk) or by bus "Lysychansk - Severodonetsk."

The town has three railway stations: Nasvetevich, Pereizna, Volcheyarskaya, as well as 956th km (stop is for diesel commuter trains). Almost all transit distance trains stop at Stations Pereizna and Volcheyarskaya, allowing residents of Southern Lysychansk not to be dependent on the central railway station.

Trains running through Lysychansk allow access to all of Ukraine as well as run to Russia and Belarus.

Intercity Bus[edit]

Regular bus service is available to many Ukrainian cities. There are direct buses to Donetsk, Kharkiv, Berdyansk, Meriupol, etc.

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport is located 12 kilometers from the city center, located in Sieverodonetsk. Built in 1968 the airport is to serve residents and workers of the surrounding cities. The airport is administered by the Lysychansk District pipeline OAO Ukrtransnafta.[21]

Politics[edit]

In the 2010 Presidential Election Viktor Yanukovych won 90.95% of the vote in Lysychansk. Runner up Yulia Tymoshenko received 5.91% of the vote [22]

2004 Presidential Elections the city vote- Viktor Yanukovych (92.51%) and Yushchenko (5.08%) [23]

Famous people[edit]

  • Gregory Kapustin- Russian rudoznatets.[24]
  • Vladimir Chernikov (monumental artist, painter)
  • Kliment Voroshilov - Marshal of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Soviet Union, the Politburo Central Committee, President of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR | Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.[25]
  • Volodymyr Sosyura - Ukrainian Soviet poet.[26]
  • Peter Severs- Ukrainian writer.
  • Dmitry Lalenkov - Honored actor theater and film.
  • Kuzema Vadim - author and performer of songs in the style of Russian chanson, nominee of the prize "Chanson, in 2006".[27]
  • Igor Sergeyev - Ministry of Defense of Russia | Russian Defense Minister from 1997–2001, Marshal of the Russian Federation.[28]
  • Nicholas Chuzhikov - Olympic rowing champion.

Demographics[edit]

  • 1989 - 127,000 inhabitants
  • 2001 - 115,000 inhabitants
  • 2010 - 105,200 inhabitants

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ РЕГІОНИ УКРАЇНИ ТА ЇХ СКЛАД
  2. ^ "weather.com". weather.com. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate figures". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-28292338
  5. ^ https://www.kyivpost.com/multimedia/photo/police-help-kremlin-backed-insurgents-in-luhansk-oblasts-lysychansk-349173.html?flavour=mobile
  6. ^ http://www.ukrinform.ua/eng/news/terrorists_fleeing_from_severodonetsk_and_lysychansk___media_324164
  7. ^ http://en.itar-tass.com/world/741819
  8. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/215022.html
  9. ^ http://www.voanews.com/content/ukraine-to-call-up-more-reservists/1962521.html
  10. ^ http://online.wsj.com/articles/ukraine-president-petro-poroshenko-welcomes-exit-of-two-parties-from-ruling-coalition-1406212857?tesla=y&mg=reno64-wsj&url=http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304521404580049133108271118.html
  11. ^ http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/ukrainian-troops-enter-lysychansk-357777.html
  12. ^ http://online.wsj.com/articles/ukrainian-troops-recapture-rebel-stronghold-of-lysychansk-1406290472?mod=europe_home
  13. ^ lugastat.lg.ua
  14. ^ Державний комітет статистики України. Всеукраїнський перепис населення `2001. Чисельність наявного населення та його розподіл за статтю, Луганська область, м. Лисичанськ(міськрада)
  15. ^ Дністрянський М. С. Етнополітична географія України. Львів: Літопис, 2006. С.464.
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Численность и состав населения Украины по итогам Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001 года
  18. ^ a b c The Looming Revolt in Lysychansk, The Ukrainian Week (22 July 2013)
  19. ^ Донецкая складчатая область
  20. ^ История Луганского края. Глава 3. Луганщина в XIX веке. Геологические исследования края
  21. ^ Аэропорты Украины — Авиакассы, заказ и продажа авиабилетов, туры и шоп туры — Тур фирма Авиатор — Донецк Киев
  22. ^ http://www.electoralgeography.com/new/en/countries/u/ukraine/ukraine-presidential-election-2010.html
  23. ^ http://www.electoralgeography.com/new/en/countries/u/ukraine/ukraine-presidential-election-2004.html
  24. ^ (Капустин, Григорий Григорьевич)
  25. ^ (Ворошилов, Климент Ефремович)
  26. ^ (Сосюра, Владимир Николаевич)
  27. ^ (Кузема Вадим)
  28. ^ (Игорь Сергеев)

External links[edit]

Map of automobile roads surrounding the city.