Lyubytinsky District

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Lyubytinsky District
Любытинский район (Russian)
Location of Lyubytinsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Lyubytinsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°49′N 33°23′E / 58.817°N 33.383°E / 58.817; 33.383Coordinates: 58°49′N 33°23′E / 58.817°N 33.383°E / 58.817; 33.383
Coats of arms of Lyubytino.png
Flag of Lyubytinsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms of Lyubytino and Lyubytinsky District
Flag of Lyubytinsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of February 2013)
Administrative center work settlement of Lyubytino[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 2
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 2
Rural localities 269
Municipal structure (as of March 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Lyubytinsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 2
Statistics
Area 4,500 km2 (1,700 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 9,744 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 49.6%
- Rural 50.4%
Density 2.17 /km2 (5.6 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Previous names Belsky District (until March 11, 1931)[9]
Official website
Lyubytinsky District on WikiCommons

Lyubytinsky District (Russian: Любытинский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Tikhvinsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northeast, Khvoyninsky District in the east, Borovichsky District in the southeast, Okulovsky District in the southwest, Malovishersky District in the west, and with Kirishsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 4,500 square kilometers (1,700 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Lyubytino.[1] Population: 9,744 (2010 Census);[5] 12,432 (2002 Census);[10] 15,263 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Lyubytino accounts for 28.8% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district is split between several drainage basins. The rivers in the northwestern part drain into the Pchyozhva and Oskuya Rivers, left tributaries of the Volkhov. The north of the district lies in the basins of the Syas River and its right tributary, the Volozhba. The center and the south belong to the basin of the Msta River, which crosses the southern part of the district. The principal tributary of the Msta within the district is the Mda, which crosses the whole district from south to north, makes a U-turn near Nebolchi, flows south, and joins the Msta from the right. The rivers in the eastern areas of the district drain into the Pes River. Since the Pes belongs to the basin of the Volga, and the Syas, the Pchyovzha, and the Msta all belong to the basin of the Neva, the district is crossed by the divide between the basins of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea.

There are many lakes in the eastern part of the district, the biggest of which are Lakes Nikulinskoye, Ostrovito, and Omsha. These lakes are of the karst origin. Part of the area is protected as the Karst Lakes Zakaznik.[12]

Much of the area of the district represents the hilly landscape crossed by deep ravines. The northern part of the district belongs to the Tikhvin Ridge, which runs from west to east along the borders of Novgorod and Leningrad Oblasts.[12]

History[edit]

The Msta River was an important waterway connecting Novgorod to the lands in the north, at least from the 9th century. Chronicles mention that Olga of Kiev traveled up the Msta River in 947 and founded a pogost which is believed to have been located close to the current location of Lyubytino. The area eventually fell under control of the Novgorod Republic, and in the 15th century, after the fall of Novgorod, it was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the 16th and the 17th centuries, the region was attractive to monks looking for solitude. In particular, the Ryokonsky Monastery was founded in 1680.[13]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area, which was a part of Borovichsky Uyezd, was transferred to Novgorod Governorate.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Belsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Beloye,[9] was established within Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included a part of former Borovichsky Uyezd and a minor part of former Malovishersky Uyezd.[9] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[14] On March 11, 1931, the administrative center of the district was renamed Lyubytino and the district itself was renamed Lyubytinsky.[9] On July 5, 1944, Lyubytinsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast,[9] where it remained ever since, with a brief interruption in 1963–1964. On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform and split between Borovichsky District and the territory of the town of Borovichi.[15] On February 14, 1964, Lyubytinsky Rural District was established from parts of Borovichsky and Pestovsky Rural Districts. On January 12, 1965, Lyubytinsky Rural District was transformed into a regular district.[15]

Abolished districts[edit]

Effective October 1, 1927, Zhukovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Zhukovo was established, as a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. It incorporated lands which formerly belonged to Tikhvinsky Uyezd of Cherepovets Governorate. On March 11, 1931, Zhukovsky District was renamed Dregelsky and Zhukovo was renamed Dregli. On June 20, 1933, the administrative center of the district was transferred to Nebolchi. Dregelsky District was partially occupied by German forces between October 31 and December 8, 1941. In 1944, the district was transferred to Novgorod Oblast.[16] On February 1, 1963, Dregelsky District was abolished and merged into Pestovsky Rural District.[17] After a number of reforms, on February 14, 1964 the territory of former Dregelsky District (then a part of Pestovsky Rural District) was included into Lyubytinsky District.[18]

In 1927, Budogoshchensky District with the administrative center in the settlement of Budogoshch[19] and Pikalyovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Pikalyovo[20] were also established as a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. In 1932, Budogoshchensky District was abolished and split between Dregelsky and Kirishsky Districts of Leningrad Oblast. In the same year, Pikalyovsky District was abolished and split between Yefimovsky, Tikhvinsky, Khvoyninsky, Kapshinsky, and Dregelsky Districts.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber industry and food industry. In Lyubytino, there is a factory producing paint.[21]

Agrisulture[edit]

The main agricultural specialization in the district is cattle breeding. It experiences a deep crisis.[22]

Transportation[edit]

The railroad connecting Sonkovo and Mga crosses the district. The principal railway station is Nebolchi. In Nebolchi, another railway branches off south. It connects Nebolchi with Okulovka, which lies on the main line connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg. Lyubytino has a railway station on the line connecting Nebolchi and Okulovka.

Lyubytino is connected by roads via Nebolchi and Boksitogorsk with A113 highway which connects Vologda and St. Petersburg, via Antsiferovo with Khvoynaya, with Borovichi, and via Malaya Vishera with M10 highway which connects Moscow and St. Petersburg. There are also local roads.

None of the rivers are navigable within the limits of the district.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Trinity Cathedral of the Ryokonsky Monastery

The district contains 7 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 153 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[23] Six of the seven federal monuments are archaeological sites, and the seventh one is a house in the settlement of Lyubytino.

There is a local museum in Lyubytino.[24]

A traditional handicraft in the district is making containers and storage boxes of birch bark.[24]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #357-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Территория и климат" (in Russian). Администрация Любытинского района. 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ a b c d e Snytko et al., pp. 111–112
  10. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Территория и климат" (in Russian). Администрация Любытинского района. Retrieved June 5, 2012. 
  13. ^ "История Любытинского района" (in Russian). Администрация Любытинского района. 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  14. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  15. ^ a b Snytko et al., pp. 186–190
  16. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 103–104
  17. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 178–179
  18. ^ Snytko et al., p. 221
  19. ^ "Будогощенский район (авг. 1927 г. – янв. 1932 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Пикалевский район (август 1927 г. - январь 1932 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Промышленность посёлка" (in Russian). Любытино и Любытинский район. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  22. ^ Валова, Екатерина (March 1, 2011). "Губернатор Сергей Митин посетил Любытинский район с рабочим визитом" (in Russian). Государственный интернет-канал «Россия. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  24. ^ a b "Любытино". vnovgorod.info. 2012. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №349 от 13 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #349 of November 13, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №357-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Любытинского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №216-ОЗ от 1 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы, содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #357-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Lyubytinsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #216-OZ of March 1, 2013 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Containing the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved January 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]