Máel Coluim I of Strathclyde

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Máel Coluim I of Strathclyde was ruler of the Kingdom of Strathclyde, the probable son of one of his predecessor King Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde; he was brother of Amdarch, who possibly held the throne in 971.

Máel Coluim was king of the Cumbrians by 973, the year for which Florence of Worcester related the Strathclyde king had met King Edgar of England at Chester.[1] Máel Coluim was one of eight kings who allegedly met Edgar and rowed his boat on the River Dee (Afon Dyfrdwy). Another of the kings supposedly present was king Kenneth II of Scotland, and a "Maccus, king of very many islands";[2] (Maccus mac Arailt) of the eight kings listed, only these three Scotland-related kings have their kingdoms named.[3]

Máel Coluim I's existence is confirmed by one other source. The Irish annals give Máel Coluim's father as Dyfnwal, and a death date of 997. The Annals of Ulster reported his obituary as Mael Coluim m. Domnaill, ri Bretan Tuaiscirt, moritur (i.e. "Máel Coluim, son of Dyfnwal, King of the Britons of the North, dies").[4] The father is presumed to be King Dyfnwal III of Strathclyde, making Amdarch of Strathclyde his brother.[5]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Dyfnwal
Amdarch?
King of Strathclyde
x 973-997
Succeeded by
?Eógan

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alan Orr Anderson, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500–1286, (London, 1908), republished, Marjorie Anderson (ed.) (Stamford, 1991), p. 76-7.
  2. ^ loc. cit.
  3. ^ Florence was writing in the early twelfth century, when the King of the English was enjoying overlordship over Scotland and the other sub-kingdoms of northern Britain and the islands; see Richard Oram, The Lordship of Galloway, (Edinburgh, 2000), pp. 62-74; for Macht Haraldsson as a suggestion for Maccus, see ibid., p. 10.
  4. ^ Annals of Ulster, s.a. 997.5, here
  5. ^ Alan MacQuarrie, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), p. 16.

References[edit]

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500–1286, 2 Vols, (Edinburgh, 1922)
  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500–1286, (London, 1908), republished, Marjorie Anderson (ed.) (Stamford, 1991)
  • MacQuarrie, Alan, "The Kings of Strathclyde", in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 1–19
  • Oram, Richard, The Lordship of Galloway, (Edinburgh, 2000)

External links[edit]