||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (November 2012)|
|Stylistic origins||Bouncy techno, trance, Eurodance|
|Cultural origins||Early 1990s
|Typical instruments||Synthesizer, sequencer, keyboard, sampler|
|Derivative forms||Japanese Mákina|
Early 1990s: origins
Dance music in Spain became prominent in 1988 with the rise of acid house. Mákina followed this trend and has its origins in the early 1990s in Valencia, Spain. Derived from another style called Bakalao, which was in reality the local name given to an association of electronic dance music played together with pop and rock tunes in Valencian clubs in the second half of the 1980s.
Mid-1990s: breakthrough and success
The genre gained prominence in 1991 when Spanish producer Chimo Bayo released his single, "Asi Me Gusta A Mi (X-Ta Si, X-Ta No)". The song was a success throughout Europe and the genre soon gained prominence. The genre became extremely popular throughout Spain from 1995 to 1997, as many Mákina oriented singles reached number one on the Spanish Singles Chart. Spanish mákina group EX-3 had two number-one singles, "Extres" and "Ex-P-Cial" in 1995 and 1996, respectively.
Melbourne bounce (not to be confused with hard bounce) is a subgenre of Mákina, Melbourne bounce uses the progression of elements from Mákina tunes, tech-trance synths, electro house stabs and scouse house-influenced basslines from around 135-150 BPM.  Related artists include: Will Sparks, The Blackout Crew, Deorro and Joel Fletcher.
- Carles Feixa; Carmen Costa; Joan Pallarés (2001). From okupas to makineros: citizenship and youth cultures in Spain. Council of Europe. p. 297.
- Damien Simonis (15 March 2007). Spain. Lonely Planet. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-74104-554-3. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- Loretta Chilcoat; Reuben Acciano (15 February 2005). Western Europe. Lonely Planet. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-74059-927-6. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- Christopher Kevin (October 27, 2014). "Will Sparks and Joel Fletcher on the state of the Melbourne bounce". Inthemix.
Joel Fletcher "It’s completely changed from what it was. It used to be very basic and really minimal, like what Joel said before. It works, bro, basically. It’s so different these days, but it’s still staying underground. That’s what I love about it."
- Wow (July 30, 2013). "What Is Melbourne Sound?". Stoney Roads. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Cirillo, Amanda (April 25, 2014). "Start Dancing to Melbourne-Born Bangers". Le Clubz. Retrieved 2014-05-22.