Mátyás Szűrös

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The native form of this personal name is Szűrös Mátyás. This article uses the Western name order.
Mátyás Szűrös
Szuros matyas.jpg
Provisional President of the Republic of Hungary
In office
October 23, 1989 – May 2, 1990
Preceded by Brunó Ferenc Straub
Chairman of the Presidential Council
Succeeded by Árpád Göncz
Personal details
Born (1933-09-11) September 11, 1933 (age 80)
Püspökladány, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party MSZMP (?-1989)
MSZP (1989-2002)
New Left Party (2002-2003)
SZDP (2003-present)
Spouse(s) Andrea Takács

Mátyás Szűrös ([ˈmaːcaːʃ ˈsyːrøʃ]; born September 11, 1933 in Püspökladány) is a Hungarian politician. He served as provisional President of the Republic from October 18, 1989–May 2, 1990. His presidency occurred during Hungary's transition from communist to democratic government.[1]

Szűrös served as Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from March 1989 to May 1990. With the dissolution of the Presidential Council, Szűrös became provisional president under the 1949 Constitution and made the official proclamation that Hungary had removed the "People's" from its official name and was now simply the Republic of Hungary.

He remained a member of the parliament until 2002 as a member of the Hungarian Socialist Party, often voting against the party consensus. He quit the party in 2002, joined the newly established New Left Party and ran as their prime minister candidate on the parliamentary elections, but the formation only got 0.1% of the popular votes. In 2003, he joined the Social Democratic Party and was later elected as the chairman of the party. He resigned his position in 2005.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
István Stadinger
Speaker of the National Assembly
1989–1990
Succeeded by
István Fodor
Preceded by
Brunó Ferenc Straub
Chairman of the Presidential Council
President of Hungary
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Árpád Göncz


Mátyás Szűrös at Szárszó Conference, 1993
Proclamation of the Republic of Hungary, 23rd of October, 1989