Märzen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ayinger Märzen

Märzen or Märzenbier (German: March beer) is a lager that originated in Bavaria.

History[edit]

Märzen (or alternatively Maerzen) has its origins in Bavaria, probably before the 16th century. A Bavarian brewing ordinance decreed in 1553[1] that beer may be brewed only between 29 September and 23 April. The original Märzen was described as "dark brown, full-bodied, and bitter".[2] The beer was often kept in the cellar until late in the summer, and remaining bottles were served at the Oktoberfest. In order to last so long, either the original gravity and alcohol were increased or the hopping was strengthened.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

The style is characterized by a medium to full body, a malty flavour, and a clean dry finish.[citation needed] In Germany, the term covers beers which vary in colour from pale (Helles Märzen), through amber to dark brown (Dunkles Märzen).[3] Common names for Märzen include Märzenbier, Wiener Märzen, Festbier, and Oktoberfestbier.

The Austrian style is light in colour, body, and flavour balance, and is the most popular beer style among the beers in Austria.[4] Austrian Märzenbiers often use caramel malts that impart a sweeter flavour than their German counterparts.[citation needed]

Brewers in the Czech Republic also produce pale, amber, and dark beers in the Märzen style, called respectively 14° Světlé Speciální Pivo, Polotmavé Speciální Pivo, and Tmavé Speciální Pivo.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Märzenbier" by Dorst Hornbusch, page 573, "The Oxford Companion to Beer" edited by Garrett Oliver, 2012
  2. ^ "Oekonomische Encyklopädie" by Johann Georg Krünitz, 1773, vol. 5 page 156.
  3. ^ "Bierspezialitäten". Märzen. Deutscher Brauer Bund. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  4. ^ The New World Guide to Beer, Michael Jackson page 193, ISBN 0-7475-0227-7
  5. ^ Czech Breweries