Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne

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Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne
ﺑﻮﻣﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺮ ع هﻮارى
Commune and town
Location of Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne commune within Béchar Province
Location of Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne commune within Béchar Province
Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne is located in Algeria
Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne
Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne
Location of Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne within Algeria
Coordinates: 30°55′56″N 2°44′15″W / 30.93222°N 2.73750°W / 30.93222; -2.73750Coordinates: 30°55′56″N 2°44′15″W / 30.93222°N 2.73750°W / 30.93222; -2.73750
Country  Algeria
Province Béchar Province
District Abadla District
Area[1]
 • Total 2,820 km2 (1,090 sq mi)
Elevation 572 m (1,877 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Total 3,091
 • Density 1.1/km2 (2.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne (Arabic: ﺑﻮﻣﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺮ ع هﻮارى‎) is a town and commune in Abadla District, Béchar Province, in western Algeria. According to the 2008 census its population is 3,091,[2] down from 3,133 in 1998,[3] with an annual growth rate of -0.1%.[2] The commune covers an area of 2,820 square kilometres (1,090 sq mi).[1]

Etymology[edit]

The town is named after Houari Boumediene, a former president of Algeria.

Geography[edit]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne lies at an elevation of 572m to the west of the Oued Guir, an intermittent wadi, and just south of the town of Abadla. From here through Abadla to Erg Ferradj is the site of an extensive 3000 hectare palm plantation.[4]

Climate[edit]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne has a hot desert climate, with extremely hot summers and cool winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main industry in Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne. The commune has a total of 2,030 hectares (5,000 acres) of arable land, of which 1,856 hectares (4,590 acres) is irrigated.[5] There are a total of 41,850 date palms planted in the commune.[6] As of 2009 there were 791 sheep, 2,986 goats, 1,636 camels, and 10 cattle. There were also 14,600 chickens in 6 buildings.[7]

Infrastructure and housing[edit]

100% of Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne's population is connected to drinking water,[8] 99% is connected to the sewerage system,[9] and 83% (including 555 buildings) have access to electricity.[10] There are no fuel service stations in the town; the nearest is in Abadla.[11]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne has a total of 759 houses, of which 511 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 6.0 inhabitants per occupied building.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne is on the N6 national highway between Béchar to the northeast and Adrar to the southeast. The town of Abadla is on the highway to the north, while to the south the towns of Igli, Béni Abbès and others can be accessed. The N50 highway leaves the N6 to the west just to the north of Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne; it eventually leads to Tindouf, passing Hamaguir and Tinfouchy on the way.

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne is 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Abadla, and 111 kilometres (69 mi) from the provincial capital, Béchar.[4]

There is a total length of 147 kilometres (91 mi) of roads in the commune.[13]

Education[edit]

There are 2 elementary schools, with 24 classrooms including 14 in use.[14] There are a total of 732 school students.[15]

3.6% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 13.8% has competed secondary education.[16] The overall literacy rate is 63.9%, and is 70.2% among males and 57.7% among females. The rate for males is the lowest in the province, and the rates overall and for females are the second lowest.[17]

Health[edit]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne has a hospital, which is a central focus of healthcare for Abadla district and Tabelbala. There are also a polyclinic, a room care facility, and a medical operating theatre.[18]

Religion[edit]

Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne has 2 operational mosques.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population, Area and Density per Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population: Béchar Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Presentation" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Béchar. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Distribution of Agricultural Land" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Plant Productions" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Animal Production" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Drinking Water" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sewerage Networks" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Electrification" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fuel Distribution" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Housing" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Density Kilometres" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "School Infrastructure" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Number of Pupils" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Health Facilities by Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "Mosques and Koranic Rooms" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 


Neighbouring towns and cities