Mérida (state)

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Mérida State
Estado Mérida
State
Flag of Mérida State
Flag
Coat of arms of Mérida State
Coat of arms
Anthem: Mérida State Anthem
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
Coordinates: 8°29′N 71°11′W / 8.48°N 71.19°W / 8.48; -71.19Coordinates: 8°29′N 71°11′W / 8.48°N 71.19°W / 8.48; -71.19
Country  Venezuela
Created 1864
Capital Mérida
Government
 • Governor Alexis Ramírez (2012–present)
Area
 • Total 11,300 km2 (4,400 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
  1.23% of Venezuela
Population (2007 est.)
 • Total 843,800
 • Rank 14th
  3,1% of Venezuela
Time zone UTC-04:30
ISO 3166 code VE-L
Emblematic tree Bucare ceibo (Erythrina poeppigiana)
Website www.merida.com.ve

Mérida (Spanish: Estado Mérida, IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈmeɾiða]) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. The state capital is Mérida.

Mérida State covers a total surface area of 11,300 square kilometres (4,363 sq mi) and, in 2007, had an estimated population of 843,800.

Climate and Vegetation[edit]

The countryside in Mérida

The climate is temperate but in the relatively small area of Mérida state, there are usually several dramatic climatic changes that occur daily. The climate in Mérida city has an average high temperatures between 24 °C and 25 °C, and low temperatures between 14 °C and 16 °C. At El Bolivar Peak the temperatures tend between 5 °C and 9 °C, but some times dip below freezing. El Vigía sees temperatures around 28 °C. It rains almost every late afternoon in January–February. These are the coldest months. In August and September it often rains at night. The vegetation is exuberant and there are many lakes and rivers, a great number of which are well stocked with trout, one of the delicacies of Mérida. The most important river in the state is the "Chama" because a large part of the water resources of Venezuela originates in the Mérida mountains. The state tree is the "Bucare" and the state flower is the "Frailejón", The "Coloradito" contains the tree that is found at the highest altitude in the world. In this mountains habitat the "Oso Frontino" bear and the Condor flies through the skies of the páramos and in the lagoons there are many trout.

Municipalities and municipal seats[edit]

The Mérida cable car, the highest and largest in the world.
Mucubají lagoon, Sierra Nevada National Park.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

http://merida.travel - the oficial travel website about Merida en Venezuela