Mölkky (Finnish: [ˈmœlkːy]) is a Finnish throwing game invented by Tuoterengas company in 1996. It is reminiscent of kyykkä, a centuries-old throwing game with Karelian roots. However, mölkky does not require as much physical strength as kyykkä, and is more suitable for everyone regardless of age and condition. Mölkky requires no special equipment and success is based on a combination of chance and skill. Tuoterengas has sold nearly 200,000 sets in Finland. Tuoterengas owns the Mölkky-trademark.
The players use a wooden pin (also called "mölkky") to try and knock over wooden pins (also called "skittles") of almost similar dimensions with the throwing pin, which are marked with numbers from 1 to 12. The pins are initially placed in a tight group in an upright position 3–4 metres away from the throwing place (order of pins; 1st row-1_2, 2nd row-3_10_4, 3rd row-5_11_12_6, 4th row-7_9_8). Knocking over one pin scores the amount of points marked on the pin. Knocking 2 or more pins scores the amount of pins knocked over (e.g. 3 pins score 3 points). A pin does not count if it is leaning on the mölkky or one of the numbered pins (they have to be parallel to the ground to count). After each throw, the pins are lifted up again in the exact location where they landed. The first one to reach exactly 50 points wins the game. Scoring more than 50 will be penalised by setting the player's score back to 25 points. A player will be eliminated from the game if they miss all of the target pins three times in a row.
Organizations and competitions
The Finnish championships for mölkky have been organised in Lahti since 1997 by the union of youth clubs in Southern Tavastia. The technology students in Tampere organised world championships in academic mölkky in 2001. The Finnish Mölkky Union has been formed to promote the game and its subculture. An Australian Championship is planned for 2010.
There are several companies selling their own branded versions of the game in Australia under names such as Finska and Klop.
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- Finnish International Mölkky Association web site (in Finnish)
- Tuoterengas (in Finnish)
- Mölkky Store USA
- TossingGames.com (in English)
- Slovak Mölkky Association (in Slovak)
- Molkky UK Store
- Android App to manage Molkky score
- Molkky Scores Android App
- Molkky Association in French (in French)
- Japan Molkky Association
- Czech Mölkky Association