Mörön

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Mörön
Мөрөн
ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ
District
Mörön District
Мөрөн сум
ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Mörön from south, July 2008
Mörön from south, July 2008
Mörön is located in Mongolia
Mörön
Mörön
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 49°38′08″N 100°09′20″E / 49.63556°N 100.15556°E / 49.63556; 100.15556Coordinates: 49°38′08″N 100°09′20″E / 49.63556°N 100.15556°E / 49.63556; 100.15556
Country Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Province Khövsgöl
Area
 • District 39.7 sq mi (102.9 km2)
 • Urban 6.19 sq mi (16.04 km2)
Elevation 5,610 ft (1,710 m)
Population (2010)
 • District 35,789
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 (0)138
License plate ХӨ (_ variable)

Mörön (Mongolian: Мөрөн, lit. "river"; also spelled Murun) is the administrative center of Khövsgöl Aimag (province) in northern Mongolia. Before 1933, Khatgal had been the Aimag capital.

Mörön has a hospital, a museum, a theatre, a post office, several schools and kindergartens, as well as one of the biggest outdoor markets in the country. The town has its own power station. Additionally, it was connected to the Mongolian central power grid in 2004. The town has a paved road connecting to Mongolia's capital city Ulaanbaatar as of December, 2014 [1]

History[edit]

The settlement stems from the Möröngiin Khuree monastery which had been founded in 1809/11 on the banks of the Delgermörön river. By the beginning of the 20th century, the monastery had grown to a population of about 1300 lamas, but was destroyed in 1937. A small new monastery Danzadarjaa Khiid has been erected on the western edge of the town in the 1990s.

Population[edit]

In the western part of Mörön
Mörön population [2][3][4][5][6][7][8]
1959
est.
1969
census
1979
census
1989
census
1994
est.
2000
census
2005
est.
2007
est.
2010
census
9,000 11,200 16,500 21,300 27,230 28,147 35,872 36,082 35,789

Most of inhabitants live in yurt quarters.


According to the Twitter feed of Misha Collins (actor in the popular TV show "Supernatural") he also resides here.

Airport[edit]

The Mörön Airport (ICAO:ZMMN, IATA: MXV) has two runways, one paved and one gravel. It is served by regular flights from and to Ulan Bator. Some flights to the western Aimags may also stop over here.

Climate[edit]

Mörön experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, very dry, frigid winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Mörön
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
9.2
(48.6)
18.7
(65.7)
27.1
(80.8)
32.5
(90.5)
35.4
(95.7)
33.9
(93)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
23.6
(74.5)
10.7
(51.3)
9.6
(49.3)
35.4
(95.7)
Average high °C (°F) −14.5
(5.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
0.8
(33.4)
9.9
(49.8)
18.2
(64.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.4
(74.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
7.6
(45.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−12.1
(10.2)
6.82
(44.27)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.7
(−8.9)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
1.4
(34.5)
9.7
(49.5)
15.2
(59.4)
16.2
(61.2)
14.4
(57.9)
7.9
(46.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
−11.4
(11.5)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−1.34
(29.59)
Average low °C (°F) −28.8
(−19.8)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−15.9
(3.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
1.2
(34.2)
7.5
(45.5)
10.1
(50.2)
7.6
(45.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−8.47
(16.76)
Record low °C (°F) −45.7
(−50.3)
−44.3
(−47.7)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−37.9
(−36.2)
−45.8
(−50.4)
−45.8
(−50.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.051)
1.0
(0.039)
0.8
(0.031)
7.0
(0.276)
15.3
(0.602)
42.6
(1.677)
59.6
(2.346)
54.1
(2.13)
17.5
(0.689)
5.3
(0.209)
1.9
(0.075)
1.4
(0.055)
207.8
(8.18)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.4 2.9 6.8 10.2 8.0 3.7 1.3 0.3 0.4 36.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.4 199.0 252.6 250.0 294.5 291.5 274.3 274.1 249.0 224.9 168.1 154.5 2,800.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [9]

Notable Buildings[edit]

  • There were 60 temples and monasteries in Mörön at the end of the 19th century. Möröngiin Chüree Khiid Monastery in which about 2500 monks were living was the most important one. It was famous for its Tsam dances. In 1937, however, the monasteries and temples of Mörön were all destroyed by order of the then president Khorloogiin Choibalsan, like everywhere in Mongolia. Danzadardscha Khiid, a small new monastery, was built in a traditional style in the western part of Mörön in June 1990, and 40 monks are living there at present.[10] Several stupas and a tall Buddha statue were built around it as well.
  • Further notable buildings are to be found in the Central Square: The municipal theatre and the Post Office are on the southern and southwestern edges of the large Central Square. Opposite, the Town Hall which was built in a typical socialist style, is worth a look as well. In the middle of the square, an equestrian statue was erected as a monument for Chingunjav, the leader of a local rebellion against the Qing dynasty, in 2010. This equestrian statue replaced an older monument for Davaadorj (see below).
  • The monument for Davaadorj, a Mongolian border guard from Khövsgöl that was killed in a skirmish on the Khovd/Xinjiang border in 1948, has been moved to the compound of the border troops, around 300 m northeast of the central square.
  • Another sightworthy memorial was erected in front of the airport, referring to Khainzangiin Gelenkhüü (Хайнзангийн Гэлэнхүү) (1870–1938), a buddhist monk who tried to fly with wings made of sheep leather near the town of Jargalant in the 1930s.[11]
  • The Aimag Museum, founded in 1949, is located half-way between the Central Square and the Wrestlers' Stadium. It shows about 4000 objects, e.g. are traditional clothes and other items of minorities living in Khövsgöl Aimag.[12]
  • The Wrestlers' Stadium is an interessting modern building in the eastern part of the town. In front of it, a memorial was erected to honour three famous wrestlers stemming from Mörön. A special park for children was laid out opposite the stadium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ / "Ulaanbaatar Murun Paved Road Complete". 
  2. ^ National Statistical Office
  3. ^ National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  4. ^ GeoHive: Global Statistics
  5. ^ Population Statistics: historical demography
  6. ^ M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001,passim
  7. ^ Rural Poverty Reduction Programme: official site
  8. ^ Khövsgöl Aimag Statistical Yearbook 2007
  9. ^ "Muren Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 150. London 2008.
  11. ^ Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 163. London 2008.
  12. ^ Marion Wisotzki: Mongolei, p. 232. Berlin 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to Mörön at Wikimedia Commons