Müncheberg

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For the WWII Luftwaffe ace, see Joachim Müncheberg.
Müncheberg
Church in Münchehofe
Church in Münchehofe
Coat of arms of Müncheberg
Coat of arms
Müncheberg   is located in Germany
Müncheberg
Müncheberg
Coordinates: 52°30′13″N 14°08′23″E / 52.50361°N 14.13972°E / 52.50361; 14.13972Coordinates: 52°30′13″N 14°08′23″E / 52.50361°N 14.13972°E / 52.50361; 14.13972
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Märkisch-Oderland
 • Mayor (Die Linke)
Area
 • Total 151.93 km2 (58.66 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,686
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15374
Dialling codes 033432
Vehicle registration MOL
Website www.muencheberg.de

Müncheberg is a small town in Märkisch-Oderland, Germany approximately half-way between Berlin and the border with Poland.

Geography[edit]

Prior to 2003 the area today covered by Müncheberg was organized as the so-called "Amt Müncheberg". It included eight municipalities that were incorporated on March 31, 2002 to form the town of Müncheberg:

(population in parentheses)

  • Müncheberg (5,190)
  • Obersdorf (253)
  • Hermersdorf (273)
  • Trebnitz (509)
  • Eggersdorf (345)
  • Hoppegarten (268)
  • Jahnsfelde (295)
  • Münchehofe (102)

History[edit]

Müncheberg was founded between 1225 and 1232 by Cistercian monks who had been given the land by the Piast Duke of Lower Silesia, Henry I the Bearded. A citation in a document from June 29, 1232, marks the official date of the founding of Müncheberg. This first settlement was called "Lubes" by the monks in honor of the monastery in Leubus (Lubiąż), Silesia, where they originally came from. This name was not kept for long and in February 1233 the settlement was first mentioned as Munichberc (Middle High German for "Monk's Hill") in a charter by Pope Gregory IX. The settlement grew quickly and gained town privileges in 1245. The increasing prosperity led to the construction of a 7 meter (23 ft) high city wall in 1319.

On April 17, 1432, the town was conquered by the Hussites who plundered the church and set the town on fire. In 1605 an epidemic of bubonic plague infested Müncheberg, killing 696 inhabitants. By 1624 about 1,300 people were living in the town again. Following the Thirty Year War (1618–1648) and further epidemics, the number of inhabitants dropped to less than 400 in 1655.

Ca. 1700 the first Huguenot refugees settled in Müncheberg and the town became a permanent military base. The population increased and by 1800 the town was flourishing again. The first school was constructed in 1852 as well as a new synagogue (1856) for the Jewish community. The railway between Berlin and the eastern Germany started operating on October 1, 1867 giving Müncheberg a fast connection to the capital. The first volunteer fire brigade was formed in 1888. During World War I, 129 soldiers from Müncheberg were killed in action. In 1928 the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Züchtungsforschung ("Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Breeding Research") was opened. In World War II, more than 400 inhabitants of Müncheberg died fighting on various battlefields in Europe. Combat in Müncheberg between the Wehrmacht and the Red Army took place from April 17 to April 19, 1945 and destroyed 85% of the town.

After World War II, Müncheberg was part of the Soviet occupation zone. From 1949 until the German Reunification on October 3, 1990, the town was a municipality in the Bezirk (district) Frankfurt (Oder) of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

Demography[edit]

Müncheberg:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 6 792
1890 6 967
1910 6 695
1925 7 570
1933 7 832
1939 8 131
1946 7 683
1950 8 565
1964 7 933
1971 7 844
Year Population
1981 7 408
1985 7 203
1989 7 120
1990 7 006
1991 6 942
1992 6 972
1993 7 265
1994 7 545
1995 8 003
1996 8 083
Year Population
1997 8 143
1998 8 035
1999 8 069
2000 8 018
2001 7 834
2002 7 814
2003 7 499
2004 7 471
2005 7 471
2006 7 418
Year Population
2007 7 314
2008 7 246
2009 7 177
2010 7 150
2011 6 818
2012 6 686

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Businesses[edit]

Several grocery stores are located in the town beside other stores that fulfill the everyday needs of the citizens:

  • 2 pharmacies
  • 2 gas stations
  • several bakeries
  • several butchers
    Palace in Trebnitz
  • 2 florists
  • 2 department stores
  • book store
  • electric appliances store

Education and social life[edit]

Müncheberg serves as a regional center for the area. Facilities include:

  • Grundschule Müncheberg (elementary school; grades 1-6)
  • Gesamtschule mit gymnasialer Oberstufe Müncheberg (grades 7-10; with Fachoberschulreife as school-leaving diploma, qualifying for vocational school; - since 2005: grades 11-13; with Abitur as school leaving exam, qualifying for university)
  • Berufsschule Müncheberg (vocational school)

The Gymnasium Müncheberg (grades 7-13; with Abitur as school-leaving exam, qualifying for university) which was established on the foundation walls of a former military barracks in 1991 - as a sign of the dawning of a new age - was closed in July 2007 in the aftermath of the 1990s decline in the birth rate. Between August 22, 1991 and July 11, 2007, up to 750 pupils per year were finishing their secondary education at this grammar school.

Müncheberg is home to the ZALF - Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research). Currently there are 428 scientists and technicians employed doing research at seven different institutes including the German Entomological Institute.

Several physicians and dentists have settled in Müncheberg providing medical care for the area. There is also an ambulance based in Müncheberg being responsible for all medical emergencies in the southern area of the county. Firefighting and most of all other emergencies are handled by the volunteer fire brigade of Müncheberg. Besides that there are also two police officers assigned to Müncheberg.

Münchehofe[edit]

Münchehofe is the second oldest and smallest township (102 residents) of the town of Müncheberg.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Müncheberg at Wikimedia Commons