Mürefte

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Mürefte (formerly Myriophyton; Greek: Μυριόφυτο, also Myriophytum) is a village in the district of Şarköy, Turkey, on the Sea of Marmara about 51 km southwest of Tekirdağ.

The early history of this town is not known. We find it mentioned for the first time in connection with an earthquake which destroyed it in the year 1063.[1] It was visited by John Cantacuzene about 1350.[2]

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

The original diocese was in Thracia Prima, a suffragan of Heraclea Perinthos.

A diocese of Peristatis (modern Şarköy) was established by 1170.[3] The see was later transferred to Myriophyton, and renamed Peristasis and Myriophyton, mentioned first in a Notitia episcopatuum of the end of the fifteenth century.[4] In the sixteenth century Myriophytum displaced Peristasis, and the diocese took the name of Myriophyturn and Peristasis.[5]

The Greek Orthodox diocese became in January 1909 an autocephalous metropolitan see, the Metropolitanate of Myriophyton and Peristasis. The Orthodox population of the metropolitanate was evacuated in October 1922, just before the Greek-Turkish population exchange, leaving no Orthodox population since then, but the church continues to appoint titular metropolitans to the see.[6]

The last Roman Catholic holder of the titular see of Myriophytos or Miriofido died in 1932, and the see has been suppressed.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Muralt, "Essai de chronologie byzantine", II, 8.
  2. ^ Hist., III, 76.
  3. ^ Parthey, "Hieroclis Synecdemus", 103.
  4. ^ Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte ... Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum, 633.
  5. ^ Le Quien, Oriens christianus, I, 1151.
  6. ^ Demetrius Kiminas, The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitans with Annotated Hierarch Catalogs, 2009, ISBN 1-4344-5876-8, p. 61 full text
  7. ^ http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/d3m80.html

References[edit]

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Myriophytum". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  The entry cites:
  • Drakos, Thrakika (in Greek, Athens, 1892), 72-93.

Coordinates: 40°40′N 27°15′E / 40.667°N 27.250°E / 40.667; 27.250