Mărginimea Sibiului (Hungarian: Szeben-Hegyalja) is an area which comprises 18 Romanian localities in the south-western part of the Sibiu County, in southern Transylvania, all of them having a unique ethnological, cultural, architectural and historical heritage.
The area is situated in the immediate vicinity of the cradle of Saxon Civilisation in Transylvania - the city of Sibiu, and has an area of over 200 km² limited by the Sadu River in the south and the Sălişte river in the north. The villages are situated around the valleys of different rivers which flow from the Cindrel Mountains through the Transylvanian Plateau.
The region comprises the following villages and towns:
- Fântânele, Sibiu
- Gura Râului
- Poiana Sibiului
- Râul Sadului
- Săliște (town)
- Tălmaciu (town)
The oldest known village is Rășinari, which dates to 1204, followed by Tălmaciu (1318), Orlat (1322) and Săliște (1354). Throughout their history, these settlements were sometimes (along with the Ţara Făgăraşului) part of the Romanian principality of Wallachia. An important event in the area was the establishment in the 18th century by Maria Theresa of the 1st Romanian border regiment at Orlat. Also, Boița was a border village, at the end of the passageway along the Olt River.
Predominantly, the people were shepherds who continuously crossed the Carpathian Mountains, maintaining the essential link between the Romanian communities to the north and south of the mountains. Activities closely related to shepherding, such as wool and leather manufacturing, are still well maintained in the area to this day.
The area has a rich variety of customs related to different times in the year and in life. To this day, it is a custom to wear the traditional folk costume - black and white, with a particular round shaped hat without borders worn by the men at the most important occasions. Painting on glass is a tradition in this area, strongly connected to the Romanian Orthodox Church which is by far the main religion of the inhabitants.
The architecture is strongly influenced by the Saxons, with big imposing houses, with an internal yard well closed on all sides. Wood was traditionally the main material used in construction, but bricks have replaced it in the last hundred years; today, only a small number of wooden houses can be found.
Places to see
The oldest church in the area can be found at Săliște; it is a painted church dating to 1674. Other old churches are the wooden church from Poiana Sibiului - 1771 - and the church from Tălmăcel - 1776.
In Rășinari and Săliște there are some small village museums and also memorial houses. Emil Cioran is the best-known personality to have been born in this area. Additionally, Octavian Goga, a Romanian poet and a politician from the interwar period, along with more than six Romanian academicians, are natives of this area. There is a museum in Sibiel dedicated to glass-painted icons.
A more modern museum can be found in Sadu, the place where the first electrical hydro-power plant was built in 1896 - the third one in Europe.
- Cornel Mișinger, Monografia Satului Fântânele (Cacova) din Mărginimea Sibiului, Casa de Presă și Editură Tribuna, Sibiu, 2006, ISBN 973-7749-11-1.
- Victor Voicu-Vedea, Ioan Părean, Mărginimea Sibiului. Ghid de turism rural, Editura Salgo, Sibiu, 2008, ISBN 978-973-88687-7-9.