Mława

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°07′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367

Mława
Air view of Mława
Air view of Mława
Flag of Mława
Flag
Coat of arms of Mława
Coat of arms
Mława is located in Poland
Mława
Mława
Coordinates: 53°7′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Mława County
Gmina Mława (urban gmina)
Established 15th century
Town rights 1429
Government
 • Mayor Sławomir Kowalewski
Area
 • Total 35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation 180 m (590 ft)
Lowest elevation 135 m (443 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 30,957
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 06-500 to 06-501
Area code(s) +48 023
Car plates WML
Website http://www.mlawa.um.gov.pl

Mława [ˈmwava] is a town in north-central Poland with 30 957 inhabitants (30 June 2012). It is currently the capital of the Mława County.[1]

The town is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously it was part of the Ciechanów Voivodeship (since 1975). During the Invasion of Poland in 1939, the Battle of Mława was fought to the north of the city.

History[edit]

First mention of Mława comes from July 2, 1426, when three princes of Mazovia - Siemowit V, Trojden II and Władysław I came here to a session of a local court. It is not known if Mława had already been an urban center, as there are no sources which would prove it. Three years later, Mława was incorporated as a town[2] and in 1521 during the Polish-Teutonic War, the town was captured and looted by the Teutonic Knights. In 1659 the town was burned by the Swedish troops, and in 1795, following the Partitions of Poland, Mława became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

After Napoleonic Wars, Mława was incorporated into the Russian Empire, where it remained until World War I. Since the town was located in proximity to the pre-1914 Russian-German border, Mława was a place of heavy fighting. During the interbellum period, government of the Second Polish Republic constructed several fortifications, and in the opening stages of World War II, the advancing German Wehrmacht faced strong resistance from the Polish Army. During the occupation the Jewish cemetery was destroyed and the hatred of Jews was so intense that a memorial to Holocaust victims was damaged by the Poles several times after the war.[3]

In 1991, it was theatre of the Mława pogrom.

Industry[edit]

There's a large LG factory manufacturing TV sets and monitors located near the city.

Mława was the first site of deployment for CONVAERO Polska's Bio-Dry™ technology project, where an annual throughput of 96,000 tonnes of MSW shredded is processed to achieve a 25% reduction in moisture and results in an easily separated and recycled end material [4]

Notable people related to Mława[edit]

Barbara Rogowska - Polish comedian actress and comic.

Joseph Opatoshu - Yiddish novelist and short story writer.

Józef Skrobiński - Film director and painter.

Sir Isaac Isaacs - Australian judge and politician who served as the 3rd Chief Justice of Australia and the 9th Governor-General, father born in Mława.

Sport[edit]

Mława is home to MKS Mława, a men's football team, promoted to 2nd league in 2004/2005 season.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Mława is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]