Mékinac Regional County Municipality

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Mékinac
Regional county municipality
Quebec MRC Mékinac location map.svg
Coordinates: 46°49′N 72°31′W / 46.817°N 72.517°W / 46.817; -72.517Coordinates: 46°49′N 72°31′W / 46.817°N 72.517°W / 46.817; -72.517[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Mauricie
Effective January 1, 1982
County seat Saint-Tite
Municipalities
Government[2]
 • Type Prefecture
 • Prefect Alain Vallée
Area[2][3]
 • Total 5,554.90 km2 (2,144.76 sq mi)
 • Land 5,226.08 km2 (2,017.80 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 12,924
 • Density 2.5/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 2.0%
 • Dwellings 8,237
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Website www.regionmekinac.com

Mékinac is a regional county municipality (MRC) in the administrative region of Mauricie, in the province of Quebec, Canada. Its seat is Saint-Tite. It is composed of 10 municipalities and 4 unorganized territories.

Toponomy[edit]

According to the Commission de Toponymie du Québec, the name Mekinac, pronounced /mekinak/ in French, has an Algonquin origin, that means "turtle". Native Americans often designated places based on the name of the animal kingdom. Once known, the toponym allowed to refer to the same place in conversations. Mikinak designation was assigned to a nearby mountain. A second thesis refers to the abundance of turtles in the area.[2] However, the name is also similar to the historical Algonquin word mekanâc, pronounced /me:kana:ʃ/, meaning "small path". The toponym Mekinac was assigned to the Mékinac River, Mékinac Lake, at Mékinac (township), in the ex-municipality of Saint-Joseph-de-Mékinac, Quebec, and town of Saint-Roch-de-Mékinac.

History[edit]

Mékinac MRC was created on January 1, 1982.

Subdivisions[edit]

There are 14 subdivisions within the RCM:[2]

Municipalities of MRC Mékinac[edit]

Municipality Status Surface
km2
Population (2011)[4] Density
hab./km2
Grandes-Piles Municipality of village 120.53 361 3.0
Hérouxville Municipality of parish 53.04 1,340 25.3
Lac-aux-Sables Municipality of parish 270.38 1,373 5.1
Lac-Boulé Unorganized area (Canada) 22.96 0 0.0
Lac-Masketsi Unorganized area (Canada) 213.29 0 0.0
Lac-Normand Unorganized area (Canada) 2,038.09 5 0.0
Notre-Dame-de-Montauban Municipality 165.37 747 4.5
Rivière-de-la-Savane Unorganized area (Canada) 1,088.02 0 0.0
Saint-Adelphe Municipality of parish 137.45 952 6.9
Saint-Roch-de-Mékinac Municipality of parish 144.59 438 3.0
Saint-Séverin Municipality of parish 62.28 860 13.8
Saint-Tite City 92.53 3,880 41.9
Sainte-Thècle Municipality 213.46 2,478 11.6
Trois-Rives Municipality 603.94 490 0.8
Total 5,226.08 12,919 2.47

Between 2006 and 2011, the population grew by 2.0%. The MRC has 8,237 private dwellings whose 6,096 private dwellings are occupied by usual residents. The median age of the population is 52.6 years old. Statistics Canada reports that in 2011, 88.5% of the population was aged 15 and over, meanings 11,430 individuals (including 5700 men and 5730 women), divided into 3,940 private households. This census indicates that 2,070 people lived alone. Of this population, 1,880 individuals have mastered both French and English, or 14.6%.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Access Routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the municipality, including external routes that start or finish at the county border:[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 141055 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b c d Ministère des Affaires municipale et des Régions du Québec. "Mékinac - Résertoire des municipalités". Retrieved 2008-01-11. 
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2435) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ Recensement de 2011 du Canada
  5. ^ [Link Canada - 2011 Census Profile]
  6. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map