Mölnlycke

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Mölnlycke
Central Mölnlycke
Central Mölnlycke
Mölnlycke is located in Sweden
Mölnlycke
Mölnlycke
Coordinates: 57°40′N 12°07′E / 57.667°N 12.117°E / 57.667; 12.117Coordinates: 57°40′N 12°07′E / 57.667°N 12.117°E / 57.667; 12.117
Country Sweden
Province Västergötland
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Härryda Municipality and
Mölndal Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 8.10 km2 (3.13 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 15,608
 • Density 1,928/km2 (4,990/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Mölnlycke is a small town nearby Greater Gothenburg, a locality and the seat of Härryda Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden. It had 15,608 inhabitants in 2010.[1] The urban area stretches over two municipalities, Mölndal Municipality is the second.

Municipality Population Other
urban
areas
Other Total  % of
municipality
population
Härryda 13,585 12,262 4,429 30,276 44.87
Mölndal 90 53,389 2,658 56,137 0.16
Total 13,675 65,651 7,087 86,413 15.83

History[edit]

The first people to settle in the area that would later become Mölnlycke came there during the Stone Age. At this time there were five lakes, which today are formed into one single lake. The lake shore is one of the places where many ancient remains have been found. It is speculated that when people learned to farm, this population moved out of the region to an area better for farming. The next known human settlement was during the Middle Ages, and this is also when the first Råda Church was built. During the Middle Ages, the border with Denmark went through what is today Mölnlycke and therefore the area was much affected by war between Denmark and Sweden.[2]

The first time the name Mölnlycke was mentioned that we know of was 1576. The name was originally made up of the two Old Swedish words “mölna” and “lycka”, literally meaning mill field. It probably came from a mill built at the location of today's Mölnlycke Fabriker during the Middle Ages.[2]

In 1849, Gustaf Ferdinand Hennig founded Mölnlycke Väfveri AB, a textile manufacturer, which has had a big impact on Mölnlycke. In addition to attracting many workers to the city, it also led to the building of the railway between Gothenburg and Borås, which today still has a stop in Mölnlycke.[2] Today the company is called Mölnlycke Health Care.

Geography[edit]

Mölnlycke is located at a height of 91 meters above sea level[3] and is about 10 km from Gothenburg, the second largest city in Sweden. The short distance to Gothenburg is probably one of the factors of the quick expansion of the city that started during the 20th century, when many people started commuting between Mölnlycke and Gothenburg.[4]

Culture[edit]

Mölnlycke Kulturhus, located in the center of Mölnlycke, contains Mölnlycke library, a cinema and a café.[5]

View of Mölnlycke
View of Mölnlycke

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Korn, Dan (1983). Mölnlyckeboken - Ett samhälles historia genom tvåhundra år. pp. 6, 12, 51. 
  3. ^ "Trakten.se". Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  4. ^ "Nationalencyklopedin". Retrieved 2007-12-12. 
  5. ^ "Härryda.se". Retrieved 2008-12-12.