Mühlberg, Brandenburg

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Mühlberg
Church and town hall
Church and town hall
Coat of arms of Mühlberg
Coat of arms
Mühlberg is located in Germany
Mühlberg
Mühlberg
Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Elbe-Elster
Subdivisions 5 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Dieter Jähnichen
Area
 • Total 88.55 km2 (34.19 sq mi)
Elevation 91 m (299 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,051
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04931
Dialling codes 035342
Vehicle registration EE
Website www.muehlberg-elbe.de

Mühlberg is a town in the Elbe-Elster district, in the southwesternmost part of Brandenburg, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the river Elbe, about halfway between Riesa to the south and Torgau to the northwest. It is about 60 km east of Leipzig. It is accessed by the Bundesstraße 182 (Riesa - Torgau - Wittenberg) on the left bank of the Elbe, connected with the town by a bridge, opened in 2008. Mühlberg consists of the Ortsteile Mühlberg, Altenau, Brottewitz, Fichtenberg, Koßdorf and Martinskirchen.

History[edit]

The earliest documentary mention of Mühlberg is in 1230. The town was founded on a sandy island where the River Elbe could be crossed under protection of a castle. There is archaeological evidence, in the form of burials, of Slavic settlement dating back to ca. 600 A.D. The forces of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor defeated the Schmalkaldic League at the Battle of Mühlberg near the castle on April 24, 1547. From 1939-1945 there existed a World War II prisoner-of-war camp (Stalag IV-B) near Mühlberg. About 300000 prisoners passed the camp and about 3000, most of them Soviet soldiers, died there. After World War II the camp was re-used by the Soviet secret service NKVD as NKVD Special Camp No. 1. About 6700 of the 22000 prisoners of the NKVD are buried in mass graves near the camp area. Today a memorial area remembers on the victims of both camp periods.

Demography[edit]

Mühlberg/Elbe:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 5 468
1890 5 854
1910 5 895
1925 6 244
1933 6 288
1939 6 700
1946 8 862
1950 8 660
1964 6 836
1971 6 973
Year Population
1981 6 433
1985 6 349
1989 6 193
1990 6 076
1991 5 956
1992 5 916
1993 5 838
1994 5 736
1995 5 662
1996 5 586
Year Population
1997 5 499
1998 5 435
1999 5 307
2000 5 185
2001 5 067
2002 4 957
2003 4 857
2004 4 768
2005 4 698
2006 4 581
Year Population
2007 4 485
2008 4 437
2009 4 334
2010 4 244
2011 4 128
2012 4 051

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]