Mülheim (Ruhr) Hauptbahnhof

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Mülheim (Ruhr) Hauptbahnhof
Entrance of station
Operations
Category 3 [1]
Type Through station
Platforms in use 4
DS100 code EMLR [2]
Station code 4219 [1]
Construction and location
Opened 1 September 1866 [3]
Location Mülheim an der Ruhr
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
51°25′53″N 06°53′11″E / 51.43139°N 6.88639°E / 51.43139; 6.88639Coordinates: 51°25′53″N 06°53′11″E / 51.43139°N 6.88639°E / 51.43139; 6.88639
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Mülheim (Ruhr) Hauptbahnhof is a railway station for the city of Mülheim in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It was renamed as a Hauptbahnhof in 1974 at the time of the rebuilding of the Dortmund–Duisburg line as part of the establishment of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 3 station.[1]

The original station is unusual in that it was built as two adjoining stations by the two main private railways buildings lines in the Ruhr area, the Rhenish Railway Company (Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, RhE) and the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn Gesellschaft, BME).

History[edit]

The station was opened as Mülheim RhE as part of a section of the RhE's mainline through the Ruhr opened on 1 September 1866 between Osterath and Essen. Just to the north of the RhE's station, the BME opened its own station in 1867 as Mülheim-Eppinghofen BME on its own mainline line opened in 1862 between Dortmund and Duisburg.[3] Although the two railways were nationalised in 1880 and 1882 the two stations were not linked.

On 1 June 1888, the station was renamed Mülheim (Ruhr), but on 11 August 1892 it was again renamed as Mülheim-Eppinghofen because another station (now called Mülheim (Ruhr) West) was then renamed as Mülheim (Ruhr),[4] but it was never popularly accepted as the main station in Mülheim. Between 1905 and 1910 a common station with a peaked roof was built to serve both lines, but it was destroyed during World War II and never rebuilt. During the electrification of the Cologne-Hamm line in the 1950s the stopping place for long-distance trains was moved back to the Eppinghofen station and on 22 May 1955 it was renamed Mülheim (Ruhr) Stadt ("city"). In 1974 the station was relocated with the opening of Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn and finally renamed Mülheim (Ruhr) Hbf.

Current situation[edit]

Stadtbahn platforms

The current station consists of four tracks to the east and west located on the site of the BME station. The RhE lines have been closed and dismantled. An underground station of line U18 of the Essen Stadtbahn and of line 901 (Duisburg tram network) lies adjacent to the former RhE station and is connected to the current station by a corridor.

The following services currently call at Mülheim Hauptbahnhof:[5][6]

Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 55
towards Leipzig Hbf
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
RE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
RE 6
Westfalen-Express
toward Minden
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
toward Hamm
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
S 3
Preceding station   Essen Stadtbahn   Following station
Terminus U18
toward Karlsplatz
Preceding station   Mülheim Tramway   Following station
toward Oberdümpten
102
toward Uhlenhorst
Terminus 901

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  3. ^ a b "Mülheim (Ruhr) Hauptbahnhof operations". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mülheim (Ruhr) West area operations". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Mülheim Hauptbahnhof". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "VRR rapid-transit plan 2013" (PDF) (in German). VRR. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Ansichtskarten – Mülheim und die Eisenbahn (in German). Eisenbahnfreunde Mülheim e. V. 1990. 
  • Martin Menke (2008). "Der Mülheimer Hauptbahnhof im Wandel der Zeit". In Geschichtsverein Mülheim an der Ruhr. Zeugen der Stadtgeschichte – Baudenkmäler und historische Orte in Mülheim an der Ruhr (in German). Essen: Klartext Verlag. pp. 139–145.