|Birth name||Müslüm Akbaş|
|Also known as||Müslüm Baba (Papa Müslüm)|
May 7, 1953|
Fıstıközü, Halfeti, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
|Died||3 March 2013 (aged 60)
|Genres||Arabesque, pop-folk, rock|
|Associated acts||Murathan Mungan, Teoman|
He was born on 7 May 1953 in an adobe hut at Fıstıközü village in Halfeti district of Şanlıurfa Province, southeastern Turkey. His mother was Emine, his father Mehmet, a farmer. Müslüm was only three years old when the family migrated to Adana due to financial problems. There have been speculations that his family were Crypto-Armenians.
At the age of 13, Müslüm began singing in the cotton garden he was working in. In his childhood, he also worked as a tailor's and a cobbler's apprentice. In 1967, he participated in a song contest organized by Adana Family cotton Garden, and won the title. He then began to perform at Radio Çukurova. During this time, he adopted the surname Gürses, which means literally "stentorian voice".
In 1978, during a trip from Tarsus, Mersin to Adana, he was involved in a car accident. The crash scene was so terrible that he was assumed dead as he was pulled off the wreck, and therefore taken to the morgue instead of the hospital. After discovered by chance that he was alive, he was treated and underwent cranioplasty, getting a metal plate implemented for skull repair.
Another tragedy he experienced was that in addition to his brother's murder, his father murdered his mother. Mehmet Akbaş remarried after he was released from the prison. However, Müslüm Gürses remained all the time silent and resentful because of his father's doing.
In 1980, Müslüm Gürses was on a concert tour in Malatya, where Muhterem Nur (born 1932), already a well-known movie actress and singer, shared the stage with him. They started a quarrel during the evening. This became the beginning of the ever-lasting love between the two. The couple got married following after four years in 1986. He was her second husband.
From 1967 on, he performed live türkü, Turkish folk songs, regularly on Saturdays within the state-owned radio station of TRT Adana-Çukurova. His debut record single "Emmioğlu/Ovada Taşa Basma" was released in 1968. The next year in 1969, he already landed a hit record titled "Sevda Yüklü Kervanlar/Vurma Güzel Vurma" released by Palandöken Records in Istanbul, which sold 300,000 copies.
After completing his conscription, he returned to Istanbul and successfully continued to record folk songs. He had 13 singles by label Palandöken, four by Bestefon, 15 by Hülya Records and finally two by Çin Çin Records. Müslüm Gürses stepped into Yeşilçam in the heyday of fanciful arabesque music, and starred in 38 movies singing songs in most of them.
Later in his life, Gürses's interest started to shift toward other musical genres. He included pop and rock music to his repertory, singing such titles as "Olmadı Yar" of Nilüfer, "Paramparça" of Teoman and "İkimizin Yerine" of Tarkan.
Müslüm Gürses mainly sang Turkish folk and Ottoman classical music in arabesque style. In his songs, he primarily expressed sorrow and painful feelings. He is considered a cult figure of Turkish folk music, and has a very dedicated group of fans, most of whom being young, low-income urban people, who call him "Müslüm Baba'" ("Papa Müslüm") affectionately.
Gürses had maybe the most interesting audience. At a time, his fans used to cut and bleed themselves using razor blades during his concerts. This phenomena led to Müslüm Gürses becoming a subject of scientific research at universities. For this reason, even intellectuals began to take an interest in him during the late 1990s.
Health issues and death
In November 2012, it was announced that Gürses was in critical condition following a heart bypass surgery he had undergone recently. On March 3, 2013 at 10:30, he died due to complications with his surgery and declining health during post-operative care. He had been in the intensive care unit continuously since his surgery. After a memorial ceremony held at the Cemal Reşit Rey Concert Hall the next day and subsequent religious funeral in the Teşvikiye Mosque, he was buried at the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.
He is survived by his spouse Muhterem Nur and his stepmother Emine Akbaş.
Ağlattı Kader - 1984
Amerikalılar Karadeniz'de 2 - 2006
Anlatamadım - 1983
Balans ve Manevra - 2005
Bağrı Yanık - 1980
Beleşçiler - 1986
Bir Akıllı Bir Deli - 2002
Bir Yıldız Doğuyor - 1984
Çare Sende Allah'ım - 1984
Çığlık - 1986
Dertler İnsanı - 1990
Dünya Boştur - 1990
Esrarlı Gözler - 2008
Garibanlar - 1984
Güldür Yüzümü - 1985
Hasret - 1980
İkizler - 1985
İsyankar - 1979
İtirazım Var - 1980
Kader Rüzgarı - 1986
Kısmetin En Güzeli - 1986
Kul Kuldan Beter - 1985
Kul Sevdasi - 1980
Küskünüm - 1986
Muhabbet Kuşları - 2002
Mutlu Ol Yeter - 1981
Oğlum - 1987
Ömerçip - 2002
Seher Vakti - 1986
Sev Yeter - 1984
Sevmemeli - 1988
Şov Bizinıs - 2011
Talihsizler - 1987
Töre - 1986
Yalnızlık Korkusu - 1988
Yıkıla Yıkıla - 1986
Zeytin Gözlüm - 1980
- Ağır abi (2011)
- Yaşlı Gözlerin Üstadı - Kul (2013)
1975 Müslüm Gürses 1 Çınçın Plak
1976 Müslüm Gürses 2 Çınçın Plak
1976 Öldürdüğün Yetmedi Mi Uzelli
1977 Müslüm Gürses 3 Çınçın Plak
1978 Müslüm Gürses 4 Çınçın Plak
1979 Gazla Soför Çınçın Plak
1980 Bağrıyanık Saner Plak
1980 Umutsuz Hayat Arma Müzik
1981 Esrarlı Gözler Emre Plak
1981 Mutlu Ol Yeter Modern Plak
1982 Müzik Ziyafeti Akdeniz Plak
1982 Tanrı İstemezse Uzay Plak
1983 Anlatamadım Kale Plakçılık
1983 Dertliler Meyhanesi Dünya Müzik
1984 Yaranamadım Elenor Müzik
1985 Güldür Yüzümü Elenor Müzik
1986 Gitme Elenor Müzik
1986 Sevda Yolu Elenor Müzik
1986 Yıkıla Yıkıla Elenor Müzik
1986 Küskünüm Bayar Müzik
1986 İlk Aşkım Son Sevgilim Çınar Müzik
1986 Hayatımı Sen Mahvettin Dünya Müzik
1987 Farketmez Uzelli Kaset
1987 Talihsizler Elenor Müzik
1988 Aldatılanlar Özbir Plak
1988 Dertler İnsanı Elenor Müzik
1988 Vefasız Alem Elenor Müzik
1988 Maziden Bir Demet Sedef Müzik
1989 Arabeskin Devleri Bayar Müzik Mine Koşan ile
1989 Bir Fırtına Kopacak Akdeniz Plak
1989 Bir Kadeh Daha Ver Sarp Müzik
1989 Mahsun Kul Elenor Müzik
1989 Müslüm Gürses Konseri Elenor Müzik Konser albümü
1990 Meyhaneci / Kırık Sazım Elenor Müzik
1990 Hüzünlü Günler Disco Plak
1990 Arkadaş Kurbanıyım Uğur Plak
1990 Güle Güle Git Bayar Müzik
1991 Bir Bilebilsen / Zalim Bayar Müzik
1991 Sen Nerdesin Ben Nerdeyim Bayar Müzik
1991 Yüreğimden Vurdun Beni Sarp Müzik
1991 Bir de Benden Dinleyin Elenor Müzik
1991 Her Şey Yalan Elenor Müzik
1991 Yaşamalısın Elenor Müzik
1992 Müslümce 92 Elenor Müzik
1993 Ah Gülüm Dünya Müzik
1993 Dağlarda Kar Olsaydım Elenor Müzik
1994 Senden Vazgeçmem Elenor Müzik
1994 İnsan - Kahire Resitali Uğur Plak
1995 Benim Meselem Elenor Müzik
1995 Bir Avuç Gözyaşı Elenor Müzik
1996 Topraktan Bedene (İsyanım Var) Elenor Müzik
1996 Şiirlerim Şarkılarım (Haklısın) Kılıç Müzik
1997 Sultanım İdobay
1997 Usta - Ne Yazar Elenor Müzik
1997 Nerelerdesin Elenor Müzik
1998 Müslüm Gürses Klasikleri Elenor Müzik Toplama albüm
1999 Arkadaşım Elenor Müzik
1999 Garipler Elenor Müzik
1999 Vay Canım Ulus Müzik
2000 Biz Babadan Böyle Gördük Ulus Müzik
2000 Zavallım Elenor Müzik
2001 Müslümce Türküler Elenor Müzik
2001 Sadece Elenor Müzik
2001 Yanlış Yaptım (Kaçamam Ki Kaderimden) Özdemir Plak
2001 Dünya Yalan Universal
2002 Açık Hava Konseri - 1 Universal Konser albümü
2002 Açık Hava Konseri - 2 Universal Konser albümü
2002 Açık Hava Konseri - 3 Universal Konser albümü
2002 Paramparça Bayar Müzik
2003 Yanarım Bayar Müzik
2003 İkimizin Yerine Dirlik Müzik
2004 Uyanma Zamanı (Kıyak Bitti) Kadırga Müzik
2005 Ayrılık Acı Bir Şey Görüntüevi
2005 Bakma Sun Müzik
2006 Gönül Teknem Seyhan Müzik
2006 Aşk Tesadüfleri Sever Pasaj Müzik
2009 Sandık Pasaj Müzik
2010 Yalan Dünya Pasaj Müzik
2013 Veda - Ervah-ı Ezelde Kadırga Müzik
2013 Baba Şarkılar Eflatun Müzik
- Armbrust, Walter (2000-09-19). Mass mediations: new approaches to popular culture in the Middle East and beyond. University of California Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-520-21926-7. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Müslüm Gürses Bir Yaşam Öyküsü". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- ÇİFTÇİ, ESRA (March 7, 2013). "Derin meselelerin babası Müslüm Gürses!". Yeni Ozgur (in Turkish).
- "Article on last.fm website".
- "Müslüm Gürses'in durumu kritik". CNN Türk. March 1, 2013.
- "Müslüm Gürses vefat etti". Milliyet. March 3, 2013.
- ""Müslüm Baba"ya veda". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-04.