Măcin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Măcin
Town
Măcin is located in Romania
Măcin
Măcin
Location of Măcin
Coordinates: 45°14′44″N 28°7′23″E / 45.24556°N 28.12306°E / 45.24556; 28.12306Coordinates: 45°14′44″N 28°7′23″E / 45.24556°N 28.12306°E / 45.24556; 28.12306
Country  Romania
County Tulcea County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor (2012) Nicolae Topoleanu (Democratic Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 44 km2 (17 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 10,625
 • Density 290/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariaorasuluimacin.ro

Măcin (Romanian pronunciation: [məˈt͡ʃin]; Turkish: Maçin) is a town in Tulcea County, Dobrogea, Romania.

Location[edit]

Măcin is located in the north-western part of the Dobrudja region, in Tulcea County. The city is located at the intersection of the DN22 (E87) and DN22D national roads. The DN22 road links it to the Romanian capital, Bucharest (230 km to the West, via Brăila) and to cities of Isaccea and Tulcea (to the East). The DN22D road connects Măcin through a southern route with Tulcea and Constanţa. According to 2011 data, the population dropped down to 7,666 inhabitants (compared to 2002 census), with a mix up of 91.46% Romanians, 4,8% Romani (Gypsies), 2.92% Turks and 0.37% Russian Lipovans.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1912 5,286 —    
1930 5,628 +6.5%
1948 5,217 −7.3%
1956 6,533 +25.2%
1966 8,147 +24.7%
1977 10,544 +29.4%
1992 12,104 +14.8%
2002 11,803 −2.5%
2011 7,666 −35.1%
Source: Census data
A mosque in Măcin

The town is located on an ancient Celtic settlement, named Arrubium. It was then included in the Getic polities of Rhemaxos and Zyraxes, then conquered by the Roman Empire, which stationed a cavalry unit in this place between 99 and 241 AD. The ruins of the old Roman fortifications, could be seen today on the top of "Cetate" Hill. Part of the Bulgarian, Byzantine and later Ottoman Empire, it was included for some time in the Wallachian and Moldavian voivodates.

It was the site of the Battle of Măcin in 1791.

Economy[edit]

The main share of the local economy is taken by agriculture, especially animal husbandry, cereal growing and in less extent, fishing. Industry is centered around mining - extraction of granite rocks, from quarries situated on southern slopes of Măcin Mountains, while light industries like textile and clothing manufacturing are still well represented. A large part of city and surroundings population (especially women) is involved in textile industry. In the sane manufacturing sector one could mention about a factory of electrostatic air purifiers and ventilation systems.

In the last decade, the wines industry is gaining importance, with new vineyards being planted on the Carcaliu Hill - 5 kilometers off city limits to the south-east, probing the good potential of the region. The local wine-producer sells white and red wines with the "D.O.C." designation, "Controlled term of origin", from Sarica-Niculițel region.

One of the best wines coming from Sărica-Niculițel vineyard is the Aligoté white dry wine. Here, between the Danube and Black Sea, in the northern hilly and sunny side of Dobrudja region, this variety of fine white grape has been given a new home, yielding a full bodied, unique tasting wine. As a recognition of high quality standards of the wines produced in Macin area, they are now officially supplied to the Royal House of Romania.

The town has also an "inland port" on the Danube, operated by two local fixed cranes and sometimes depending on the freight fluxes, by additional floating cranes brought in from Brăila. The port has grain-handling and some warehousing facilities.

Education[edit]

  • Four kindergarten, one with prolonged activities program (No. 4).
  • Two primary schools:

"Nifon Bălășescu" school (ex "Scoala generala nr. 1") and "Gheorghe Banea" school (ex "Scoala generala nr. 2")

  • Vocational school. The school has been established since 1905, and according to Spiru Haret was "the most beautiful school from all over Dobrudja" in the period around World War I.

Natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Măcin is twinned with:

External links[edit]