Mělník

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mělník, Czech Republic)
Jump to: navigation, search
For the town in Bulgaria, see Melnik, Bulgaria.
Coordinates: 50°21′7″N 14°28′30″E / 50.35194°N 14.47500°E / 50.35194; 14.47500
Mělník
Town
Melnik - zamek.jpg
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Mělník
Commune Mělník
Rivers Elbe, Vltava
Elevation 215 m (705 ft)
Coordinates 50°21′7″N 14°28′30″E / 50.35194°N 14.47500°E / 50.35194; 14.47500
Area 24.97 km2 (9.64 sq mi)
Population 19,077
Density 764 / km2 (1,979 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1274
Mayor Ctirad Mikeš
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 276 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Mělník
Statistics: statnisprava.cz

Mělník (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɲɛlɲiːk]; German: Melnik) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies at the confluence of the Labe and Vltava rivers, approximately 35 km north of Prague. The town is part of the Prague larger urban zone. The region belongs to the most important agricultural areas of the Czech Republic. The main agricultural produce are fruits, vegetables, potatoes, corn, sugar beet and wine.

History[edit]

In the 5th and 6th century many Slavonic tribes lived here, and the tribe of Pšovans created its main settlement in Mělník. Saint Ludmila (the grandmother of the Saint Wenceslas), who married the Bohemian prince Bořivoj, belonged to this tribe. Coins of the princess Emma are the first demonstration of the existence of Mělník. In November 1274 Mělník gained the statute of town from king Ottokar II of Bohemia and later became a dowry town belonging to queens of Bohemia.

Until 1918, MELNIK - MĚLNIK was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1]

Monuments[edit]

The Mělník castle belongs to the most important sights of this town. The castle is built in the Renaissance style. Below the castle there are large wine cellars. Confiscated by the communists, it has been restored to its traditional owners, the princes of Lobkowicz.

The St. Peter and St. Paul's Church faces the Mělník castle. The church was rebuilt three times. The church is used primarily for religious functions, but everyone is able to look inside at the interior. The construction began at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries. Starting in 2007 the public will be allowed access to the reconstructed church tower. There is a large and elaborate ossuary inside the church, which is a minor tourist attraction. Anthropologist Professor Jindrich Matiegka conducted research here between 1915-1919, during which he arranged the remains of 10-15,000 people.

Behind the church there is the building of the old school. There is a restaurant here today with a beautiful view of the river and Hořín park. Near the castle there is the Villa Carola where the town library is located, which is part of the Mekuc - Culture center of Melnik.

Wine-growing[edit]

Industry[edit]

Mělník is one of the biggest river ports in the Czech Republic and a place of container transshipment.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Mělník is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967

External links[edit]