M'bilia Bel

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M'bilia Bel (born 1959) is a Congolese rumba singer, known as the Queen of Congolese rumba. She rose to fame after being discovered by Tabu Ley Rochereau.

Biography[edit]

Born in 1959 and brought up in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, M'bilia Bel became successful in the early 1980s when she recorded and toured with Tabu Ley Rochereau, and made her own solo albums. The birth of her first child prompted her to take a break from performing, however, and after a last album with Tabu Ley in 1987, she moved to Paris. There she started working with guitarist Rigo Star, and between 1989 and 1990 she went on tour to the United States, the United Kingdom, and West Africa. With a combination of beauty, an angelic soprano voice, and tremendous agility on stage, M'bilia Bel stole the hearts of music fans all over the continent. She was Africa's first female transcontinental diva. She became the first female musician from Africa who could claim popularity all over the entire continent and beyond. In fact, one could argue that there has not been any female musician from Africa who has captured the imagination of music fans across the continent as much as M'bilia Bel did in the eighties. South African Miriam Makeba, known as Mama Afrika, popularity peaked in the 1960s but could not attract as many fans as M'bilia Bel did later.

She began her performing career at the age of seventeen singing backup for Abeti Masikini and later with Sam Mangwana. She burst into the music scene when she joined Tabu Ley's Afrisa International in 1981. The duo of Tabu ley and M'bilia Bel was an instant hit. The combination of Tabu Ley's composing genius and Mbilia Bel's heavenly voice resulted in high sales of Afrisa records.

Her first song with Afrisa, released in early 1982, was "Mpeve Ya Longo", which means Holy Spirit in Kikongo. It was a moving song about spousal abuse. In the song, M'bilia sang the part of a woman who had been abandoned by her husband and has to raise the children by herself. The song was very popular, especially among women in Zaire.

Her ever first album, released in 1983, was the extremely popular Eswi yo wapi, which roughly translates to "Where did it hurt you?", composed by both Tabu Ley and M'bilia Bel. The song won the award for the best song of 1983 in Zaire, and M'bilia Bel won the award for best new performer. She went on to feature on several other songs that year, including Tabu Ley's "Lisanga ya Bambanda", "Faux pas" and Dino Vangu's "Quelle Mechante". Thanks to M'bilia Bel, the popularity of Afrisa International was soaring. Even songs that did not feature M'bilia Bel were receiving more exposure. The stranglehold that Franco's TPOK Jazz had held in the music scene was now being loosened, as Afrisa could now match TPOK Jazz in popularity and record sales, thanks to the arrival of this new sensation who was now being referred to as the African tigress.

Concerts of Afrisa were now a huge draw. M'bilia Bel was always the main attraction, and when she made an appearance, the crowds often went into a frenzy. She was a talented stage performer and often tantalized crowds with her exceptional dancing ability when she would join the Rocherreautes (dancers) in their dance routine.

By the mid-eighties, Mbilia bel had officially married Tabu Ley and was a refined and mature performer. Her songs continued to dominate the scene. Among them was "Mobali na ngai wana", which roughly translates to "This Husband of Mine". The song was composed by Tabu Ley and Roger Izeidi and is an adaptation of a traditional song in Kikongo. In the song, M'bilia Bel praises her husband as being handsome and successful and stresses the fact that even though he has the opportunity to choose from any of Kinshasa's beautiful women, he chose her. Other songs that blazed the charts during that period include "Balle a terre" and "Bameli soy".

In 1987 Tabu Ley recruited another female artiste to accompany M'bilia Bel. Kishila Ngoyi was her real name, but she was known by her artistic name, Faya Tess. It was with this new lineup that Afrisa embarked on a tour of East Africa that took in Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda, culminating in the album Nadina, which had Lingala and Swahili versions of the title song. The tour was well received by crowds. M'bilia Bel took centre stage, overshadowing other Afrisa artistes including Ndombe Opetum who had returned from TP OK Jazz. Upon their return to Kinshasa, rumours started surfacing about a rift between Tabu ley and M'bilia Bel. Apparently Mbilia Bel was not too happy about the emergence of Faya Tess, who seemed ready to steal her thunder. Both publicly denied having any problems.

M'bilia Bel quit the band late in 1987 to embark on a solo career. She briefly joined with a Gabonese producer in Libreville before leaving for Paris where she joined with guitarist Rigo Starr Bamundele. Her first album with Rigo Starr was entitled "Phénomène" and was a huge success in Kinshasa as well as abroad. Subsequent releases such as Yalowa, Desolé and Exploration have met with limited success.

Following the departure of M'bilia Bel, the popularity of Afrisa International as a band plummeted substantially. Tabu Ley himself seemed to lose inspiration for composing as is evidenced by the substantial reduction in the number of albums released. With the exception of her debut album, Phénomène, Mbilia Bel's career also took on a downward spiral when she left Afrisa.

Her more recent work has involved taking her usual style (traditional rumba and soukous) and mixing in rap and other modern elements.

References[edit]

Discography[edit]

Albums
  • 1983: Eswi Yo Wapi
  • 1983: Faux Pas
  • 1984: Loyenghe
  • 1984: Boya Ye
  • 1985: Keyna"
  • 1985: Ba Gerants Ya Mabala"
  • 1986: Beyanga
  • 1987: Contre Ma Volonte
  • 1988: Phénomène
  • 1991: Bameli Soy
  • 1991: Désolé
  • 1993: Ironie (with Rigo Star)
  • 1997: Yalowa
  • 1997: Exploration
  • 1999: 8/10/Benedicta/8/10
  • 2001: Welcome
  • 2003: Boya Ye
  • 2004: Belissimo
  • 2011: Queen
Contributing artist