M-89 (Michigan highway)
M-89 highlighted in red
|Maintained by MDOT|
|Length:||61.153 mi (98.416 km)|
|Existed:||c. July 1, 1919 – present|
|West end:||I‑196 / US 31 near Ganges|
|M‑37 in Battle Creek|
|East end:||BL I‑94 in Battle Creek|
|Counties:||Allegan, Barry, Kalamazoo, Calhoun|
M-89 is an east–west state trunkline highway in the US state of Michigan that runs from near Ganges to Battle Creek. M-89 starts at an interchange with Interstate 196/US Highway 31 (I-196/US 31) and passes through Allegan, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, and Calhoun counties. The highway also briefly crosses the southwest corner of Barry County before it terminates an at intersection with Business Loop I-94 (BL I-94) on the northwestern side of downtown Battle Creek. In between the trunkline runs parallel to the Kalamazoo River through rural southwestern Michigan farmlands while also running through the middle of several smaller towns in the area.
Dating back to 1919, M-89 was originally just a segment of the current highway between the Ganges area and Martin. Changes through the 1920s and 1930s moved the eastern end to Calhoun County. The last section was paved in the 1950s before the highway was rerouted in the Allegan, Michigan area. The last extensions into Battle Creek came in the 1960s and 1998.
M-89 begins at an interchange with I-196/US 31 near Ganges, just a half mile (0.8 km) from Lake Michigan. The highway travels east on 124th Street from there through farmlands and small communities like Fennville. The trunkline passes wetlands just north of Swan Creek Marsh and crosses the Kalamazoo River about two miles (3.2 km) west of an intersection with M-40. M-89 and M-40 run concurrently to the southeast for 6.5 miles (10.5 km) through more farms and across Lake Allegan on the Kalamazoo River on the way into Allegan. Just two blocks before M-89 splits from M-40, the concurrent highways have a junction with M-222. After M-89 splits from M-40, it continues out of Allegan to the southeast, again crossing over the Kalamazoo River.
After leaving Allegan, M-89 runs roughly parallel with the Kalamazoo River for approximately 12 miles (19 km), passing through mostly rural areas with residences and agricultural fields. The highway curves to the east and crosses the Kalamazoo River again just west of the city of Otsego. The trunkline curves to the south in the city then again runs east to junction with US 131 at exit 49 on the west side of Plainwell. East of US 131, the highway passes through the city of Plainwell and crosses the Kalamazoo River again before continuing into rural areas again. The route heads the southeast on towards the village of Richland.
Just north of Richland, M-89 meets up with M-43, and the two share a brief routing together for a mile (1.6 km) as M-43 heads southwest out of Richland while M-89 heads east, passing to the south of Gull Lake. After passing the lake, the highway turns southeast towards Battle Creek. As M-89 begins to enter the outskirts of Battle Creek it follows Michigan Avenue. It passes through the neighborhoods of Level Park-Oak Park and Urbandale, the first residential areas of the city. As the highway continues towards Battle Creek it has a junction with M-37. M-89 continues on Michigan Avenue until an intersection with Washington Avenue where the route turns to the southwest where it crosses the Kalamazoo River one last time. The trunkline terminates a few blocks later at Dickman Road, otherwise known as the Business Loop I-94 (BL I-94).
M-89 is maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) like other state highways in Michigan. As a part of these maintenance responsibilities, the department tracks the volume of traffic that uses the roadways under its jurisdiction. These volumes are expressed using a metric called annual average daily traffic, which is a statistical calculation of the average daily number of vehicles on a segment of roadway. MDOT's surveys in 2010 showed that the highest traffic levels along M-89 were the 26.470 vehicles daily between Otsego and Plainwell; the lowest counts were the 2,879 vehicles per day between Fennville and the I-196/US 31 interchange. No section of M-89 has been listed on the National Highway System, a network of roads important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility.
The July 1, 1919, incarnation of M-89 was much shorter relative to today's road. Its western terminus was at a junction with M-11 (later US 31, now A-2) near Ganges. It traveled east to Fennville then turned south to Pearl before turning back to the east towards Allegan on an alignment that is a few miles south of the present day configuration. The highway then left Allegan on present day M-222 and terminated at M-13, which is now A-45 east of the US 131 freeway.
In 1926, when M-40 was extended, M-89 was rerouted out of Allegan to the southeast along its present day alignment to terminate at US 131 in Plainwell. Just a few years later, the road was extended further to the southeast to Richland then east along its present day routing to end at M-96 in Augusta. In 1931, the route was realigned to run east, rather than south into Augusta, where it then met up with M-96 just inside the Calhoun County line. The road remained in this fashion for the next 20 years.
In late 1951 or early 1952, the last section of M-89 was paved, a segment south and east of Fennville in Allegan County. Just months later, the highways was realigned to run east from Fennville, rather than south to Pearl, to intersect M-40. From there it was rerouted to run concurrently into Allegan.
In 1963, when the I-196/US 131 freeway opened, the western terminus of M-89 was extended to meet the new freeway. A few years later, when M-96 was realigned onto a route that took it into Battle Creek, M-89 was extended southeasterly along Michigan Avenue (the old M-96) and terminated at M-37. The highway was extended further southeasterly into Battle Creek to replace the old routing of M-37 along Michigan Avenue; it then turned south on Washington to the BL I-94 where it terminated, thus bringing the route to its current alignment.
|I‑196 / US 31 / LMCT – South Haven, Holland||Exit 34 on I-196/US 31|
|14.398||23.171||M‑40 north – Holland||Western end of M-40 concurrency|
|Allegan||20.843||33.544||M‑222 east – Martin||Western terminus of M-222|
|21.011||33.814||M‑40 south – Paw Paw||Eastern end of M-40 concurrency|
|US 131 – Kalamazoo, Grand Rapids||Exit 49 on US 131|
|34.037||54.777||A-45 – Kalamazoo, Grand Rapids||Former routing of US 131|
||No major junctions|
|Kalamazoo||Richland Township||44.884||72.234||M‑43 north – Lansing||Northern end of M-43 concurrency|
|Richland||45.885||73.845||M‑43 south – Kalamazoo||Southern end of M-43 concurrency|
|Calhoun||Battle Creek||58.191||93.649||M‑37 – Springfield, Grand Rapids|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Lower Peninsula (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Cartography by Michigan Center for Geographic Information. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/prfinder/. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (2011). State Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:15 mi / 1 cm:9 km. Section L8–M10.
- Google Inc. "Overview Map of M-89". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=M-89+E%2F124th+Ave&daddr=S+Washington+Ave&hl=en&sll=42.318764,-85.19361&sspn=0.015295,0.01457&geocode=FdjriQIdhmbc-g%3BFSe7hQIdbgrs-g&oq=Batt&mra=ls&t=h&z=9. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- Bureau of Transportation Planning (2008). "Traffic Monitoring Information System". Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (April 23, 2006) (PDF). National Highway System, Michigan (Map). http://www.michigan.gov/documents/MDOT_NHS_Statewide_150626_7.pdf. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
- Adderley, Kevin (August 26, 2010). "The National Highway System". Planning, Realty & Environment. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
- Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
- Michigan State Highway Department (May 1, 1929). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
- Michigan State Highway Department (May 15, 1935). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
- Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1933). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
- Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1951). 1951 Official Highway Map (Map). Section M8.
- Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1952). 1952 Official Highway Map (Map). Section M8.
- Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1952). 1952 Official Highway Map (Map). Section M8.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1963). Official Highway Map (Map). Section L8.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1964). Official Highway Map (Map). Section L8.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1965). Official Highway Map (Map). Battle Creek inset.
- Michigan Department of State Highways (1966). Official Highway Map (Map). Battle Creek inset.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (1998). Michigan Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:2.5 mi / 1 cm:1.75 km. Battle Creek inset.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (1999). Michigan Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:2.5 mi / 1 cm:1.75 km. Battle Creek inset.