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M-96 (Michigan highway)

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This article is about the state trunkline highway in Michigan. For the Interstate Highway, see Interstate 96.

M-96 marker

M-96
M-96 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDOT
Length: 33.379 mi[3] (53.718 km)
Existed: 1926[1][2] – present
Major junctions
West end: BL I‑94 at Kalamazoo
 

M‑37 at Springfield

I‑194 / M‑66 at Battle Creek
East end: I‑69 / BL I‑94 at Marshall
Location
Counties: Kalamazoo, Calhoun
Highway system
I‑96 M‑97

M-96 is a state trunkline highway in the US state of Michigan that runs between Kalamazoo and Marshall. Its termini are both on business loops of Interstate 94 (I-94); the eastern one coincides with an intersection with I-69. Between Kalamazoo and Marshall it passes through Comstock, Galesburg, Augusta, and Battle Creek intersecting I-194/M-66 in Battle Creek and I-94 in Emmett Township.

The highway now known as M-96 was originally part of M-17. Parts of M-17 that were not used for US Highway 12 (US 12) in 1926 were given the M-96 number. Additional segments of trunkline were added to M-96, one of which was an Alternate US 12 in the years afterwards. Later, US 12 was moved after the completion of I-94 in southern Michigan. Additional US 12 segments were added to M-96 at that time. The last major changes to M-96 rerouted the highway through the Battle Creek area in late 1998.

Route description[edit]

M-96 starts at an intersection between King Highway and Business Loop I-94 (BL I-94) east of downtown Kalamazoo. From this point, it follows King Highway over and then along the Kalamazoo River through a suburban residential area. The highway then follows Michigan Avenue east through Comstock and north of Morrow Lake. At Galesburg, M-96 turns northeast along Augusta Drive to Augusta, running through rural farmland. It turns eastward again, skirting the Fort Custer State Recreation Area and the Fort Custer National Cemetery. In Augusta, M-96 turns to follow Dickman Road to Battle Creek, passing north and east of the W. K. Kellogg Airport on Dickman and Helmer roads.[4][5]

On the north side of the airport, M-96 runs concurrently with both BL I-94 and M-37. M-96 turns south on Helmer Road, separating from the other two trunklines, and then turns east crossing along Columbia Avenue. Here the highway runs along the edge of the city of Battle Creek through more residential areas and crosses the I-194/M-66 freeway next to the Riverside County Club. Near Brownlee Park, M-96 (Columbia Avenue) merges with BL I-94 (Michigan Avenue). Together BL I-94/M-96 continues along Michigan Avenue to I-94 where BL I-94 ends. M-96 passes the Firekeepers Casino, which is located just east of the ending of BL I-94, between 11 and 12 Mile Roads. M-96 continues along Michigan Avenue through farmland from Emmett to Marshall ending at an interchange with I-69/BL I-94.[4][5]

M-96 is maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) like other state highways in Michigan. As a part of these maintenance responsibilities, the department tracks the volume of traffic that uses the roadways under its jurisdiction. These volumes are expressed using a metric called annual average daily traffic, which is a statistical calculation of the average daily number of vehicles on a segment of roadway. MDOT's surveys in 2010 showed that the highest traffic levels along M-96 were the 22,953 vehicles daily between Capitol Avenue and I-194 in Battle Creek; the lowest counts were the 5,167 vehicles per day at the western terminus in Kalamazoo.[6] The only section of M-96 that has been listed on the National Highway System (NHS), is in the Battle Creek area between the western BL I-94/M-37 junction and the I-94 interchange.[7] The NHS is a network of roads important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility.[8]

History[edit]

M-96 was formed as a state trunkline in late 1926 from parts of M-17. The section of M-17 between Galesberg and Battle Creek was not utilized for US 12 and became M-96.[1][2] In 1936, the Alternate US 12 trunkline was designated through the Battle Creek area along a section of highway that had previously been part of US 12.[9][10] This highway was added to M-96 three years later in 1939.[11][12]

A rerouting of trunklines in 1941 lead to the creation of a Business US 12 (BUS US 12). M-96 ran concurrently with BUS US 12 and M-37 was truncated to end at M-96.[13][14] US 12 was rerouted between Galesburg and Kalamazoo in 1954, and M-96 was extended along the former US 12 routing to end in Kalamazoo.[15][16] M-96 was rerouted in downtown Battle Creek to one-way streets in 1958,[17][18] and BUS US 12/M-96 was extended by the end of the decade when the I-94/US 12 freeway was completed in the area. BUS US 12 was redesignated as Business Loop I-94 (BL I-94) in 1960 and M-96 was shortened to end at BL I-94/M-78 running on Capital Avenue.[19] M-37 was reextended in 1961 in Battle Creek to a concurrent routing with M-96 in 1961.[20]

M-89 was extended along the roadway used by M-96 west of Battle Creek to M-37 in 1965, truncating M-96 in the process.[21][22] M-96 was reextended back to Battle Creek along Dickman Road and Fort Custer Highway from Augusta east in 1971.[23][24] Several changes in Battle Creek were made to the area trunklines in 1998. M-96 was extended along BL I-94 (Dickman Road) to M-37 (Helmer Road) and along M-37 to Columbia Avenue. At Columbia, M-96 then turned west and M-37 turned east. M-96 rejoined BL I-94 along Michigan Avenue to I-94 and on to Marshall.[25][26]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[3] km Destinations Notes
Kalamazoo Comstock Township 0.000 0.000 BL I‑94 – Kalamazoo
Calhoun Springfield 17.237–
17.409
27.740–
28.017
BL I‑94 west (Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Highway) / M‑37 south (Skyline Drive) Western end of BL I-94/M-37 concurrency
18.251 29.372 M‑37 north (Helmer Road) Eastern end of M-37 concurrency
18.354 29.538 BL I‑94 east (Dickman Road) Eastern end of BL I-94 concurrency
Emmett Township 22.776 36.654 I‑194 / M‑66 Exit 2 on I-194/M-66
23.346 37.572 M‑294 south (Main Street, Beadle Lake Road)
25.129 40.441 BL I‑94 west (East Michigan Avenue) Western end of BL I-94 concurrency
28.264 45.486 BL I‑94 east (11 Mile Road) to I‑94
M‑311 south (11 Mile Road)
Eastern end of BL I-94 concurrency
Marshall Township 33.379 53.718 I‑69 – Lansing, Fort Wayne
BL I‑94 – Marshall
Roadway continues as BL I-94 at exit 36 on I-69
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (November 1, 1926). Official Highway Condition Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  2. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Condition Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. OCLC 79754957. 
  3. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation & Michigan Center for Shared Solutions and Technology Partnerships (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation (2011). State Transportation Map (Map). 1 in≈15 mi / 1 cm≈9 km. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. § M9. OCLC 786008212. 
  5. ^ a b Google (September 1, 2011). "Overview Map of M-96" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ Bureau of Transportation Planning (2008). "Traffic Monitoring Information System". Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (2005). National Highway System: Battle Creek Urbanized Area (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  8. ^ Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (June 20, 2012). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  9. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (June 1, 1936). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. 
  10. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (December 15, 1936). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Winter ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek. inset. OCLC 317396365. 
  11. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (April 15, 1939). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Summer ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. 
  12. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (December 1, 1939). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Winter ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. 
  13. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (March 21, 1941). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Spring ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. 
  14. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (July 1, 1941). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Summer ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. 
  15. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1954). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § M9. 
  16. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1954). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § M9. 
  17. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1957). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. OCLC 367386492. 
  18. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. OCLC 51856742.  (Includes all changes through July 1, 1958)
  19. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1960). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. OCLC 81552576.  (Includes all changes through July 1, 1960)
  20. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1961). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Battle Creek inset. OCLC 51857665.  (Includes all changes through July 1, 1961)
  21. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1965). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § M9. 
  22. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1966). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. § M9. 
  23. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1971). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in≈14.5 mi. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. § M9. OCLC 77960415. 
  24. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1972). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in≈14.5 mi. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. § M9. 
  25. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (1998). Michigan Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in≈3 mi / 1 cm≈2 km. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. Battle Creek inset. 
  26. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (1999). Michigan Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in≈3 mi / 1 cm≈2 km. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. Battle Creek inset. OCLC 55974644. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing