M-99 (Michigan highway)

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M-99 marker

M-99
Route information
Maintained by MDOT
Length: 86.058 mi[3] (138.497 km)
Existed: 1940[1][2] – present
Major junctions
South end: SR 15 near Pioneer, OH
 

M‑34 near Osseo
US 12 in Jonesville
M‑49 in Litchfield
M‑60 in Homer
I‑94 near Albion
M‑50 in Eaton Rapids

I‑96 in Lansing
North end: I‑496 / Capitol Loop in Lansing
Location
Counties: Hillsdale, Calhoun, Jackson, Eaton, Ingham
Highway system
M‑98 M‑100
M‑8 M-9 US 10
M‑157 M-158 M‑160

M-99 is a state trunkline highway in the Lower Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. It runs from the Ohio state border, where it connects to State Route 15 (SR 15), north to Lansing, where it terminates at a junction with Interstate 496 (I-496) and the Capitol Loop. The highway mainly serves local communities along the route as it passes through farm lands in the southern part of the state. One segment is routed concurrently with US Highway 12 (US 12) in Jonesville while the northern end runs through urban areas on a street named for Martin Luther King, Jr. in Lansing.

The current highway is the third to carry the M-99 designation. The others were located near Lake Michigan near Muskegon in the Lower Peninsula and Gulliver in the Upper Peninsula in the 1920s and 30s. The current highway was first designated as parts of M-34 and M-64 in 1919. These numbers were later dropped in favor of an M-9 designation in 1929. For part of 1934, a loop route was designated M-158 in Hillsdale County that was used for a rerouted M-9 in the area. The M-99 designation was applied to the highway in 1940. Since then, the state has completed paving twice; one segment was returned to gravel surface for two years in the 1950s. The southern section in Hillsdale County was rerouted in the 1960s, and sections were converted into divided highways in the late 1970s.

Route description[edit]

SR 15 ends at the Michigan state line just north of Pioneer, Ohio, where it becomes M-99. The roadway travels northward from the state line on Pioneer Road, through mostly agricultural areas of Hillsdale County before reaching a junction with M-34 just west of Osseo. The trunkline turns westward on Hudson Road, which curves to the north around Baw Beese Lake just southeast of Hillsdale. M-99 passes through Hillsdale on a northwest course on Broad Street and Carlton Road, passing just a few blocks to the west of Hillsdale College. After leaving town, the road bends to the north as Olds Street as it runs parallel to the St. Joseph River to Jonesville. In that community, M-99 intersects US 12. The two highways run concurrently through Jonesville for less than half a mile (0.8 km) before M-99 returns to its northwesterly course. It leaves the town toward Litchfield continuing parallel to the river.[4][5]

Welcome sign at the Ohio state line where SR 15 becomes M-99 northbound

In Litchfield, M-99 enters the town from the southeast, passing near downtown where it meets the northern terminus of M-49. The highway leaves Litchfield heading northwest on Homer Road for a few miles before bending to the north as it crosses into Calhoun County. The trunkline passes through more farmland as it runs toward Homer on Hillsdale Street. In Homer, after passing through a roundabout, M-99 meets up with M-60 and the two highways run concurrently through the town to the northeast. The road briefly splits into a divided highway near the end of the concurrency. M-99 heads north, while M-60 continues eastward. From here, M-99 continues northward on 28 Mile Road toward the city of Albion. After crossing the Kalamazoo River in downtown, M-99 merges with Business Loop I-94 (BL I-94). M-99 continues east concurrently with the business loop on Michigan Avenue passing near Albion College before heading back north to an interchange with I-94 at exit 124; this interchange marks the end of BL I-94 and M-99 continues northward on Eaton Rapids Road.[4][5]

M-99 heads north through farmland to the village of Springport where it turns eastward along Main Street as it passes through the town. The highway continues easterly on Eaton Rapids Road before turning northward to cross into Eaton County. Shortly after crossing the county line, M-50 comes in from the southwest to meet up with M-99. The two highways travel together into Eaton Rapids. Together they form Main Street in the city before they separate on the north side of town. M-50 leaves to the northwest as Dexter Road, and M-99 continues to the northeast as Canal and Michigan streets. For the next few miles, the trunkline splits into a divided highway and runs parallel to the general course of the Grand River. M-99 crosses the river southeast of Diamondale after the opposing directions merge back together as an undivided highway. North of the river crossing, M-99 meets I-96 at the latter's exit 101 on the southern border of Lansing.[4][5]

From I-96, the road continues north through residential neighborhoods into Lansing as Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. The highway travels northeasterly through the southern side of the capital city, as far as Jolly Road. There it turns northward through the Old Everett Neighborhood. The street is bordered by commercial properties in this area. M-99 widens into a boulevard south of the intersection with Mount Hope Avenue before crossing the Grand River. North of the river, the highway is bordered by the site of the former Lansing Car Assembly plant,[4][5] which for a century produced Oldsmobiles and other GM cars.[6] M-99 ends at a junction with I-496 just north of the assembly plant area at exit 5; MLK Boulevard continues north from this interchange as the Capitol Loop.[4][5]

M-99 is maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) like other state highways in Michigan. As a part of these maintenance responsibilities, the department tracks the volume of traffic that uses the roadways under its jurisdiction. These volumes are expressed using a metric called annual average daily traffic, which is a statistical calculation of the average daily number of vehicles on a segment of roadway. MDOT's surveys in 2010 showed that the highest traffic levels along M-3 were the 32,262 vehicles daily north of Mount Hope Avenue in Lansing; the lowest counts were the 2,300 vehicles per day between the state line and the M-34 junction.[7] No section of M-99 has been listed on the National Highway System,[8] a network of roads important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility.[9]

History[edit]

Previous designations[edit]

When the state highway system was originally signed in 1919,[10] M-99 was designated on a road between the Lake Michigan shoreline and M-11 (now US 31) between Muskegon and Hart.[11] This highway was decommissioned in 1929.[12][13] In 1931, M-99 was designated on a gravel road in the Upper Peninsula from US 2 just east of Gulliver) to Port Inland on Lake Michigan.[14][15] This highway was decommissioned as well in 1939.[16][1]

Current designation[edit]

In 1919, the highway that is now M-99 was first signed as M-64 from the Ohio state line to Hillsdale and as M-34 from Hillsdale to the Litchfield area.[11] In 1924, the western terminus of M-34 was extended to Homer where it terminated at M-60.[17][18] Just a few years later, in 1926, the western terminus was truncated, to end at Hillsdale, with the remainder to Jonesville becoming an extension of the M-64.[19]

M-9
Location: Ohio state line to Lansing
Length: 102.266 mi[3] (164.581 km)
Existed: 1929[12][13]–1940[1][2]

M-158
Location: Hillsdale County
Length: 3.285 mi[3] (5.287 km)
Existed: Early–Late 1934[20][21][22]

In 1929, this version of M-64 was renumbered M-9.[12][13] In 1934, M-9 traveled on Pioneer Road in Hillsdale County, from the Ohio border before turning west on Burt Road, north on Clark Road, west on Montgomery Road then north onto Hillsdale Road. During this time a loop was planned to continue north from the corner of Pioneer and Burt Roads to Montgomery Road where it turned west and met back up with M-9 at Clark Road. This short loop was designated M-158, however later in the year the routing of M-9 was shifted onto the M-158 alignment, eliminating that route.[20][21][22] By the middle of 1936, the highway was extended northward to end in Lansing.[23] The M-9 designation was replaced with M-99 in 1940.[1][2]

By 1947, M-99 was completely paved.[24][25] One segment between Litchfield and Homer was converted back to gravel surface in 1952;[26][27] a change that was reverted two years later.[28][29] By 1960, the former US 12/M-99 concurrency through Albion was redesignated Business US 12 through the city when the I-94/US 12 freeway was completed.[30][31] Within a year, that business loop was redesignated BL I-94 when the US 12 designation was removed from the freeway and applied to the former US 112; at the same time, the US 112/M-99 concurrency in Jonesville became US 12/M-99 as well.[31][32]

A new alignment of M-99 highway was opened from the Ransom area north to Osseo in 1966; the western terminus of M-34 was scaled back to end at the new highway near Osseo and M-99 supplanted M-34 from Osseo to Hillsdale.[33][34] The divided highway section of M-99 was opened north of Eaton Rapids in 1979.[35][36]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[3] km Destinations Notes
Hillsdale Amboy Township 0.000 0.000 SR 15 south – Pioneer Ohio state line
Jefferson Township 12.633 20.331 M‑34 – Adrian
Jonesville 22.895 36.846 US 12 west – Coldwater Southern end of US 12 concurrency
23.234 37.391 US 12 east – Ypsilanti Northern end of US 12 concurrency
Litchfield 30.187 48.581 M‑49 south – Reading
Calhoun Homer 38.310 61.654 M‑60 west – Three Rivers Western end of M-60 concurrency
Albion Township
Homer Township
41.520 66.820 M‑60 east – Jackson Eastern end of M-69 concurrency
Albion 47.595 76.597 BL I‑94 west Western end of BL I-94 concurrency
Jackson Parma Township 50.415 81.135 I‑94 – Kalamazoo, Detroit
BL I‑94 west
Western end of BL I-94 concurrency; exit 124 on I-94
Eaton Springport Township 63.364 101.974 M‑50 west – Jackson Southern end of M-50 concurrency
Eaton Rapids 69.287 111.507 M‑188 east Western terminus of M-188
69.786 112.310 M‑50 west – Charlotte Northern end of M-50 concurrency
Ingham Lansing 81.407–
81.426
131.012–
131.042
I‑96 – Grand Rapids, Detroit Exit 101 on I-96
86.039–
86.058
138.466–
138.497
I‑496
Capitol Loop east (M L King Boulevard)
Northern terminus of M-99 and western terminus of the Capitol Loop; exit 5 on I-496
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1939). 1939 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Winter ed.). Section D8, L11–N11.
  2. ^ a b c Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1940). 1940 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Summer ed.). Section L11–N11.
  3. ^ a b c d Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Cartography by Michigan Center for Geographic Information. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/prfinder/. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Michigan Department of Transportation (2011). State Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:15 mi / 1 cm:9 km. Section L11–N11.
  5. ^ a b c d e Google Inc. "Overview Map of M-99". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=M-99+N%2FPioneer+Rd&daddr=42.09387,-84.80356+to:42.22894,-84.75513+to:42.363111,-84.6988708+to:S+Martin+Luther+King+Jr+Blvd&hl=en&sll=42.71839,-84.559793&sspn=0.060789,0.058279&geocode=FexTfAIdSNH1-g%3BFS5NggIdGADy-inFNqxdu2c9iDE60MClrYUu3Q%3BFcxchAIdRr3y-imV9Rwr3UQ9iDFunDvj0zVgLg%3BFedohgIdCpnz-imFDglADkw9iDGPeLAbNt3mZw%3BFaTwiwId3pr1-g&mra=ls&via=1,2,3&t=h&z=9. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  6. ^ Martin, Tim (December 24, 2006). "New Factory Is Reshaping GM's Future A Smaller, State-Of-The-Art Auto Plant Has Been Good For The Company And The City Of Lansing, Mich.". The Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI). Associated Press. ISSN 0749-405X. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  7. ^ Bureau of Transportation Planning (2008). "Traffic Monitoring Information System". Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  8. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (April 23, 2006) (PDF). National Highway System, Michigan (Map). http://www.michigan.gov/documents/MDOT_NHS_Statewide_150626_7.pdf. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
  9. ^ Adderly, Kevin (August 26, 2010). "The National Highway System". Planning, Environment, & Realty. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Michigan May Do Well Following Wisconsin's Road Marking System". The Grand Rapids Press. September 20, 1919. p. 10. 
  11. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Lower Peninsula (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  12. ^ a b c Michigan State Highway Department (May 1, 1929). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  13. ^ a b c Michigan State Highway Department (January 1, 1930). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha.
  14. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (May 11, 1931). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  15. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1931). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  16. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1939). 1939 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Summer ed.). Section D8.
  17. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (May 15, 1924). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  18. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1924). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  19. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  20. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (May 1, 1934). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  21. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1934). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  22. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (September 1, 1934). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  23. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1936). 1936 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally. Section L11–N11.
  24. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1946). Michigan Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Section N11.
  25. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (May 1, 1947). 1947 Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Section N11.
  26. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1952). 1952 Official Highway Map (Map). Section N11.
  27. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1952). 1952 Official Highway Map (Map).
  28. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1954). 1954 Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Section N11.
  29. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1954). 1954 Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Section N11.
  30. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). Section M11. (Includes all changes through July 1, 1958)
  31. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (1960). Official Highway Map (Map). Section M11–N11. (Includes all changes through July 1, 1960)
  32. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1961). Official Highway Map (Map). Section M11–N11. (Includes all changes through July 1, 1961)
  33. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1966). Official Highway Map (Map). Section N11.
  34. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1967). Official Highway Map (Map). Section N11.
  35. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation (1979). Official Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:14.5 mi / 1 in:23 km (1978–79 ed.). Section M11.
  36. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (1980). Official Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:14.5 mi / 1 in:23 km (1980–81 ed.). Section M11.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  • M-99 at Michigan Highways
  • M-99 at Michigan Highway Ends