|Native name||మంగళంపల్లి బాలమురళీకృష్ణ|
|Birth name||Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna|
6 July 1930 |
Sankaraguptam, East Godavari District,
Madras Presidency, British India (now part of Andhra Pradesh, India)
|Instruments||Singing, viola, mridangam, kanjira|
Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna (Telugu: మంగళంపల్లి బాలమురళీకృష్ణ) (born 6 July 1930) is an Indian Carnatic vocalist, multi-instrumentalist, playback singer, composer and actor. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second-highest civilian honour, for his contribution towards Indian Art. He was made Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government in 2005.
Balamurali Krishna was born in Telugu speaking Brahmin family of Sankaraguptam, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh state. His father was a well known musician and could play the flute, violin and the veena and his mother was an excellent veena player. His mother died when he was an infant and Balamuralikrishna was raised by his father. Observing his inner penchant towards music, his father put him under the tutelage of Sri Parupalli Ramakrishnayya Pantulu. Sri Pantulu was a direct descendant of the sisya parampara of Saint Thyagaraja.
Under his guidance, the young Balamuralikrishna learned Carnatic Music. At the age of eight, Balamuralikrishna gave his first full-fledged concert at a Thyagaraja Aradhana, Vijayawada. Musunuri Suryanarayana Murty Bhagavatar, a distinguished Harikatha performer, saw the musical talent in the child and gave the prefix 'Bala' (child) to the young Muralikrishna. This title has stuck ever since and Balamuralikrishna has been known so.
Balamuralikrishna thus began his musical career at a very young age. By the age of fifteen he had mastered all the 72 melakartha ragas and had composed krithis in the same. The Janaka Raga Manjari was published in 1952 and recorded as Raagaanga Ravali in a nine-volume series by the Sangeeta Recording Company. Not merely content with his fame as a Carnatic vocalist, very soon started playing the kanjira, mridangam, viola and violin. He also accompanied various musicians in violin and is also noted to give solo viola concerts.
Balamuralikrishna started his career at the age of six. Up to the present time, he has given over 25,000 concerts worldwide. He accompanied Pandit Bhimsen Joshi. He also gave jugalbandi concerts with Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and Kishori Amonkar, among others. He is also known for popularising the compositions of Sri Bhadrachala Ramadasu and Sri Annamacharya.
Balamuralikrishna's concerts combine sophisticated vocal skills and rhythmic patterns of classical music with the popular demand for entertainment value. Balamurali Krishna has been invited to give concerts in many countries, including the US, Canada, UK, Italy, France, Russia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Middle East and many more. Apart from his native tongue, Telugu, his works also include ones in other languages like Kannada, Sanskrit, Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Bengali, and Punjabi.
He appeared as featured soloist with an award-winning British choir, performing the "Gitanjali Suite" with words from Rabindranath Tagore's Nobel Prize-winning poetry and music by Dr. Joel, the noted UK-based Goan composer. His clear diction in several languages prompted an invitation to record Tagore's entire Rabindra Sangeet compositions in Bengali, preserving them for posterity. He has sung in French, and even ventured into jazz fusion, collaborating with the top Carnatic percussion teacher, Sri T.H. Subash Chandran, in a concert for Malaysian royalty.
He has recently become increasingly interested in music therapy, and now performs only occasionally. He gave his authorisation to S. Ram Bharati to found "Academy of Performing Arts and Research" in Switzerland and is also working on music therapy. He established the 'MBK Trust' with the objective of developing art and culture and for carrying out extensive research into music therapy. A dance and music school, 'Vipanchee' is a part of this Trust and is run by his managing trustee Kalaimamani Saraswati.
Balamuralikrishna has composed over 400 compositions in various languages like Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada and Tamil. His compositions range from Devotional to Varnams, Krithis, Javalis and Thillans, in all the fundamental 72 melakartha ragas to film music.
Characteristic of Balamuralikrishna's musical journey has been his non-conformism, spirit of experimentation and boundless creativity. Balamuralikrishna has innovated the whole Carnatic music system by keeping its rich tradition untouched. The ragas like Ganapathi, Sarvashri, Mahati, Lavangi etc. are credited to him. The ragas which he invented represent his quest for new frontiers. Ragas like Lavangi are set to three or four notes in ascending and descending scale. Ragaas created by him, like Mahathi, Lavangi, Sidhdhi, Sumukham have only four notes; while Ragaas created by him, like Sarva Sri, Omkaari, Ganapathy have only three notes.
He also innovated the tala system. He has incorporated "gati bhEdam" (గతి భేదం) in the "sashabda kriya" (సశబ్ద క్రియ) (actions in Talas, which can produce sound/shabda (శబ్ద) are called sashabda kriya - సశబ్ద క్రియ) part of the existing Tala chain, thus throwing open a new chain of Tala system. Saint Arunagirinaadhar used to inject such systems in his famous Thirupugazh, but only as Sandham, while Balamuralikrishna is known to be the pioneer in bringing such Sandhams into a logical rhythm, with Angam and definition. Thri Mukhi, Panchamukhi, Saptha Mukhi and Nava Mukhi are the basic classifications, he has named for his New Tala System.[clarification needed]
Awards and honours
- Civilian honours
- International honours
- Top Grade – Awarded "Top Grade" for performance areas
playing instruments: violin, viola, mrudhingam, kanjira, music:- classical music, light music, devotional music, composer, conductor, music director and poet.
- 1976 – National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer – Hamsageethe – "Himadri Suthe Pahimam"
- 1987 – National Film Award for Best Music Direction – Madhavacharya
- 1987-Best Male playback singer – Swathi Thirunal
- 2010-Best Classical Music Singer-Grammam
- Other honours
- Honorary Doctorate
- Sangita Kalanidhi by The Music Academy, Madras
- Sangeetha Kalasikhamani by The Fine Arts Society, Chennai (1991)
- He was awarded the Lifetime achievement Global Indian Music Academy Award for 2011.
- Sangeetha Kalasarathy
- "Sangeetha Virinchi" tilte conferred by Sangeetha Bharathi music School, Auckland during Dr BMK concert "Raganga Ravali" in 2009 at Auckland, New Zealand
M. Balamuralikrishna in Telugu Book of Records
|Omkaara Pranava||Shanmukhapriya||Pada Varnam|
|Amma Anandha dayini||Gambhiranata||Pada Varnam|
|Ninu Nera Nammithi||Kharaharapriya||Varnam|
|Sri Sakala Ganadhipa Palayamam||Aarabhi||Kriti||Three Pallavis on Ganapathy, Maaruthi and Krishna|
|Gam Gam Ganapathim||Ganapathi||Kriti||on Ganapathi-Tri Tonal Raga: Sa Ga Pa|
|Pirai Aniyum Perumaan||Hamsadhvani||Kriti||on Ganapathi|
|Uma Sutham Namaami||Sarvasri||Kriti||on Ganapathi-Tri Tonal Raga: Sa Ma Pa|
|Mahaneeya Namasulivae||Sumukham||Kriti||on Ganapathi-Tetra Tonal Raga: Sa Ri Ma Ni|
|Omkara karini||Lavangi||Kriti||Tetra Tonal Raga: Sa Ri Ma Dha|
|Sidhdhi Naayakena||Amritavarshini||Kriti||on Ganapathi|
|Sidhdhim Dhehi Mae||Sidhdhi||Kriti||on Ganapathi-Tri Tonal Raga: Sa Ri Dha|
|Heera Ganapathiki||Surati||Kriti||On Ganapathi|
|Mahaneeya Madhura Moorthae||Mahathi||Kriti||Guru Vandhanam-Tetra Tonal Raga: Sa Ga PA Ni|
|Guruni Smarimpumo||Hamsavinodhini||Kriti||Guru Vandhanam|
|Varuha Varuha||Panthuvaraali||Kriti||on Muruha|
|Thunai Neeyae||Charukesi||Kriti||on Muruha|
|Nee Dhaya Raadha||Poorvikalyani||Kriti||on Ambika|
|Gathi Neeve||Kalyani||Kriti||on Ambika|
|Siva Ganga||Nagasvaravali||Kriti||on Ambika|
|Maa Maanini||Thodi||Kriti||on Ambika-Swara Saahithyam|
|Amma Ninukori||Kamas||Kriti||on Ambika|
|Gaana Maalinchi||Kalyanavasantam||Kriti||on Ambika|
|Sadhaa Thava Paadha||Shanmukhapriya||Kriti||on Siva|
|Bruhadheeswara||Kaanada||Kriti||on Tanjore Bruhadheeswara|
|Thripura Tharpa||Mangalam on Siva|
|Kamala Dhalaayatha||Bahudari||Kriti||on Nethra Soundharya|
|Thillana||Kunthalvaraali||Thillana||Tamil and Telugu Charanam|
|Thillana||Garudadhvani||Thillana||Paanini Sutra Reference,|
|Thillana||Behag||Thillana||On Sri Thyagaraja|
|Thillana||Ragamalika||Thillana||Amruthavarshini, Mohanam, Kaanada and Hindolam|
|Thillana||Ragamalika||Thillana||Taaya Ragamaalika, Based on Sruthi Bhedam|
|Thillana||Ragamalika||Thillana||Pancha "Priya" Raagas, with Gathi Bhedam|
|Maamava Gaana Lola||Rohini||Kriti||Ragam using two Madhyamas|
|Gaana Lola||Ragamalika||Kriti||On Thirupathi Venkateswara|
|Nee Saati Neevae||Chandrika||Kriti||on Ranga,|
|Sankarabharana Sayanuda||Sankarabharanam||Kriti||on Ranga|
|Vandhe Maatharam||Ranjani||Kriti||on Bharatham|
|Gaana Sudha Rasa||Naattai||Kriti||on Sri Thyagaraja|
|Sama Gana||Amritavarshini||Kriti||on Sri Thyagaraja|
|Maragatha Simhasana||Simhendra Madhyamam||Kriti||on Yadhagiri Narasimha|
|Simha Rupa Dheva||Kambhoji||Kriti||on Narasimha|
|Raja Raja||Sankarabharanam||Kriti||on Sri Raghavendhra|
|Chintayami satatam Sri Muttuswami Dikshitam||Sucharitra||Kriti||on Muttuswami Dikshitar|
|Ambamamava||Ragamalika||Kriti||Ranjani-Niranjani – Janaranjani|
|Bangaaru Murali Sringaara Ravali||Neelambari||Kriti|
|Bhaavame Mahaa Bhaagyamura||Kapi||Kriti||Sri Thyagaraja to Balamuralikrishna-Guru Parampara|
|Paahi Sameera Kumaara||Mandari||Kriti||description of Panchamukha Hanuman|
Balamuralikrishna acted in few films and gave his voice to some selected songs in Indian cinema.
|1957||Sati Savitri||Telugu||Song: Oho Ho Vilasala|
|1959||Jayabheri||Telugu||Suklaam Brahma Vichaara Saara Paramaam (Sloka)|
|1963||Karna||Telugu||Song: Neevu Nenu Valachitimi Nandaname Eduruga Nilichitimi|
|1963||Nartanasala||Telugu||Song: Salalitha Raga Sudharasa Saaram|
|1965||Dorikite Dongalu||Telugu||Song: Tirupativasa Srivenkatesa|
|1965||Thiruvilayadal||Tamil||Song: Oru Naal Pothuma|
|1966||Palnati Yudham||Telugu||Singer: Seelamu Galavari Chinavada|
|1967||Bhakta Prahlada||Telugu||Acted as Narada
Song: Aadi Anaadiyu Neeve Deva Narada Sannuta Narayana,
Siri Siri Laali Chinnari Laali,
Varamosage Vanamali Naa Vanchitammu Neraverunuga
|1973||Andala Ramudu||Telugu||Song: Paluke Banagamayera Andala Rama|
|1974||Sree Rama Anjaneya Yuddham||Telugu||Song: Meluko Srirama Meluko Raghurama
Karunalola Narayana Sritajanapala Deenavana
|1975||Hamsageethe||Kannada||Music director and Singer|
|1975||Muthyala Muggu||Telugu||Song: Srirama Jayarama Seetarama|
|1977||Kurukshetram||Telugu||Song: Kuppinchi Egasina Kundalambula Kanthi (Padyam)|
|1977||Kavikkuyil||Tamil||Song: Chinna Kannan Azhaikkiraan|
|1979||Guppedu Manasu||Telugu||Song: Mauname Nee Bhasha O Mooga Manasa|
|1979||Nool Veli||Tamil||Song: Mounathil Vilayadum|
|1982||Ente Mohangal Poovaninju||Malayalam||Song:|
|1983||Adi Shankaracharya||Sanskrit||Music director|
|1983||Meghasandesam||Telugu||Song: Paadana Vani Kalyaniga|
|1986||Madhvacharya||Kannada||Music director and Singer|
|1987||Swathi Thirunal||Malayalam||Song: Moksha Mukalada
Winner, Kerala State Film Award for Best Singer
|1990||Muthina Haara||Kannada||Song: Devaru Hoseda Premada Daara|
|1991||Bharatham||Malayalam||Song: "Raajamathangi" ("Dhwani prasadham")|
|1993||Bhagvad Gita||Sanskrit||Music director|
|1997||Priyamaina Srivaaru||Telugu||Song: Jatakalu Kalisevela Jeevitalu Mugisaayi|
|2009||Pasanga||Tamil||Song: Anbaley Azhgagum Veedu|
- "French honour for Balamuralikrishna". The Hindu. 3 May 2005. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Mangalampalli can't wait to come home". The Hindu. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Subramaniam, Garimella (6 July 2004). "A musical colossus". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Balamuralikrishna deserves Bharat Ratna: Jayalalithaa". The Hindu. 26 July 2005. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- Subrahmanyam, Velcheti (2 February 2012). "Master holds in hypnotic spell". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Award for Balamuralikrishna". The Hindu Business Line. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "'Sangeetha Kalasarathy' conferred on Balamuralikrishna". The Hindu. 17 December 2002.
- "Maestro enthralls audience". Indian Weekender (Auckland, New Zealand). 13 October 2009.
- "There's no one way to teach". The Hindu. 28 February 2006.
- Swaminathan, Chitra (4 January 2008). "He defines 'style' as tradition". The Hindu.
- Khurana, Suanshu (2 September 2013). "God's Own Voice". The Financial Express.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to M. Balamuralikrishna.|
- Murali and Me: A tribute by Prince Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma.
- Balamuralikrishna with his musicians in Switzerland in 1992.
- Various devotional works of Balamuralikrishna.