M. C. Ricklefs

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Merle Calvin Ricklefs (born 1943) is a scholar of the history and current affairs of Indonesia.[1] He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University under the supervision of O. W. Wolters. He has taught at School of Oriental and African Studies, All Souls College, Monash University, Australian National University and University of Melbourne. Ricklefs recently retired from the Professorship of Southeast Asian history at the National University of Singapore.[2]

His publications have focused on the history of Mataram, Kartasura, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, locations in Central Java. He has also regularly updated his history of Indonesia - A History of Modern Indonesia, ca. 1300 to the present. Few other living English speaking writers can claim the scope of his knowledge of the history of Java from the 17th to the 20th century.

The Government of Australia awarded him in 2001 the Centenary Medal for service to Australian society and the humanities in the study of Indonesia.[3]


  • Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: a history of the division of Java. (London Oriental Series, vol. 30.) London: Oxford University Press, 1974. Revised Indonesian edition 2002
  • (co-authored with P. Voorhoeve) Indonesian Manuscripts in Great Britain: a catalogue of manuscripts in Indonesian languages in British public collections. (London Oriental Bibliographies, vol. 5.) London: Oxford University Press, 1977
  • Modern Javanese Historical Tradition: a study of an original Kartasura chronicle and related materials. London: School of Oriental and African Studies, 1978
  • A History of Modern Indonesia, ca. 1300 to the present. London & Basingstoke: Macmillan; Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1981. 2nd edition (Palgrave and Stanford University Press) 1993. 3rd edition (Palgrave and Stanford University Press) 2001. Revised Indonesian edition 1991 (Gadjah Mada University Press); 2nd revised Indonesian edition 2005 (Serambi)
  • War, Culture and Economy in Java, 1677–1726: Asian and European imperialism in the early Kartasura period. Sydney : Asian Studies Association of Australia in association with Allen and Unwin, 1993
  • (edited and translated) Pantheism and Monism in Javanese Suluk Literature: Islamic and Indian mysticism in an Indonesian setting, by P. J. Zoetmulder, S.J. Ed. and transl. M. C. Ricklefs. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995
  • The Seen and Unseen Worlds in Java, 1726–49: history, literature and Islam in the court of Pakubuwana II. St. Leonards NSW: The Asian Studies Association of Australia in association with Allen and Unwin; Honolulu: The University of Hawai'i Press, 1998 ISBN 1-86448-627-9
  • Mystic Synthesis in Java: a history of Islamization from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. White Plains, NY : EastBridge, 2006
  • Polarising Javanese Society: Islamic and other visions, 1830-1930. Singapore: NUS Press; Leiden: Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 2007 ISBN 9971-69-346-1


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