M. Stanton Evans

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M. Stanton Evans
Born Medford Stanton Evans
(1934-07-20) July 20, 1934 (age 79)
Kingsville, Texas
Occupation Writer
Language English
Nationality American
Citizenship United States
Education Bachelor of Arts
Alma mater Yale University
Period 1951-1955
Genres Nonfiction
Subjects Politics, History
Literary movement Conservative
Notable work(s) Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies
Notable award(s) Honorary doctorates: Syracuse University, John Marshall Law School, Grove City College, Francisco Marroquín University; two Freedom Foundation awards: editorial writing; National Headliners Club Award: “consistently outstanding editorial pages”; William F. Buckley Jr. Award for Media Excellence (Media Research Center); Reed Irvine award for excellence in journalism (Accuracy in Media); Barbara Olson Award for Excellence & Independence in Journalism (American Spectator); John M. Ashbrook Award (Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs); Regnery Award for Distinguished Institutional Service (Intercollegiate Studies Institute); four George Washington medals (Freedoms Foundation of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania)

Medford Stanton Evans (born July 20, 1934) is an American journalist, author and educator. He is the author of eight books, including Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies (2007).

Early life and education[edit]

Evans was born in Kingsville, Texas on July 20, 1934 to Medford Bryan Evans, a college professor, author, and United States Atomic Energy Commission official,[1] and classics scholar Josephine Stanton Evans.[2] He grew up in Chattanooga, Tennessee and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.[1]

Evans graduated magna cum laude from Yale University, Phi Beta Kappa, in 1955,[3] with a B.A. in English, followed by graduate work in economics at New York University under Ludwig von Mises.[4]

Journalism[edit]

As an undergraduate, Evans was an editor for the Yale Daily News.[5] It was at Yale that he read One Is a Crowd by Frank Chodorov. In The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945, George H. Nash writes:

It was the first libertarian book he [Evans] had ever read, and [he said] it ‘opened up more intellectual perspectives to me than did the whole Yale curriculum.’ Evans came to believe that Chodorov ‘probably had more to do with the conscious shaping of my political philosophy than any other person.’[6]

Upon graduation, Evans became assistant editor of The Freeman, where Chodorov was editor.[7] The following year, he joined the staff of William F. Buckley's fledgling National Review (where he served as associate editor from 1960 to 1973)[8] and became managing editor of Human Events, where he is currently a contributing editor.[9] He became a proponent of National Review co-editor Frank Meyer's "fusionism," a political philosophy reconciling the traditionalist and libertarian tendencies of the conservative movement.[10] Evans argued that freedom and virtue are not antagonistic, but complementary:

The idea that there is some sort of huge conflict between religious values and liberty is a misstatement of the whole problem. The two are inseparable.... [I]f there are no moral axioms, why should there be any freedom?[11]

The con­servative believes that ours is a God-centered, and therefore an ordered, uni­verse; that man’s purpose is to shape his life to the patterns of order proceeding from the Divine center of life; and that, in seeking this objective, man is hampered by a fallible intellect and vagrant will. Properly construed, this view is not only compatible with a due regard for human freedom, but demands it.[12]

In 1959, Evans became head editorial writer of The Indianapolis News,[8] rising to editor the following year—at 26, the nation's youngest editor of a metropolitan daily newspaper[3]—a position he held until 1974.[8] In 1971, Evans became a commentator for the CBS Television and Radio Networks, and in 1980 became a commentator for National Public Radio, the Voice of America, Radio America and WGMS-FM in Washington, D.C.[13] In 1974, he became a nationally syndicated columnist for the Los Angeles Times syndicate.[8] Barry Goldwater wrote that Evans "writes with the strength and conviction and authority of experience."[14] In a 1975 radio address, Ronald Reagan cited Evans as "a very fine journalist."[15] In 1977, Evans founded the National Journalism Center, where he served as director until 2002. In 1980, he became an adjunct professor of journalism at Troy University in Troy, Alabama,[16] where he currently holds the Buchanan Chair of Journalism.[17] In 1981-2002, he was publisher of Consumers' Research magazine. Evans expressed his journalistic philosophy as follows:

I don't think that the way to correct a spin from the left is to try to impart a spin from the right.... [A]n information flow distorted from the right would be just as much a disservice as distortion from the left. What we really should be after... is accurate information. And I don't see what any conservative or anybody else for that matter has to fear from accurate information.[18]

M. Stanton Evans is the Director of the National Journalism Center in Washington, D.C.

Political activism[edit]

Evans was present at Great Elm, the family home of William F. Buckley in Sharon, Connecticut, at the founding of Young Americans for Freedom,[19] where on September 11, 1960, he drafted YAF's charter, the Sharon Statement.[20] Some conservatives still revere this document as a concise statement of their principles.[21]

In 1971-1977, Evans served as chairman of the American Conservative Union (ACU).[22] He was one of the first conservatives to denounce Richard Nixon, just a year into his first term and long before Watergate, co-writing a January 1970 ACU report condemning his record. Under Evans' leadership, the ACU issued a July 1971 statement concluding, “the American Conservative Union has resolved to suspend our support of the Administration.” In June 1975, ACU called upon Ronald Reagan to challenge incumbent Gerald Ford for the 1976 Republican presidential nomination.[23] In June 1982, Evans and others met with President Reagan,[24] warning him about White House staff who thought they could make a deal with the Democratic Congress. (Reagan subsequently made such a deal, in which for each $1 in higher taxes Congress promised $3 in spending cuts; Reagan delivered the tax hike, but Congress reneged, actually increasing spending.)[25]

In 1974, Evans founded the Education and Research Institute, of which he is still chairman. He has also served as president of the Philadelphia Society,[26] a member of the Council for National Policy and Young Americans for Freedom National Advisory Board, and a trustee of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute (ISI),[27] and is a member of the Board of Advisers of the National Tax Limitation Committee. Evans has also been an effective plaintiff in numerous Federal Court cases involving the First Amendment issue of "freedom of information."[28]

Honors[edit]

Evans has been awarded honorary doctorates from Syracuse University, John Marshall Law School, Grove City College and Francisco Marroquín University.[29] He is a past winner of two Freedom Foundation awards for editorial writing and the National Headliners Club Award for “consistently outstanding editorial pages.”[30] Evans has also been awarded the Media Research Center's William F. Buckley Jr. Award for Media Excellence,[31] Accuracy in Media's Reed Irvine award for excellence in journalism,[32] the American Spectator's Barbara Olson Award for Excellence & Independence in Journalism,[33] the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs' John M. Ashbrook Award,[34] the ISI's Regnery Award for Distinguished Institutional Service[35] and four Freedoms Foundation George Washington medals.[36] Troy University ’s Hall School of Journalism hosts an annual M. Stanton Evans symposium named in his honor, as is the ISI's M. Stanton Evans Alumni Award.

McCarthy Era[edit]

In 2007, Random House published Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies, which exhaustively documents the oft-disputed claim that Communist spies, sympathizers and fellow-travelers, aided and instigated by the Soviet Union, widely infiltrated the federal government, including the administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman to aid in the expansion of Communism throughout the world during the Cold War. The footnotes and references in the book provide links to physical documents in the National Archives and the records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, among other sources. Evans documents the fact that the National Archives copy of at least one of the most critical documents McCarthy submitted to the Congressional boards has been ripped out of its binder and stolen by persons unknown. Evans was able to track down another copy in the private papers of one of the Congressmen involved in the hearings. Much of the hard data cited by Evans was previously classified and unavailable to researchers, but has now been declassified and is now available publicly. Claims of Communist infiltration and spies within the federal government were further verified by the release of documents known as the Venona Decrypts and records released by the former Soviet Union's KGB in recent years.

Books[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Theme is Freedom: Religion, Politics, and the American Tradition by M. Stanton Evans, Booknotes, C-SPAN, February 5, 1995
  2. ^ "Josephine Evans, 97, former teacher," The Washington Times, June 3, 2005; cf. James B. Lloyd, ed., Lives of Mississippi Authors, 1817-1967 (University Press of Mississippi, 2009) ISBN 1-60473-411-6, pp. 157-158
  3. ^ a b "End of a Search," Time October 10, 1960
  4. ^ M. Stanton Evans, "Government Can Be Hazardous to Your Health," Imprimus, June 1975
  5. ^ Banner and Pot Pourri Yearbook - Class of 1954, Yale University, 1954, p. 132 (e-yearbook.com)
  6. ^ George H. Nash, The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945 (ISI Books, 2006) ISBN 1-933859-12-1, p. 39
  7. ^ Archive for Frank Chodorov, The Freeman
  8. ^ a b c d Sam G. Riley, Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995) ISBN 0-313-29192-6, p. 84
  9. ^ M. Stanton Evans, Human Events
  10. ^ William F. Meehan, III, "Evans, M. Stanton," First Principles, April 17, 2008
  11. ^ Gregory L. Schneider, Cadres for conservatism: young Americans for freedom and the rise of the contemporary right (NYU Press, 1999) ISBN 0-8147-8108-X, p. 35
  12. ^ L. Brent Bozell, “Freedom or Virtue?,” Freedom and Virtue: The Conservative / Libertarian Debate. George Wescott Carey, ed., (Wilmington, Del: ISI Books, 1998), p. 22
  13. ^ Eugene G. Schwartz, American Students Organize: Founding the National Student Association after World War II: An Anthology and Sourcebook (American Council on Educators/Praeger Publishers, 2006) ISBN 0-275-99100-8, p. 804
  14. ^ Fulton Lewis, Jr., "Washington Report," Reading Eagle, November 17, 1961, p. 10
  15. ^ Kiron K. Skinner, Annelise Anderson and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan, in His Own Hand (Simon and Schuster, 2001) ISBN 0-7432-1938-4, p. 364
  16. ^ Troy University Journalism Symposium named in honor of M. Stanton Evans, Hall School of Journalism, Troy University
  17. ^ Professor M. Stanton Evans, Hall School of Journalism, Troy University
  18. ^ M. Stanton Evans, “Can Conservatives Change the Media?” Heritage Foundation Resource Bank lecture, August 7, 1990
  19. ^ M. Stanton Evans, Intercollegiate Studies Institute
  20. ^ Rebecca E. Klatch, A generation divided: the new left, the new right, and the 1960s (University of California Press, 1999) ISBN 0-520-21714-4, p. 21
  21. ^ "The Sharon Statement would last as the late 20th century's single most elegant distillation of conservative principles." (K.E. Grubbs, Jr., "The Magnificent Legacy of the YAF," Investors Business Daily, September 9, 2010); "This statement of principles denies the basic premises of Progressivism and liberalism...the concerns for liberty remain the same over the centuries.," The Sharon Statement, The Heritage Foundation.
  22. ^ Statement of Principles: The Sharon Statement, American Conservative Union
  23. ^ Our History, American Conservative Union
  24. ^ Kiron K. Skinner, Annelise Anderson and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (Simon and Schuster, 2004) ISBN 0-7432-7642-6, p. 595
  25. ^ Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: An American Life (Simon and Schuster, 1990) ISBN 0-671-69198-8, p. 314. Cf. Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Conservative Counterrevolution, 1980-1989 (Random House, Inc., 2009) ISBN 1-4000-5357-9, pp. 210-212
  26. ^ "Presidents of The Philadelphia Society". Phillysoc.org. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  27. ^ William F. Meehan, III, Evans, M. Stanton, First Principles, April 17, 2008
  28. ^ Board, National Tax-Limitation Committee
  29. ^ M. Stanton Evans, Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies (Random House, Inc., 2007) ISBN 1-4000-8105-X, "About the Author" (back cover)
  30. ^ "Fact Finders to Hear Young Editor, Today," Palm Beach Daily News, May 4, 1962, p. 5
  31. ^ MRC Presents the 2010 William F. Buckley Jr. Award to M. Stanton Evans, Media Research Center, October 14, 2010
  32. ^ Alanna Hultz, AIM Honors Stan Evans, March 25, 2009
  33. ^ M. Stanton Evans (The American Spectator, Nov 1, 2011), youtube.com
  34. ^ John Gizzi, Matthew Robinson, Joseph A. D'Agostino, David Freddoso and Matthew A. Rarey, "29th Conservative Political Action Conference sets attendance record, Human Events, February 11, 2002
  35. ^ M. Stanton Evans, Intercollegiate Studies Institute
  36. ^ M. Stanton Evans, "Unlearning the Liberal History Lesson: Some Thoughts Concerning Conservatism and Freedom," Imprimus, March 1980