M15/42 tank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carro Armato M15/42
M15-42-Saumur.0004yfcp.jpg
Carro Armato M15/42 on display at the Musée des Blindés in Saumur
Type Medium Tank
Place of origin Italy Italy
Service history
In service 1943-1945
Used by Italy Italy
 Italian Social Republic
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Ansaldo
Designed 1942
Manufacturer Fiat
Produced 1 January 1943 - 8 September 1943
Number built 90 (made for Italian Army) and 28 (made for German Army)
Variants M16/43 (canceled)
Specifications
Weight 15.5 tonnes
Length 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in)
Width 2.20 m (7 ft 3 in)
Height 2.40 m (7 ft 10 in)
Crew 4 (Commander, Radioman, Driver, Gunner/Loader)

Armor

50 mm frontal armour

42 mm side armour
Main
armament
47 mm / L40 gun
111 rounds
Secondary
armament
4 x 8 mm Breda 38 machine guns
Engine SPA petrol
192 hp
Suspension Two 4 wheel bogies, semi-elliptic leaf spring
Operational
range
200 kilometres (120 miles)
Speed 40 km/h (25 mph)

The Carro Armato M15/42 was an Italian medium tank of World War II, which entered production in 1943.

Development[edit]

The M15/42 was developed from the M13/40 and the M14/41. It had a more powerful engine and air filters to cope with the harsh conditions of the desert.

Main armament was an improved (compared to the 47 mm / L32 on the M13) 47 mm / L40 main gun with an elevation of +20 degrees and a depression of –10 degrees, mounted in a turret operated electrically which could traverse 360 degrees. The secondary armament consisted of one 8 mm Breda 38 machine gun mounted on top of the turret for anti-aircraft defense, two co-axial Breda 38 machine guns mounted the sides of the main gun, and two more in the front hull of the M15/42.

The official Italian designation was Carro Armato M 15/42. This includes the designation ("armored tank"), the tank classification ("M" for medium tank), the weight in tonnes (15), and the year of adoption (1942).

Combat use[edit]

Italy begun production on 1 January 1943. By mid 1943, Italy had produced 90 M15/42s.

At the moment of the Italian Armistice on 8 September 1943, Italian formations from the 135th Armoured Division Ariete II fought against German troops moving to disarm them in Rome, and M15/42s were among the tanks they used in this battle.

After the armistice, Germany confiscated all remaining M15/42s. Under the Germans an additional 28 incomplete M15/42s were produced.

Related development[edit]

The Semovente 75/34 self-propelled gun used the same chassis as the M15/42.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]