The unique breechloading system of the Werndl
|Place of origin||Austria-Hungary|
|In service||1867 – 1918|
Argentina (limited use)
|Wars||Herzegovina Uprising (1882)
World War I (limited)
|Produced||1867 - 1888|
|Number built||500,000 (approx.)|
|Barrel length||33.3 in|
11.15x58R (1877 Upgrade)
|Action||rotating drum bolt|
|Feed system||single-shot breach loading|
The M1867 Werndl-Holub was a single-shot breechloading rifle adopted by the Austro-Hungarian army in 1867. It replaced the breechloader-conversion Wanzl rifle. The rifle was designed and patented by Josef Werndl (1831-1889) and Karel Holub (1830-1903); Werndl later bought out all the rights.
It was produced by OEWG (Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft), and chambered for the 11mm scharfe Patrone M.67  (11.15x42R) cartridge. In 1877 they were rechambered for the bottleneck 11mm scharfe Patrone M.77 (11.15x58mmR) cartridge.
In spite of being long obsolete at the time, Werndl rifles were issued to rear-echelon units of the Austro-Hungarian forces during World War I to free up more modern rifles for use by front-line troops.
- Scarlata, Paul (August 1, 2011). "Austro-Hungarian Rifles of World War 1 - Part One: Many Peoples - Many Rifles!". Shotgun News 65 (21): 48.
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