M1867 Werndl-Holub

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M1867 Werndl-Holub
The unique breechloading system of the Werndl
Type Service rifle
Place of origin Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1867 – 1918
Used by Austria-Hungary
Argentina (limited use)
Wars Herzegovina Uprising (1882)
Balkan Wars
World War I (limited)[1]
Production history
Designed 1860s
Manufacturer Steyr
Produced 1867 - 1888
Number built 500,000 (approx.)
Variants M1873
Extra-Corps Carbine
Finance-Gewehr Carbine
Cavalry Carbine
Weight 9.65 lb
Length 50.4 in
Barrel length 33.3 in

Cartridge 11.15x42R (M1867)
11.15x36R (Carbine)
11.15x58R (1877 Upgrade)
Caliber 11.15mm
Action rotating drum bolt
Feed system single-shot breach loading
Sights Iron
Verndl rifle.jpg

The M1867 Werndl-Holub was a single-shot breechloading rifle adopted by the Austro-Hungarian army in 1867. It replaced the breechloader-conversion Wanzl rifle. The rifle was designed and patented by Josef Werndl (1831-1889) and Karel Holub (1830-1903); Werndl later bought out all the rights.

It was produced by OEWG (Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft), and chambered for the 11mm scharfe Patrone M.67 [1] (11.15x42R) cartridge. In 1877 they were rechambered for the bottleneck 11mm scharfe Patrone M.77 (11.15x58mmR) cartridge.

In spite of being long obsolete at the time, Werndl rifles were issued to rear-echelon units of the Austro-Hungarian forces during World War I to free up more modern rifles for use by front-line troops.[1]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scarlata, Paul (August 1, 2011). "Austro-Hungarian Rifles of World War 1 - Part One: Many Peoples - Many Rifles!". Shotgun News 65 (21): 48.