M25 Tank Transporter

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M25 Tank Transporter
M26-tractor-194409.jpg
M26 tractor
Type 40 ton (36,287kg) 6x6 Tank recovery truck-trailer
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1941–1955
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Knuckey Truck Company
Manufacturer M26: Pacific Car & Foundry Co.
M15: Fruehauf Trailer Co.
Variants M26A1, M26A2
Specifications (M25[2])
Weight

Empty[1]
M26: 48,000 lb (22,000 kg)
M15: 36,600 lb (16,600 kg)
M25: 84,300 lb (38,200 kg)
Loaded[1]
M26: 103,000 lb (47,000 kg)
M15: 36,600 lb (16,600 kg)

M25: 164,300 lb (74,500 kg)
Length M26: 25 feet 4 inches (7.72 m)
M15: 38 feet 5 116 inches (11.71 m)
Width M26: 10 feet 10 34 inches (3.32 m)
M15 12 feet 6 inches (3,810 mm)
Height M26: 11 feet 5 inches (3.48 m)
Crew 7

Armor front 34 in (19 mm)
sides, rear 14 in (6.4 mm)
Main
armament
.50 cal M2 machine gun
Engine Hall-Scott 440 gasoline
240 hp (180 kW)
Transmission 4 speed x 3 speed
Fuel capacity 120 US gal (450 l)[1]
Operational
range
120 mi (193.1 km)
Speed 28 mph (45 km/h)

The M25 Tank Transporter (G160) was a combination 6x6 M26 armored heavy tank transporter/tank recovery tractor and companion 40-ton M15 trailer introduced into US Army service in Europe in 1944–45. It was a substantial upgrade over its existing Diamond T transporter/trailer duo.

Nicknamed the Dragon Wagon, it was replaced by the 10 ton 6x6 M123 semi-tractor beginning in 1955.[3]

Development[edit]

In 1942 a new 40 ton semi-trailer tank transporter was needed to offer better off-road performance than the M9 24 small-wheel trailer, and greater capacity than the 30 ton 8 large-wheel Shelvoke and Drewry semi-trailers used by the Diamond T tractor unit. Designed by the Fruehauf Trailer Company of Detroit, Michigan,[4] it was heavier than the Diamond T could manage. A companion M26 tractor was designed by the San Francisco-based Knuckey Truck Company. When it could not keep up with the Army's demands production was awarded to the Pacific Car & Foundry Co. of Seattle, Washington.

Designated TR-1 by Pacific Car, the chain-driven 12-ton 6x6 M26 tractor was powered by a Hall-Scott 440 1,090 cu in (17.9 L) 6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 240 hp (180 kW) at 2000 rpm and 810 lbf·ft (1,098 N·m) at 1200 rpm. Developed for the M26, it was used to uprate the Diamond T. Some 2,100 Type 440s were built. Baxter notes "over 1,300" M26 and M26A1 being built.[4]

Unusually, the tractor unit was fitted with both an armored cab and two winches with a combined pull of 60 tons,[4] allowing it to do light battlefield recovery work.

A later unarmored version of the M26 tractor was designated the M26A1. An experimental ballast tractor conversion was evaluated by the British FVPE[4]

Gallery[edit]

Specifications[edit]

  • Crew-7
  • Armament 1-.50 cal. machine gun
  • Armor, front-3/4", sides, rear, 1/4".
  • top speed-26 MPH
  • fuel cap, 120 GAL.

Users[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "TM-9-2800-1 Standard Military Motor Vehicles". US War Dept. 1 Sep 1943. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "TM-9-767 40 ton Tank Transporter Truck-trailer M25". US War Dept. 13 Aug 1942. pp. 14–15. Retrieved 20 Dec 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.trucksplanet.com/updates/index.php?page=317
  4. ^ a b c d e Baxter, Brian S. (1989). Breakdown: A History of Recovery Vehicles in the British Army. HMSO, for REME Museum. p. 51. ISBN 0-11-290456-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Military Vehicle Journal #8 (Photos of the M26 and M26A1)

External links[edit]