M56 Howitzer

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M-56А1 105 mm howitzer on display at "Partner 2011" military fair[where?]

The M56 Howitzer is a Yugoslav-made 105mm artillery gun that is based on the American M101 (m2A1).

History[edit]

The origin design was heavily copied from the M101, with some technical improvements to increase its capacity. It was originally manufactured in Yugoslavia in a 28 caliber version that had the capability to reach up to 13 km. Through the years, it was modernized to have a 33 caliber with a stronger breechblock and new recoil systems that allow it to fire modern rounds up to 18+ km, as it was able to handle higher pressure in the chamber and had a longer barrel. It was initially marketed by Yugoimport, but is now manufactured and sold by BNT TMiH in Bosnia.[1]

According to the United Nations, some 1,500 units of the M56, in its various models, have been produced and over 200 were exported between 1998 and 2004.[2]

Technical data[edit]

  • M-56 caliber 33
  • Weight: Between 2,190 kg to 2,330 kg depending on options
  • Min. reach: 2,000m
  • Max. reach: up to 18 km
  • Muzzle brake: Double
  • Min. elevation: -180 mils
  • Max. elevation: 1200 mils
  • Horizontal limits: 462 thousandths
  • Frequency of fire: 6 round/min

Users[edit]

Outside of the former territory of Yugoslavia, the M56 is known to be in service with:

  • Bangladesh
  • Cyprus
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Nigeria, likely the largest export user (200)
  • Indonesia
  • Myanmar
  • Mexico
  • Pakistan, which has one of the most in use (113).[3]
  • Perú

References[edit]

  1. ^ BNT TMiH website
  2. ^ [1][not in citation given]
  3. ^ John Pike. "Pakistan Army Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 

External links[edit]