Ampere-hour

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A 2500 mA·h AA and a 1000 mA·h AAA rechargeable battery

An ampere-hour or amp-hour (SI symbol A·h or A h; also denoted Ah) is a unit of electric charge, equal to the charge transferred by a steady current of one ampere flowing for one hour, or 3600 coulombs.[1]

The ampere-hour is frequently used in measurements of electrochemical systems such as electroplating and electrical batteries. The commonly seen milliampere-hour (mA·h or mAh) is one-thousandth of an ampere-hour (3.6 coulombs).

A milliampere-second (mA·s) is a unit of measure used in X-ray imaging, diagnostic imaging, and radiation therapy. This quantity is proportional to the total X-ray energy produced by a given X-ray tube operated at a particular voltage.[2] The same total dose can be delivered in different time periods depending on the X-ray tube current.

The Faraday constant is the charge on one mole of electrons, approximately equal to 26.8 ampere-hours. It is used in electrochemical calculations.

An ampere-hour is not a unit of energy. In a battery system, for example, accurate calculation of the energy delivered requires integration of the power delivered (product of instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current) over the discharge interval. Generally, the battery voltage varies during discharge; an average value or nominal value may be used to approximate the integration of power.[3]

An AA size dry cell has a capacity of about 2 or 3 ampere-hours. Automotive car batteries vary in capacity but a large automobile propelled by an internal combustion engine would have about a 50 ampere-hour battery capacity. Since one ampere-hour can produce 0.336 grams of aluminum from molten aluminum chloride, producing a ton of aluminum requires transfer of at least 2.98 million ampere-hours. [4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Full Conversion Table (sorted by Category)" Allmeasures.com, 2004, webpage: AM-Conversion-table.
  2. ^ X-ray Safety Handbook, 9.0 Terms and Definitions, VirginiaTech Environmental, Health and Safety Services
  3. ^ National Research Council (U.S.) (2004). Meeting the energy needs of future warriors. National Academies Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-309-09261-2. 
  4. ^ T. L. Brown, H. E. Lemay Jr, "Chemistry the Central Science", Prentice-Hall, 1977 ISBN 0-13-128769-9 page 562